Dr. Who (1963)

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The Doctor is a renegade Time Lord: an eccentric, highly-intelligent scientist from a distant planet. He travels through time and space in the TARDIS, a curious device, larger on the inside than on the outside, which was designed to change its appearance to suit its surroundings. Unfortunately, the Doctor’s TARDIS seems to be broken, and always appears as a blue British police box. The Doctor has a soft spot for the planet Earth, and often visits there, either to save it from various alien threats or to whisk a choice few inhabitants away to the distant parts of the galaxy to help him fight evil there. The Doctor has many foes, including Daleks (led by Davros), and The Master, another renegade Time Lord. Time Lord biology enables them to regenerate their bodies, and so both the Doctor and the Master appear to evolve over the years… – Written by Murray Chapman <muzzle@cs.uq.oz.au>

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Doctor Who
Doctor Who - Current Titlecard.png
Doctor Who title card since 2014
Genre Science fiction
Drama
Created by
Written by Various
Starring Various Doctors
(as of 2017, Peter Capaldi)
Various companions
(as of 2017, Pearl Mackie)
Theme music composer
Opening theme Doctor Who theme music
Composer(s) Various composers
(since 2005, Murray Gold)
Country of origin United Kingdom
No. of seasons 26 (1963–1989)
+ 1 TV film (1996)
No. of series 10 (2005–present)
No. of episodes 839 (97 missing)
275 stories (list of serials)
Production
Executive producer(s) Various
(as of 2017, Steven Moffat and Brian Minchin[1])
Camera setup Single/multiple-camera hybrid
Running time Regular episodes:
  • 25 minutes (1963–1984, 1986–1989)
  • 45 minutes (1985, 2005–present)
Specials:
Various: 50–90 minutes
Release
Original network
Picture format
Audio format
Original release 23 November 1963 (1963-11-23) – present (present)
Chronology
Related shows
External links
Doctor Who at the BBC www.bbc.co.uk/doctorwho/

Doctor Who is a British science-fiction television programme produced by the BBC since 1963. The programme depicts the adventures of a Time Lord called "the Doctor", an extraterrestrial being from the planet Gallifrey. The Doctor explores the universe in a time-travelling space ship called the TARDIS. Its exterior appears as a blue British police box, which was a common sight in Britain in 1963 when the series first aired. Accompanied by a number of companions, the Doctor combats a variety of foes, while working to save civilisations and help people in need.

The show is a significant part of British popular culture,[2][3] and elsewhere it has gained a cult following. It has influenced generations of British television professionals, many of whom grew up watching the series.[4] The programme originally ran from 1963 to 1989. There was an unsuccessful attempt to revive regular production in 1996 with a backdoor pilot, in the form of a television film titled Doctor Who. The programme was relaunched in 2005, and since then has been produced in-house by BBC Wales in Cardiff. Doctor Who has also spawned numerous spin-offs, including comic books, films, novels, audio dramas, and the television series Torchwood (2006–2011), The Sarah Jane Adventures (2007–2011), K-9 (2009–2010), and Class (2016), and has been the subject of many parodies and references in popular culture.

Twelve actors have headlined the series as the Doctor. The transition from one actor to another is written into the plot of the show with the concept of regeneration into a new incarnation – an idea introduced in 1966 to allow the show to continue after the departure of original lead William Hartnell who was becoming very ill at the time. The concept is that this is a Time Lord trait through which the character of the Doctor takes on a new body and personality to recover from a severe injury or anything that would otherwise kill a normal person. Each actor's portrayal differs, but all represent stages in the life of the same character and form a single narrative. The time-travelling feature of the plot means that different incarnations of the Doctor occasionally meet. The current lead, Peter Capaldi, confirmed he would be leaving the show after the tenth series, with his final appearance being the 2017 Christmas special, "Twice Upon a Time".[5] In July, Jodie Whittaker was announced as the Thirteenth Doctor, the first woman to be cast in the role.[6]

Premise

Doctor Who follows the adventures of the primary character, a rogue Time Lord from the planet Gallifrey, who goes by the name "the Doctor". He fled Gallifrey in a stolen TARDIS – "Time and Relative Dimension in Space" – a time machine that travels by materialising into and dematerialising out of the time vortex. The TARDIS has a vast interior but appears smaller on the outside, and is equipped with a "chameleon circuit" intended to make the machine take on the appearance of local objects as a disguise; due to a malfunction, the Doctor's TARDIS remains fixed as a blue British police box.

The Doctor often finds events that pique his curiosity as he tries to prevent evil forces from harming innocent people or changing history, using only his ingenuity and minimal resources, such as his versatile sonic screwdriver. He rarely travels alone and often brings one or more companions to share these adventures. His companions are usually humans, as he has found a fascination with planet Earth, and he frequently collaborates with the international military task force UNIT when the Earth itself is threatened. As a Time Lord, the Doctor is centuries-old and has the ability to regenerate when his body is mortally damaged, taking on a new appearance and personality. The Doctor has gained numerous reoccurring enemies during his travels, including the Daleks, the Cybermen, and the Master, another renegade Time Lord.

History

Doctor Who first appeared on BBC TV at 17:16:20 GMT on Saturday, 23 November 1963; this was eighty seconds later than the scheduled programme time, due to the assassination of John F. Kennedy the previous day.[7][8] It was to be a regular weekly programme, each episode 25 minutes of transmission length. Discussions and plans for the programme had been in progress for a year. The head of drama Sydney Newman was mainly responsible for developing the programme, with the first format document for the series being written by Newman along with the head of the script department (later head of serials) Donald Wilson and staff writer C. E. Webber. Writer Anthony Coburn, story editor David Whitaker and initial producer Verity Lambert also heavily contributed to the development of the series.[9][note 1] The programme was originally intended to appeal to a family audience,[10] as an educational programme using time travel as a means to explore scientific ideas and famous moments in history. On 31 July 1963 Whitaker commissioned Terry Nation to write a story under the title The Mutants. As originally written, the Daleks and Thals were the victims of an alien neutron bomb attack but Nation later dropped the aliens and made the Daleks the aggressors. When the script was presented to Newman and Wilson it was immediately rejected as the programme was not permitted to contain any "bug-eyed monsters". According to producer Verity Lambert; "We didn't have a lot of choice — we only had the Dalek serial to go ... We had a bit of a crisis of confidence because Donald [Wilson] was so adamant that we shouldn't make it. Had we had anything else ready we would have made that." Nation's script became the second Doctor Who serial – The Daleks (a.k.a. The Mutants). The serial introduced the eponymous aliens that would become the series' most popular monsters, and was responsible for the BBC's first merchandising boom.[11]

The BBC drama department's serials division produced the programme for 26 seasons, broadcast on BBC 1. Falling viewing numbers, a decline in the public perception of the show and a less-prominent transmission slot saw production suspended in 1989 by Jonathan Powell, controller of BBC 1.[12] Although it was effectively cancelled with the decision not to commission a planned 27th series of the show for transmission in 1990, the BBC repeatedly affirmed that the series would return.[13]

While in-house production had ceased, the BBC hoped to find an independent production company to relaunch the show. Philip Segal, a British expatriate who worked for Columbia Pictures' television arm in the United States, had approached the BBC about such a venture as early as July 1989, while the 26th series was still in production.[13] Segal's negotiations eventually led to a Doctor Who television film, broadcast on the Fox Network in 1996 as a co-production between Fox, Universal Pictures, the BBC and BBC Worldwide. Although the film was successful in the UK (with 9.1 million viewers), it was less so in the United States and did not lead to a series.[13]

Licensed media such as novels and audio plays provided new stories, but as a television programme Doctor Who remained dormant until 2003. In September of that year,[14]BBC Television announced the in-house production of a new series after several years of attempts by BBC Worldwide to find backing for a feature film version. The executive producers of the new incarnation of the series were writer Russell T Davies and BBC Cymru Wales head of drama Julie Gardner.

Doctor Who finally returned with the episode "Rose" on BBC One on 26 March 2005.[15] There have since been nine further series in 2006–2008 and 2010–2015, and Christmas Day specials every year since 2005. No full series was filmed in 2009,[16] although four additional specials starring David Tennant were made. In 2010, Steven Moffat replaced Davies as head writer and executive producer.[17] In January 2016, Moffat announced that he would step down after the 2017 finale, to be replaced by Chris Chibnall in 2018.[18] The tenth series debuted in April 2017, with a Christmas special preceding it in 2016.[19]

The 2005 version of Doctor Who is a direct plot continuation of the original 1963–1989 series[note 2] and the 1996 telefilm. This is similar to the 1988 continuation of Mission Impossible,[20] but differs from most other series relaunches which have either been reboots (for example, Battlestar Galactica[21] and Bionic Woman) or set in the same universe as the original but in a different time period and with different characters (for example, Star Trek: The Next Generation and spin-offs).

The programme has been sold to many other countries worldwide (see Viewership).

Public consciousness

It has been claimed that the transmission of the first episode was delayed by ten minutes due to extended news coverage of the assassination of US President John F. Kennedy the previous day; in fact it went out after a delay of eighty seconds.[22] The BBC believed that many viewers had missed this introduction to a new series due to the coverage of the assassination, as well as a series of power blackouts across the country, and they broadcast it again on 30 November 1963, just before episode two.[23][24]

The programme soon became a national institution in the United Kingdom, with a large following among the general viewing audience.[25][26] Many renowned actors asked for or were offered guest-starring roles in various stories.[27][28][29][30]

With popularity came controversy over the show's suitability for children. Morality campaigner Mary Whitehouse repeatedly complained to the BBC in the 1970s over what she saw as the show's frightening and gory content.[31]John Nathan-Turner produced the series during the 1980s and was heard to say that he looked forward to Whitehouse's comments, as the show's ratings would increase soon after she had made them.[32]

The phrase "Hiding behind (or 'watching from behind') the sofa" entered British pop culture, signifying in humour the stereotypical early-series behaviour of children who wanted to avoid seeing frightening parts of a television programme while remaining in the room to watch the remainder of it.[33] The phrase retains this association with Doctor Who, to the point that in 1991 the Museum of the Moving Image in London named their exhibition celebrating the programme "Behind the Sofa". The electronic theme music too was perceived as eerie, novel, and frightening, at the time. A 2012 article placed this childhood juxtaposition of fear and thrill "at the center of many people's relationship with the show",[34] and a 2011 online vote at Digital Spy deemed the series the "scariest TV show of all time".[35]

During Jon Pertwee's second series as the Doctor, in the serial Terror of the Autons (1971), images of murderous plastic dolls, daffodils killing unsuspecting victims, and blank-featured policemen marked the apex of the show's ability to frighten children.[36] Other notable moments in that decade include a disembodied brain falling to the floor in The Brain of Morbius[37] and the Doctor apparently being drowned by a villain in The Deadly Assassin (both 1976).[38]

The current TARDIS prop used since 2010.

A BBC audience research survey conducted in 1972 found that, by their own definition of violence ("any act[s] which may cause physical and/or psychological injury, hurt or death to persons, animals or property, whether intentional or accidental") Doctor Who was the most violent of the drama programmes the corporation produced at the time.[39] The same report found that 3% of the surveyed audience regarded the show as "very unsuitable" for family viewing.[40] Responding to the findings of the survey in The Times newspaper, journalist Philip Howard maintained that, "to compare the violence of Dr Who, sired by a horse-laugh out of a nightmare, with the more realistic violence of other television series, where actors who look like human beings bleed paint that looks like blood, is like comparing Monopoly with the property market in London: both are fantasies, but one is meant to be taken seriously."[39]

The image of the TARDIS has become firmly linked to the show in the public's consciousness; BBC scriptwriter Anthony Coburn, who lived in the resort of Herne Bay, Kent, was one of the people who conceived the idea of a police box as a time machine.[41] In 1996, the BBC applied for a trade mark to use the TARDIS' blue police box design in merchandising associated with Doctor Who.[42] In 1998, the Metropolitan Police Authority filed an objection to the trade mark claim; but in 2002, the Patent Office ruled in favour of the BBC.[43]

The programme's broad appeal attracts audiences of children and families as well as science fiction fans.[44]

The 21st century revival of the programme has become the centrepiece of BBC One's Saturday schedule, and has "defined the channel".[45] Since its return, Doctor Who has consistently received high ratings, both in number of viewers and as measured by the Appreciation Index.[46] In 2007, Caitlin Moran, television reviewer for The Times, wrote that Doctor Who is, "quintessential to being British".[3] Director Steven Spielberg has commented that, "the world would be a poorer place without Doctor Who".[47]

On 4 August 2013, a live programme titled Doctor Who Live: The Next Doctor[48] was broadcast on BBC One, during which the actor who was going to play the Twelfth Doctor was revealed.[49] The live show was watched by an average of 6.27 million in the UK, and was also simulcast in the United States, Canada and Australia.[50][51]

Episodes

Doctor Who originally ran for 26 seasons on BBC One, from 23 November 1963 until 6 December 1989. During the original run, each weekly episode formed part of a story (or "serial") — usually of four to six parts in earlier years and three to four in later years. Some notable exceptions were: The Daleks' Master Plan, which aired twelve episodes (plus an earlier one-episode teaser,[52] "Mission to the Unknown", featuring none of the regular cast[53]); almost an entire season of seven-episode serials (season 7); the ten-episode serial The War Games;[54] and The Trial of a Time Lord, which ran for fourteen episodes (albeit divided into three production codes and four narrative segments) during season 23.[55] Occasionally serials were loosely connected by a story-line, such as season 8 focusing on the Doctor battling a rogue Time Lord called the Master,[56][57]season 16's quest for the Key to Time,[58]season 18's journey through E-Space and the theme of entropy,[59] and season 20's Black Guardian trilogy.[60]

The programme was intended to be educational and for family viewing on the early Saturday evening schedule.[61] It initially alternated stories set in the past, which taught younger audience members about history, and with those in the future or outer space, focusing on science.[61] This was also reflected in the Doctor's original companions, one of whom was a science teacher and another a history teacher.[61]

However, science fiction stories came to dominate the programme, and the history-orientated episodes, which were not popular with the production team,[61] were dropped after The Highlanders (1967). While the show continued to use historical settings, they were generally used as a backdrop for science fiction tales, with one exception: Black Orchid, set in 1920s England.[62]

The early stories were serialised in nature, with the narrative of one story flowing into the next, and each episode having its own title, although produced as distinct stories with their own production codes.[63] Following The Gunfighters (1966), however, each serial was given its own title, and the individual parts were simply assigned episode numbers.[63]

Of the programme's many writers, Robert Holmes was the most prolific,[64] while Douglas Adams became the most well-known outside Doctor Who itself, due to the popularity of his Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy works.[65][66]

The serial format changed for the 2005 revival, with a series usually consisting of thirteen 45-minute, self-contained episodes (60 minutes with adverts, on overseas commercial channels), and an extended 60-minute episode broadcast on Christmas Day. This system was shortened to twelve episodes and one Christmas special following the revival's eighth series. Each series includes both standalone and multiple episodic stories, linked with a loose story arc that is resolved in the series finale. As in the early "classic" era, each episode, whether standalone or part of a larger story, has its own title. Occasionally, regular-series episodes will exceed the 45-minute run time; notably, the episodes "Journey's End" from 2008 and "The Eleventh Hour" from 2010 exceeded an hour in length.

839 Doctor Who instalments have been televised since 1963, ranging between 25-minute episodes (the most common format for the classic era), 45-minute episodes (for Resurrection of the Daleks in the 1984 series, a single season in 1985, and the most common format for the revival era since 2005), two feature-length productions (1983's The Five Doctors and the 1996 television film), twelve Christmas specials (most of 60 minutes' duration, one of 72 minutes), and four additional specials ranging from 60 to 75 minutes in 2009, 2010 and 2013. Four mini-episodes, running about eight minutes each, were also produced for the 1993, 2005 and 2007 Children in Need charity appeals, while another mini-episode was produced in 2008 for a Doctor Who-themed edition of The Proms. The 1993 2-part story, entitled Dimensions in Time, was made in collaboration with the cast of the BBC soap-opera EastEnders and was filmed partly on the EastEnders set. A two-part mini-episode was also produced for the 2011 edition of Comic Relief. Starting with the 2009 special "Planet of the Dead", the series was filmed in 1080i for HDTV,[67] and broadcast simultaneously on BBC One and BBC HD.

To celebrate the 50th anniversary of the show, a special 3D episode, "The Day of the Doctor", was broadcast in 2013.[68] In March 2013, it was announced that Tennant and Piper would be returning,[69] and that the episode would have a limited cinematic release worldwide.[70]

In April 2015, Steven Moffat confirmed that Doctor Who would run for at least another five years, extending the show until 2020.[71]

Missing episodes

Between about 1967 and 1978, large amounts of older material stored in the BBC's various video tape and film libraries were either destroyed,[note 3]wiped, or suffered from poor storage which led to severe deterioration from broadcast quality. This included many old episodes of Doctor Who, mostly stories featuring the first two Doctors: William Hartnell and Patrick Troughton. In all, 97 of 253 episodes produced during the first six years of the programme are not held in the BBC's archives (most notably seasons 3, 4, & 5, from which 79 episodes are missing). In 1972, almost all episodes then made were known to exist at the BBC,[72] while by 1978 the practice of wiping tapes and destroying "spare" film copies had been brought to a stop.[73]

No 1960s episodes exist on their original videotapes (all surviving prints being film transfers), though some were transferred to film for editing before transmission, and exist in their broadcast form.[74]

Some episodes have been returned to the BBC from the archives of other countries who bought prints for broadcast, or by private individuals who acquired them by various means. Early colour videotape recordings made off-air by fans have also been retrieved, as well as excerpts filmed from the television screen onto 8 mm cine film and clips that were shown on other programmes. Audio versions of all of the lost episodes exist from home viewers who made tape recordings of the show. Short clips from every story with the exception of Marco Polo, "Mission to the Unknown" and The Massacre of St Bartholomew's Eve also exist.

In addition to these, there are off-screen photographs made by photographer John Cura, who was hired by various production personnel to document many of their programmes during the 1950s and 1960s, including Doctor Who. These have been used in fan reconstructions of the serials. These amateur reconstructions have been tolerated by the BBC, provided they are not sold for profit and are distributed as low-quality VHS copies.[75]

One of the most sought-after lost episodes is part four of the last William Hartnell serial, The Tenth Planet (1966), which ends with the First Doctor transforming into the Second. The only portion of this in existence, barring a few poor-quality silent 8 mm clips, is the few seconds of the regeneration scene, as it was shown on the children's magazine show Blue Peter.[76] With the approval of the BBC, efforts are now under way to restore as many of the episodes as possible from the extant material.

"Official" reconstructions have also been released by the BBC on VHS, on MP3 CD-ROM, and as special features on DVD. The BBC, in conjunction with animation studio Cosgrove Hall, reconstructed the missing episodes 1 and 4 of The Invasion (1968), using remastered audio tracks and the comprehensive stage notes for the original filming, for the serial's DVD release in November 2006. The missing episodes of The Reign of Terror were animated by animation company Theta-Sigma, in collaboration with Big Finish, and became available for purchase in May 2013 through Amazon.com.[77] Subsequent animations made in 2013 include The Tenth Planet, The Ice Warriors and The Moonbase.

In April 2006, Blue Peter launched a challenge to find missing Doctor Who episodes with the promise of a full-scale Dalek model as a reward.[78]

In December 2011, it was announced that part 3 of Galaxy 4 and part 2 of The Underwater Menace had been returned to the BBC by a fan who had purchased them in the mid-1980s without realising that the BBC did not hold copies of them.[79]

On 10 October 2013, the BBC announced that films of eleven episodes, including nine missing episodes, had been found in a Nigerian television relay station in Jos.[80] Six of the eleven films discovered were the six-part serial The Enemy of the World, from which all but the third episode had been missing.[81] The remaining films were from another six-part serial, The Web of Fear, and included the previously missing episodes 2, 4, 5, and 6. Episode 3 of The Web of Fear is still missing.[82]

Characters

The Doctor

The character of the Doctor was initially shrouded in mystery. All that was known about him in the programme's early days was that he was an eccentric alien traveller of great intelligence who battled injustice while exploring time and space in an unreliable time machine, the "TARDIS" (an acronym for time and relative dimension in space), which notably appears much larger on the inside than on the outside (a quality referred to as "dimensional transcendentality").[note 4][83]

The initially irascible and slightly sinister Doctor quickly mellowed into a more compassionate figure. It was eventually revealed that he had been on the run from his own people, the Time Lords of the planet Gallifrey.

Changes of appearance

Producers introduced the concept of regeneration to permit the recasting of the main character. This was first prompted by the poor health of the original star, William Hartnell. The actual term "regeneration" was not initially conceived of until the Doctor's third on-screen regeneration however; Hartnell's Doctor had merely described undergoing a "renewal," and the Second Doctor underwent a "change of appearance".[84][85] The device has allowed for the recasting of the actor various times in the show's history, as well as the depiction of alternative Doctors either from the Doctor's relative past or future.[citation needed]

The serials The Deadly Assassin and Mawdryn Undead would later establish that a Time Lord can only regenerate 12 times, for a total of 13 incarnations. This line became stuck in the public consciousness despite not often being repeated, and was recognised by producers of the show as a plot obstacle for when the show finally had to regenerate the Doctor a thirteenth time.[86][87] The episode "The Time of the Doctor" depicted the Doctor acquiring a new cycle of regenerations, starting from the Twelfth Doctor, due to the Eleventh Doctor being the product of the Doctor's twelfth regeneration from his original set.[88][89]

Although the idea of casting a woman as the Doctor has been floated by the show's writers several times, including by Newman in 1986 and Davies in 2008, all official depictions to date have been played by men.[90][91]Jodie Whittaker is set to take over the role as the Thirteenth Doctor at the end of the 2017 Christmas special, and will be the first woman to be cast as the character in the television series. Whittaker has previously starred in television series such as Return to Cranford, Broadchurch alongside David Tennant (Tenth Doctor) and the dystopian British anthology Black Mirror.[6] The show introduced the Time Lords' ability to change sexes on regeneration in earlier episodes, first in dialogue, then with Michelle Gomez's version of The Master.

Series lead Incarnation Tenure[note 5]
William Hartnell First Doctor 1963–66
Patrick Troughton Second Doctor 1966–69
Jon Pertwee Third Doctor 1970–74
Tom Baker Fourth Doctor 1974–81
Peter Davison Fifth Doctor 1982–84
Colin Baker Sixth Doctor 1984–86
Sylvester McCoy Seventh Doctor 1987–89[92][93][94]
Paul McGann Eighth Doctor 1996
Christopher Eccleston Ninth Doctor 2005
David Tennant Tenth Doctor 2005–10
Matt Smith Eleventh Doctor 2010–13
Peter Capaldi Twelfth Doctor 2014–present

In addition to those actors who have headlined the series, others have portrayed versions of the Doctor in guest roles. Notably, in 2013, John Hurt guest-starred as a hitherto unknown incarnation of the Doctor known as the War Doctor in the run-up to the show's 50th anniversary special "The Day of the Doctor".[95] He is shown in mini-episode "The Night of the Doctor" retroactively inserted into the show's fictional chronology between McGann and Eccleston's Doctors, although his introduction was written so as not to disturb the established numerical naming of the Doctors.[96] Another example is from the 1986 serial The Trial of a Time Lord, where Michael Jayston portrayed the Valeyard, who is described as an amalgamation of the darker sides of the Doctor's nature, somewhere between his twelfth and final incarnation.

On rare occasions, other actors have stood in for the lead. In The Five Doctors, Richard Hurndall played the First Doctor due to William Hartnell's death in 1975. In Time and the Rani, Sylvester McCoy briefly played the Sixth Doctor during the regeneration sequence, carrying on as the Seventh. For more information, see the list of actors who have played the Doctor. In other media, the Doctor has been played by various other actors, including Peter Cushing in two films.

The casting of a new Doctor has often inspired debate and speculation. Common topics of focus include the Doctor's sex (prior to the casting of Whittaker, all official incarnations were male), race (all Doctors to date have been white) and age (the youngest actor to be cast is Smith at 26, and the oldest are Capaldi and Hartnell, both 55).[97][98][99]

Meetings of different incarnations

There have been instances of actors returning at later dates to reprise the role of their specific Doctor. In 1973's The Three Doctors, William Hartnell and Patrick Troughton returned alongside Jon Pertwee. For 1983's The Five Doctors, Troughton and Pertwee returned to star with Peter Davison, and Tom Baker appeared in previously unseen footage from the uncompleted Shada episode. For this episode, Richard Hurndall replaced William Hartnell. Patrick Troughton again returned in 1985's The Two Doctors with Colin Baker. In 2007, Peter Davison returned in the Children in Need short "Time Crash" alongside David Tennant, and most recently in 2013's 50th anniversary special episode, "The Day of the Doctor", David Tennant's Tenth Doctor appeared alongside Matt Smith as the Eleventh Doctor and John Hurt as the War Doctor, as well as brief footage from all of the previous actors.[100] In 2017, the First Doctor (portrayed by David Bradley) returned alongside Peter Capaldi in "The Doctor Falls" and the upcoming Christmas special. In addition, the Doctor has occasionally encountered himself in the form of his own incarnation, from the near future or past. The First Doctor encounters himself in the story The Space Museum (albeit frozen and as an exhibit), the Third Doctor encounters and interacts with himself in the story Day of the Daleks, the Fourth Doctor encounters and interacts with another version of himself (the 'Watcher') in the story Logopolis, the Ninth Doctor observes a former version of his current incarnation in "Father's Day", and the Eleventh Doctor briefly comes face to face with himself in "The Big Bang". In "The Almost People" the Eleventh Doctor encounters a Flesh duplicate of himself. In "The Name of the Doctor", the Eleventh Doctor meets a previously unseen incarnation of himself, whom he refers to as his "secret" and who is subsequently revealed to be the War Doctor.[95]

Additionally, multiple Doctors have returned in further adventures together in audio dramas based on the series. Peter Davison, Colin Baker and Sylvester McCoy appeared together in the 1999 audio adventure The Sirens of Time. To celebrate the 40th anniversary in 2003, an audio drama titled Zagreus featuring Paul McGann, Colin Baker, Sylvester McCoy and Peter Davison was released with additional archive recordings of Jon Pertwee.[101] Again in 2003, Colin Baker and Sylvester McCoy appeared together in the audio adventure Project: Lazarus.[102] In 2010, Peter Davison, Colin Baker, Sylvester McCoy and Paul McGann came together again to record the audio drama The Four Doctors.

Revelations about the Doctor

Throughout the programme's long history, there have been revelations about the Doctor that have raised additional questions. In The Brain of Morbius (1976), it was hinted that the First Doctor may not have been the first incarnation (although the other faces depicted may have been incarnations of the Time Lord Morbius). In subsequent stories the First Doctor was depicted as the earliest incarnation of the Doctor. In Mawdryn Undead (1983), the Fifth Doctor explicitly confirmed that he was then currently in his fifth incarnation. Later that same year, during 1983's 20th Anniversary special The Five Doctors, the First Doctor enquires as to the Fifth Doctor's regeneration; when the Fifth Doctor confirms "Fourth", the First Doctor excitedly replies "Goodness me. So there are five of me now." In 2010, the Eleventh Doctor similarly calls himself "the Eleventh" in "The Lodger". In the 2013 episode "The Time of the Doctor," the Eleventh Doctor clarified he was the product of the twelfth regeneration, due to a previous incarnation which he chose not to count and one other aborted regeneration. The name Eleventh is still used for this incarnation; the same episode depicts the prophesied "Fall of the Eleventh" which had been trailed throughout the series.

During the Seventh Doctor's era, it was hinted that the Doctor was more than just an ordinary Time Lord. In the 1996 television film, the Eighth Doctor describes himself as being "half human".[103] The BBC's FAQ for the programme notes that "purists tend to disregard this",[104] instead focusing on his Gallifreyan heritage.

The programme's first serial, An Unearthly Child, shows that the Doctor has a granddaughter, Susan Foreman. In the 1967 serial, Tomb of the Cybermen, when Victoria Waterfield doubts the Doctor can remember his family because of, "being so ancient", the Doctor says that he can when he really wants to—"The rest of the time they sleep in my mind". The 2005 series reveals that the Ninth Doctor thought he was the last surviving Time Lord, and that his home planet had been destroyed; in "The Empty Child" (2005), Dr. Constantine states that, "Before the war even began, I was a father and a grandfather. Now I am neither." The Doctor remarks in response, "Yeah, I know the feeling." In "Smith and Jones" (2007), when asked if he had a brother, he replied, "No, not any more." In both "Fear Her" (2006) and "The Doctor's Daughter" (2008), he states that he had, in the past, been a father.

In "The Wedding of River Song" (2011), it is implied that the Doctor's true name is a secret that must never be revealed; this is explored further in "The Name of the Doctor" (2013), when River Song speaking his name allows the Great Intelligence to enter his tomb, and in "The Time of the Doctor" (2013) where speaking his true name becomes the signal by which the Time Lords would know they can safely return to the universe, an event opposed by many species.

Companions

The companion figure – generally a human – has been a constant feature in Doctor Who since the programme's inception in 1963. One of the roles of the companion is to remind the Doctor of his "moral duty".[105] The Doctor's first companions seen on screen were his granddaughter Susan Foreman (Carole Ann Ford) and her teachers Barbara Wright (Jacqueline Hill) and Ian Chesterton (William Russell). These characters were intended to act as audience surrogates, through which the audience would discover information about the Doctor who was to act as a mysterious father figure.[105] The only story from the original series in which the Doctor travels alone is The Deadly Assassin. Notable companions from the earlier series included Romana (Mary Tamm and Lalla Ward), a Time Lady; Sarah Jane Smith (Elisabeth Sladen); and Jo Grant (Katy Manning). Dramatically, these characters provide a figure with whom the audience can identify, and serve to further the story by requesting exposition from the Doctor and manufacturing peril for the Doctor to resolve. The Doctor regularly gains new companions and loses old ones; sometimes they return home or find new causes — or loves — on worlds they have visited. Some have died during the course of the series. Companions are usually human, or humanoid aliens.

Since the 2005 revival, the Doctor generally travels with a primary female companion, who occupies a larger narrative role. Steven Moffat described the companion as the main character of the show, as the story begins anew with each companion and she undergoes more change than the Doctor.[106][107] The primary companions of the Ninth and Tenth Doctors were Rose Tyler (Billie Piper), Martha Jones (Freema Agyeman), and Donna Noble (Catherine Tate) with Mickey Smith (Noel Clarke) and Jack Harkness (John Barrowman) recurring as secondary companion figures.[108] The Eleventh Doctor became the first to travel with a married couple, Amy Pond (Karen Gillan) and Rory Williams (Arthur Darvill), whilst out-of-sync meetings with River Song (Alex Kingston) and Clara Oswald (Jenna Coleman) provided ongoing story arcs. The tenth series introduced Pearl Mackie as Bill Potts, the Doctor's newest traveling companion.[109] Bill Potts is the Doctor's first openly gay companion. Pearl Mackie said that the increased representation for LGBTQ people is important on a mainstream show.[110]

Some companions have gone on to re-appear, either in the main series or in spin-offs. Sarah Jane Smith became the central character in The Sarah Jane Adventures (2007–11) following a return to Doctor Who in 2006. Guest stars in the series included former companions Jo Grant, K9, and Brigadier Lethbridge-Stewart (Nicholas Courtney). The character of Jack Harkness also served to launch a spin-off, Torchwood, (2006–2011) in which Martha Jones also appeared.

Adversaries

When Sydney Newman commissioned the series, he specifically did not want to perpetuate the cliché of the "bug-eyed monster" of science fiction.[111] However, monsters were popular with audiences and so became a staple of Doctor Who almost from the beginning.

With the show's 2005 revival, executive producer Russell T Davies stated his intention to reintroduce classic icons of Doctor Who.[112] The Autons with the Nestene Consciousness and Daleks returned in series 1, Cybermen in series 2, the Macra and the Master in series 3, the Sontarans and Davros in series 4, and the Time Lords including Rassilon in the 2009–10 Specials. Davies' successor, Steven Moffat, has continued the trend by reviving the Silurians in series 5, Cybermats in series 6, the Great Intelligence and the Ice Warriors in Series 7, and Zygons in the 50th Anniversary Special.[113] Since its 2005 return, the series has also introduced new recurring aliens: Slitheen (Raxacoricofallapatorian), Ood, Judoon, Weeping Angels and the Silence.

Besides infrequent appearances by the Ice Warriors, Ogrons, the Rani, and Black Guardian, three adversaries have become particularly iconic: the Daleks, the Cybermen, and the Master.

Daleks

The Dalek race, which first appeared in the show's second serial in 1963,[114] are Doctor Who's oldest villains. The Daleks are Kaleds from the planet Skaro, mutated by the scientist Davros and housed in mechanical armour shells for mobility. The actual creatures resemble octopi with large, pronounced brains. Their armour shells have a single eye-stalk, a sink-plunger-like device that serves the purpose of a hand, and a directed-energy weapon. Their main weakness is their eyestalk; attacks upon them using various weapons can blind a Dalek, making it go mad. Their chief role in the series plot, as they frequently remark in their instantly recognisable metallic voices, is to "exterminate" all non-Dalek beings. They even attack the Time Lords in the Time War, as shown during the 50th Anniversary of the show. They continue to be a recurring 'monster' within the Doctor Who franchise, their most recent appearances being in the 2015 episodes "The Witch's Familiar" and "Hell Bent". Davros has also been a recurring figure since his debut in Genesis of the Daleks, although played by several different actors.

The Daleks were created by writer Terry Nation (who intended them to be an allegory of the Nazis)[115] and BBC designer Raymond Cusick.[116] The Daleks' début in the programme's second serial, The Daleks (1963–64), made both the Daleks and Doctor Who very popular. A Dalek appeared on a postage stamp celebrating British popular culture in 1999, photographed by Lord Snowdon. In the new series, Daleks come in a range of colours; the colour denoting its role within the species.[citation needed]

In the 2012 episode "Asylum of the Daleks", many of the Dalek variants seen throughout the programme's history made an appearance.[117]

Cybermen

Cybermen were originally a wholly organic species of humanoids originating on Earth's twin planet Mondas that began to implant more and more artificial parts into their bodies. This led to the race becoming coldly logical and calculating cyborgs, with emotions usually only shown when naked aggression was called for. With the demise of Mondas, they acquired Telos as their new home planet. They continue to be a recurring 'monster' within the Doctor Who franchise.

The 2006 series introduced a totally new variation of Cybermen. These Cybus Cybermen were created in a parallel universe by the mad inventor John Lumic; he was attempting to preserve the humans by transplanting their brains into powerful metal bodies, sending them orders using a mobile phone network and inhibiting their emotions with an electronic chip.

The Master

The Master is the Doctor's archenemy, a renegade Time Lord who desires to rule the universe. Conceived as "Professor Moriarty to the Doctor's Sherlock Holmes",[118] the character first appeared in 1971. As with the Doctor, the role has been portrayed by several actors, since the Master is a Time Lord as well and able to regenerate; the first of these actors was Roger Delgado, who continued in the role until his death in 1973. The Master was briefly played by Peter Pratt and Geoffrey Beevers until Anthony Ainley took over and continued to play the character until Doctor Who's hiatus in 1989. The Master returned in the 1996 television movie of Doctor Who, and was played by American actor Eric Roberts.

Following the series revival in 2005, Derek Jacobi provided the character's re-introduction in the 2007 episode "Utopia". During that story the role was then assumed by John Simm who returned to the role multiple times through the Tenth Doctor's tenure.[119] As of the 2014 episode "Dark Water," it was revealed that the Master had become a female incarnation or "Time Lady," going by the name of "Missy" (short for Mistress, the feminine equivalent of "Master"). This incarnation is played by Michelle Gomez.

On 6 April 2017, the BBC confirmed that John Simm would be returning in his role as the Master in the tenth series.[120]

Music

Theme music

The Doctor Who theme music was one of the first electronic music signature tunes for television, and after five decades remains one of the most easily recognised. It has been often called both memorable and frightening, priming the viewer for what was to follow. During the 1970s, the Radio Times, the BBC's own listings magazine, announced that a child's mother said the theme music terrified her son. The Radio Times was apologetic, but the theme music remained.[citation needed]

The original theme was composed by Ron Grainer and realised by Delia Derbyshire of the BBC Radiophonic Workshop, with assistance from Dick Mills and was released as a single on Decca F 11837 in 1964. The various parts were built up using musique concrète techniques, by creating tape loops of an individually struck piano string and individual test oscillators and filters. The Derbyshire arrangement served, with minor edits, as the theme tune up to the end of season 17 (1979–80). It is regarded as a significant and innovative piece of electronic music, recorded well before the availability of commercial synthesisers or multitrack mixers. Each note was individually created by cutting, splicing, speeding up and slowing down segments of analogue tape containing recordings of a single plucked string, white noise, and the simple harmonic waveforms of test-tone oscillators, intended for calibrating equipment and rooms, not creating music. New techniques were invented to allow mixing of the music, as this was before the era of multitrack tape machines. On hearing the finished result, Grainer asked, "Did I write that?"[citation needed]

A different arrangement was recorded by Peter Howell for season 18 (1980), which was in turn replaced by Dominic Glynn's arrangement for the season-long serial The Trial of a Time Lord in season 23 (1986). Keff McCulloch provided the new arrangement for the Seventh Doctor's era which lasted from season 24 (1987) until the series' suspension in 1989. American composer John Debney created a new arrangement of Ron Grainer's original theme for Doctor Who in 1996. For the return of the series in 2005, Murray Gold provided a new arrangement which featured samples from the 1963 original with further elements added; in the 2005 Christmas episode "The Christmas Invasion", Gold introduced a modified closing credits arrangement that was used up until the conclusion of the 2007 series.[citation needed]

A new arrangement of the theme, once again by Gold, was introduced in the 2007 Christmas special episode, "Voyage of the Damned"; Gold returned as composer for the 2010 series.[121] He was responsible for a new version of the theme which was reported to have had a hostile reception from some viewers.[122] In 2011, the theme tune charted at number 228 of radio station Classic FM's Hall of Fame, a survey of classical music tastes. A revised version of Gold's 2010 arrangement had its debut over the opening titles of the 2012 Christmas special "The Snowmen", and a further revision of the arrangement was made for the 50th Anniversary special "The Day of the Doctor" in November 2013.[citation needed]

Versions of the "Doctor Who Theme" have also been released as pop music over the years. In the early 1970s, Jon Pertwee, who had played the Third Doctor, recorded a version of the Doctor Who theme with spoken lyrics, titled, "Who Is the Doctor".[note 6] In 1978 a disco version of the theme was released in the UK, Denmark and Australia by the group Mankind, which reached number 24 in the UK charts. In 1988 the band The Justified Ancients of Mu Mu (later known as The KLF) released the single "Doctorin' the Tardis" under the name The Timelords, which reached No. 1 in the UK and No. 2 in Australia; this version incorporated several other songs, including "Rock and Roll Part 2" by Gary Glitter (who recorded vocals for some of the CD-single remix versions of "Doctorin' the Tardis").[123] Others who have covered or reinterpreted the theme include Orbital,[123]Pink Floyd,[123] the Australian string ensemble Fourplay, New Zealand punk band Blam Blam Blam, The Pogues, Thin Lizzy, Dub Syndicate, and the comedians Bill Bailey and Mitch Benn. Both the theme and obsessive fans were satirised on The Chaser's War on Everything. The theme tune has also appeared on many compilation CDs, and has made its way into mobile-phone ringtones. Fans have also produced and distributed their own remixes of the theme. In January 2011 the Mankind version was released as a digital download on the album Gallifrey And Beyond.

Incidental music

Most of the innovative incidental music for Doctor Who has been specially commissioned from freelance composers, although in the early years some episodes also used stock music, as well as occasional excerpts from original recordings or cover versions of songs by popular music acts such as The Beatles and The Beach Boys. Since its 2005 return, the series has featured occasional use of excerpts of pop music from the 1970s to the 2000s.

The incidental music for the first Doctor Who adventure, An Unearthly Child, was written by Norman Kay. Many of the stories of the William Hartnell period were scored by electronic music pioneer Tristram Cary, whose Doctor Who credits include The Daleks, Marco Polo, The Daleks' Master Plan, The Gunfighters and The Mutants. Other composers in this early period included Richard Rodney Bennett, Carey Blyton and Geoffrey Burgon.

The most frequent musical contributor during the first 15 years was Dudley Simpson, who is also well known for his theme and incidental music for Blake's 7, and for his haunting theme music and score for the original 1970s version of The Tomorrow People. Simpson's first Doctor Who score was Planet of Giants (1964) and he went on to write music for many adventures of the 1960s and 1970s, including most of the stories of the Jon Pertwee/Tom Baker periods, ending with The Horns of Nimon (1979). He also made a cameo appearance in The Talons of Weng-Chiang (as a Music hall conductor).

In 1980 starting with the serial The Leisure Hive the task of creating incidental music was assigned to the Radiophonic Workshop. Paddy Kingsland and Peter Howell contributed many scores in this period and other contributors included Roger Limb, Malcolm Clarke and Jonathan Gibbs.

The Radiophonic Workshop was dropped after 1986's The Trial of a Time Lord series, and Keff McCulloch took over as the series' main composer until the end of its run, with Dominic Glynn and Mark Ayres also contributing scores.

All the incidental music for the 2005 revived series has been composed by Murray Gold and Ben Foster and has been performed by the BBC National Orchestra of Wales from the 2005 Christmas episode "The Christmas Invasion" onwards. A concert featuring the orchestra performing music from the first two series took place on 19 November 2006 to raise money for Children in Need. David Tennant hosted the event, introducing the different sections of the concert. Murray Gold and Russell T Davies answered questions during the interval and Daleks and Cybermen appeared whilst music from their stories was played. The concert aired on BBCi on Christmas Day 2006. A Doctor Who Prom was celebrated on 27 July 2008 in the Royal Albert Hall as part of the annual BBC Proms. The BBC Philharmonic and the London Philharmonic Choir performed Murray Gold's compositions for the series, conducted by Ben Foster, as well as a selection of classics based on the theme of space and time. The event was presented by Freema Agyeman and guest-presented by various other stars of the show with numerous monsters participating in the proceedings. It also featured the specially filmed mini-episode "Music of the Spheres", written by Russell T Davies and starring David Tennant.[124]

Six soundtrack releases have been released since 2005. The first featured tracks from the first two series,[125] the second and third featured music from the third and fourth series respectively. The fourth was released on 4 October 2010 as a two disc special edition and contained music from the 2008–2010 specials (The Next Doctor to End of Time Part 2).[126][127] The soundtrack for Series 5 was released on 8 November 2010.[128] In February 2011, a soundtrack was released for the 2010 Christmas special: "A Christmas Carol",[129] and in December 2011 the soundtrack for Series 6 was released, both by Silva Screen Records.[130]

In 2013, a 50th-anniversary boxed set of audio CDs was released featuring music and sound effects from Doctor Who’s 50-year history. The celebration continued in 2016 with the release of Doctor Who: The 50th Anniversary Collection Four LP Box Set by New York City-based Spacelab9. The company pressed 1,000 copies of the set on "Metallic Silver" vinyl, dubbed the "Cyberman Edition".[131]

Viewership

United Kingdom

The image of the TARDIS is iconic in British popular culture.

Premiering the day after the assassination of John F. Kennedy, the first episode of Doctor Who was repeated with the second episode the following week. Doctor Who has always appeared initially on the BBC's mainstream BBC One channel, where it is regarded as a family show, drawing audiences of many millions of viewers; episodes were also repeated on BBC Three, before its transition to an online-only channel . The programme's popularity has waxed and waned over the decades, with three notable periods of high ratings.[132] The first of these was the "Dalekmania" period (circa 1964–1965), when the popularity of the Daleks regularly brought Doctor Who ratings of between 9 and 14 million, even for stories which did not feature them.[132][133] The second was the mid to late 1970s, when Tom Baker occasionally drew audiences of over 12 million.[132]

An audience survey during the 1970s revealed that at the time 60% of the viewership were adults.[citation needed]

During the ITV network strike of 1979, viewership peaked at 16 million.[citation needed] Figures remained respectable into the 1980s, but fell noticeably after the programme's 23rd series was postponed in 1985 and the show was off the air for 18 months. At the time of Season 19's broadcast in 1982 the show was being watched by a global audience of 98 million, 88 million in 38 foreign countries, and an average of ten million in the United Kingdom.[citation needed]

Its late 1980s performance of three to five million viewers was seen as poor at the time and was, according to the BBC Board of Control, a leading cause of the programme's 1989 suspension. Some fans considered this disingenuous, since the programme was scheduled against the soap opera Coronation Street, the most popular show at the time.[citation needed] After the series' revival in 2005 (the third notable period of high ratings), it has consistently had high viewership levels for the evening on which the episode is broadcast.[132]

The BBC One broadcast of "Rose", the first episode of the 2005 revival, drew an average audience of 10.81 million, third highest for BBC One that week and seventh across all channels.[132][134][135] The current revival also garners the highest audience Appreciation Index of any drama on television.[136]

International

Map of countries that have or currently broadcast Doctor Who in either its current or classic incarnation (map correct as of October 2014)

Doctor Who has been broadcast internationally outside of the United Kingdom since 1964, a year after the show first aired. As of 1 January 2013, the modern series has been or is currently broadcast weekly in more than 50 countries.[citation needed]

Doctor Who is one of the five top grossing titles for BBC Worldwide, the BBC's commercial arm.[137] BBC Worldwide CEO John Smith has said that Doctor Who is one of a small number of "Superbrands" which Worldwide will promote heavily.[138]

Only four episodes have ever had their premiere showings on channels other than BBC One. The 1983 20th anniversary special The Five Doctors had its début on 23 November (the actual date of the anniversary) on a number of PBS stations two days prior to its BBC One broadcast. The 1988 story Silver Nemesis was broadcast with all three episodes airing back to back on TVNZ in New Zealand in November, after the first episode had been shown in the UK but before the final two instalments had aired there. Finally, the 1996 television film premiered on 12 May 1996 on CITV in Edmonton, Canada, 15 days before the BBC One showing, and two days before it aired on Fox in the United States.[citation needed]

Oceania

New Zealand was the first country outside the United Kingdom to screen Doctor Who, beginning in September 1964, and continued to screen the series for many years, including the new series from 2005.[citation needed]

In Australia, the show has had a strong fan base since its inception, having been exclusively first run by the Australian Broadcasting Corporation (ABC) since January 1965. The ABC has periodically repeated episodes; of note were the weekly screenings of all available classic episodes starting in 2003, for the show's 40th anniversary, and the weekdaily screenings of all available revived episodes in 2013 for the show's 50th anniversary. The ABC broadcasts the modern series first run on ABC1 and ABC ME, with repeats on ABC2. The ABC also provided partial funding for the 20th anniversary special The Five Doctors in 1983.[citation needed]

Americas

The series also has a fan base in the United States, where it was shown in syndication from the 1970s to the 1990s, particularly on PBS stations.[citation needed]

TVOntario picked up the show in 1976 beginning with The Three Doctors and aired each series (several years late) through to series 24 in 1991. From 1979 to 1981, TVO airings were bookended by science-fiction writer Judith Merril who would introduce the episode and then, after the episode concluded, try to place it in an educational context in keeping with TVO's status as an educational channel. Its airing of The Talons of Weng-Chiang was cancelled as a result of accusations that the story was racist; the story was later broadcast in the 1990s on cable station YTV. CBC began showing the series again in 2005. The series moved to the Canadian cable channel Space in 2009.[citation needed]

For the Canadian broadcast, Christopher Eccleston recorded special video introductions for each episode (including a trivia question as part of a viewer contest) and excerpts from the Doctor Who Confidential documentary were played over the closing credits; for the broadcast of "The Christmas Invasion" on 26 December 2005, Billie Piper recorded a special video introduction. CBC began airing series two on 9 October 2006 at 20:00 E/P (20:30 in Newfoundland and Labrador), shortly after that day's CFL double header on Thanksgiving in most of the country.[citation needed]

Series three began broadcasting on CBC on 18 June 2007 followed by the second Christmas special, "The Runaway Bride" at midnight,[139] and the Sci Fi Channel began on 6 July 2007 starting with the second Christmas special at 8:00 pm E/P followed by the first episode.[140]

Series four aired in the United States on the Sci Fi Channel (now known as Syfy), beginning in April 2008.[141] It aired on CBC beginning 19 September 2008, although the CBC did not air the Voyage of the Damned special.[142] The Canadian cable network Space broadcast "The Next Doctor" (in March 2009) and all subsequent series and specials.[143]

DVD and video

A wide selection of serials are available from BBC Video on DVD, on sale in the United Kingdom, Australia, Canada and the United States. Every fully extant serial has been released on VHS, and BBC Worldwide continues to regularly release serials on DVD. The 2005 series is also available in its entirety on UMD for the PlayStation Portable. Eight original series serials have been released on Laserdisc[144] and many have also been released on Betamax tape and Video 2000. One episode of Doctor Who (The Infinite Quest) was released on VCD. Only the series from 2009 onwards are available on Blu-ray, except for the 1970 story Spearhead from Space, released in July 2013 and the 1996 TV film Doctor Who released in September 2016.[145] Many early releases have been re-released as special editions, with more bonus features.[citation needed]

Adaptations and other appearances

Doctor Who films

There are two Doctor Who feature films: Dr. Who and the Daleks, released in 1965 and Daleks – Invasion Earth: 2150 A.D. in 1966. Both are retellings of existing television stories (specifically, the first two Dalek serials, The Daleks and The Dalek Invasion of Earth respectively) with a larger budget and alterations to the series concept.

In these films, Peter Cushing plays a human scientist[146] named "Dr. Who", who travels with his granddaughter and niece and other companions in a time machine he has invented. The Cushing version of the character reappears in both comic strips and a short story, the latter attempting to reconcile the film continuity with that of the series.

In addition, several planned films were proposed, including a sequel, The Chase, loosely based on the original series story, for the Cushing Doctor, plus many attempted television movie and big screen productions to revive the original Doctor Who, after the original series was cancelled.

Paul McGann starred in the only television film as the eighth incarnation of the Doctor. After the film, he continued the role in audio books and was confirmed as the eighth incarnation through flashback footage and a mini episode in the 2005 revival, effectively linking the two series and the television movie.

In 2011, David Yates announced that he had started work with the BBC on a Doctor Who film, a project that would take three or more years to complete. Yates indicated that the film would take a different approach to Doctor Who,[147] although the current Doctor Who showrunner Steven Moffat stated later that any such film would not be a reboot of the series and a film should be made by the BBC team and star the current TV Doctor.[148][149]

Spin-offs

Doctor Who has appeared on stage numerous times. In the early 1970s, Trevor Martin played the role in Doctor Who and the Daleks in the Seven Keys to Doomsday. In the late 1980s, Jon Pertwee and Colin Baker both played the Doctor at different times during the run of a play titled Doctor Who – The Ultimate Adventure. For two performances, while Pertwee was ill, David Banks (better known for playing Cybermen) played the Doctor. Other original plays have been staged as amateur productions, with other actors playing the Doctor, while Terry Nation wrote The Curse of the Daleks, a stage play mounted in the late 1960s, but without the Doctor.

A pilot episode ("A Girl's Best Friend") for a potential spinoff series, K-9 and Company, was aired in 1981 with Elisabeth Sladen reprising her role as companion Sarah Jane Smith and John Leeson as the voice of K9, but was not picked up as a regular series.

Concept art for an animated Doctor Who series was produced by animation company Nelvana in the 1980s, but the series was not produced.[150]

Following the success of the 2005 series produced by Russell T Davies, the BBC commissioned Davies to produce a 13-part spin-off series titled Torchwood (an anagram of "Doctor Who"), set in modern-day Cardiff and investigating alien activities and crime. The series debuted on BBC Three on 22 October 2006.[151]John Barrowman reprised his role of Jack Harkness from the 2005 series of Doctor Who.[152] Two other actresses who appeared in Doctor Who also star in the series; Eve Myles as Gwen Cooper, who also played the similarly named servant girl Gwyneth in the 2005 Doctor Who episode "The Unquiet Dead",[153] and Naoko Mori who reprised her role as Toshiko Sato first seen in "Aliens of London". A second series of Torchwood aired in 2008; for three episodes, the cast was joined by Freema Agyeman reprising her Doctor Who role of Martha Jones. A third series was broadcast from 6 to 10 July 2009, and consisted of a single five-part story called Children of Earth which was set largely in London. A fourth series, Torchwood: Miracle Day jointly produced by BBC Wales, BBC Worldwide and the American entertainment company Starz debuted in 2011. The series was predominantly set in the United States, though Wales remained part of the show's setting.

The Sarah Jane Adventures, starring Elisabeth Sladen who reprised her role as investigative journalist Sarah Jane Smith, was developed by CBBC; a special aired on New Year's Day 2007 and a full series began on 24 September 2007.[154] A second series followed in 2008, notable for (as noted above) featuring the return of Brigadier Lethbridge-Stewart. A third in 2009 featured a crossover appearance from the main show by David Tennant as the Tenth Doctor. In 2010, a further such appearance featured Matt Smith as the Eleventh Doctor alongside former companion actress Katy Manning reprising her role as Jo Grant. A final, three-story fifth series was transmitted in autumn 2011 – uncompleted due to the death of Elisabeth Sladen in early 2011.

An animated serial, The Infinite Quest, aired alongside the 2007 series of Doctor Who as part of the children's television series Totally Doctor Who. The serial featured the voices of series regulars David Tennant and Freema Agyeman but is not considered part of the 2007 series.[155] A second animated serial, Dreamland, aired in six parts on the BBC Red Button service, and the official Doctor Who website in 2009.[156]

Class, featuring students of Coal Hill School, was first aired on-line on BBC Three from 22 October 2016, as a series of eight 45 minute episodes, written by Patrick Ness.[157][158] Peter Capaldi as the Twelfth Doctor appears in the show's first episode.[159] The series was picked up by BBC America on 8 January 2016 and by BBC One a day later.[160] On 7 September 2017, BBC Three controller Damian Kavanagh confirmed that the series had officially been cancelled.[161]

Numerous other spin-off series have been created not by the BBC but by the respective owners of the characters and concepts. Such spin-offs include the novel and audio drama series Faction Paradox, Iris Wildthyme and Bernice Summerfield; as well as the made-for-video series P.R.O.B.E.; the Australian-produced television series K-9, which aired a 26-episode first season on Disney XD;[162] and the audio spin-off Counter-Measures.[163]

Aftershows

When the revived series of Doctor Who was brought back, an aftershow series was created by the BBC, titled Doctor Who Confidential. There have been three aftershow series created, with the latest one titled Doctor Who: The Fan Show, which began airing from the tenth series. Each series follows behind-the-scenes footage on the making of Doctor Who through clips and interviews with the cast, production crew and other people, including those who have participated in the television series in some manner. Each episode deals with a different topic, and in most cases refers to the Doctor Who episode that preceded it.

Series Episodes First aired Last aired Narrator / Presenter
Doctor Who Confidential 87 26 March 2005 1 October 2011 David Tennant (2005)
Simon Pegg (2005)
Mark Gatiss (2005–06)
Anthony Head (2006–10)
Noel Clarke (2009)
Alex Price (2010)
Russell Tovey (2010–11)
Doctor Who Extra 90 23 August 2014 5 December 2015 Matt Botten
Rufus Hound
Matt Lucas
Charity Wakefield
Doctor Who: The Fan Show 12 15 April 2017 present Christel Dee (Main host)
Luke Spillane (co-host)

Charity episodes

In 1983, coinciding with the series' 20th anniversary, The Five Doctors was shown as part of the annual BBC Children in Need Appeal, however it was not a charity based production, simply scheduled within the line-up of Friday 25 November 1983. This was the programme's very first co-production with Australian broadcaster ABC.[164] Featuring three of the first five Doctors, a new actor to replace the deceased William Hartnell, and unused footage to represent Tom Baker.[165] This was a full-length, 90-minute film, the longest single episode of Doctor Who produced to date (the television movie ran slightly longer on broadcast where it included commercial breaks).[166][167]

In 1993, for the franchise's 30th anniversary, another charity special, titled Dimensions in Time was produced for Children in Need, featuring all of the surviving actors who played the Doctor and a number of previous companions. It also featured a crossover with the soap opera EastEnders, the action taking place in the latter's Albert Square location and around Greenwich. The special was one of several special 3D programmes the BBC produced at the time, using a 3D system that made use of the Pulfrich effect requiring glasses with one darkened lens; the picture would look normal to those viewers who watched without the glasses.

In 1999, another special, Doctor Who and the Curse of Fatal Death, was made for Comic Relief and later released on VHS. An affectionate parody of the television series, it was split into four segments, mimicking the traditional serial format, complete with cliffhangers, and running down the same corridor several times when being chased (the version released on video was split into only two episodes). In the story, the Doctor (Rowan Atkinson) encounters both the Master (Jonathan Pryce) and the Daleks. During the special the Doctor is forced to regenerate several times, with his subsequent incarnations played by, in order, Richard E. Grant, Jim Broadbent, Hugh Grant and Joanna Lumley. The script was written by Steven Moffat, later to be head writer and executive producer to the revived series.[17]

Since the return of Doctor Who in 2005, the franchise has produced two original "mini-episodes" to support Children in Need. The first, aired in November 2005, was an untitled seven-minute scene which introduced David Tennant as the Tenth Doctor. It was followed in November 2007 by "Time Crash", a 7-minute scene which featured the Tenth Doctor meeting the Fifth Doctor (played once again by Peter Davison).

A set of two mini-episodes, titled "Space" and "Time" respectively, were produced to support Comic Relief. They were aired during the Comic Relief 2011 event.[168]

During 2011 Children in Need, an exclusively-filmed segment showed the Doctor addressing the viewer, attempting to persuade them to purchase items of his clothing, which were going up for auction for Children in Need. The 2012 edition of CiN featured the mini-episode The Great Detective.

Spoofs and cultural references

Doctor Who has been satirised and spoofed on many occasions by comedians including Spike Milligan (a Dalek invades his bathroom — Milligan, naked, hurls a soap sponge at it) and Lenny Henry. Jon Culshaw frequently impersonates the Fourth Doctor in the BBC Dead Ringers series.[169]Doctor Who fandom has also been lampooned on programs such as Saturday Night Live, The Chaser's War on Everything, Mystery Science Theater 3000, Family Guy, American Dad!, Futurama, South Park, Community as Inspector Spacetime, The Simpsons and The Big Bang Theory.

The Doctor in his fourth incarnation has been represented on several episodes of The Simpsons[170] and Matt Groening's other animated series Futurama.[171][172]

There have also been many references to Doctor Who in popular culture and other science fiction, including Star Trek: The Next Generation ("The Neutral Zone")[173] and Leverage. In the Channel 4 series Queer as Folk (created by later Doctor Who executive producer Russell T. Davies), the character of Vince was portrayed as an avid Doctor Who fan, with references appearing many times throughout in the form of clips from the programme. In a similar manner, the character of Oliver on Coupling (created and written by current show runner Steven Moffat) is portrayed as a Doctor Who collector and enthusiast. References to Doctor Who have also appeared in the young adult fantasy novels Brisingr[174] and High Wizardry,[175] the video game Rock Band,[176] the soap opera EastEnders,[177] the Adult Swim comedy show Robot Chicken, the Family Guy episodes "Blue Harvest" and "420", and the game RuneScape. It has also be referenced in Destroy All Humans! 2, by civilians in the game's variation of England,[178] and in Apollo Justice: Ace Attorney.[179]

Doctor Who has been a reference in several political cartoons, from a 1964 cartoon in the Daily Mail depicting Charles de Gaulle as a Dalek[180] to a 2008 edition of This Modern World by Tom Tomorrow in which the Tenth Doctor informs an incredulous character from 2003 that the Democratic Party will nominate an African-American as its presidential candidate.[181]

The word "TARDIS" is an entry in the Shorter Oxford English Dictionary[182] and the iOS dictionary.

As part of the 50th anniversary programmes, former Fifth Doctor Peter Davison directed, wrote and co-starred in the parody The Five(ish) Doctors Reboot, which also starred two other former Doctors, Colin Baker and Sylvester McCoy, and cameo appearances from cast and crew involved in the programme, including showrunner Steven Moffat and Doctors Paul McGann, David Tennant and Matt Smith.[183] The special was made available on the BBC's Red Button service and follows Davison, Baker and McCoy attempting to appear in The Day of the Doctor.[184]

Museums and exhibitions

There have been various exhibitions of Doctor Who in the United Kingdom, including the now closed exhibitions at:

The exhibition closed down on the 9th of September 2017

Merchandise

Since its beginnings, Doctor Who has generated hundreds of products related to the show, from toys and games to collectible picture cards and postage stamps. These include board games, card games, gamebooks, computer games, roleplaying games, action figures and a pinball game. Many games have been released that feature the Daleks, including Dalek computer games.

Audios

The earliest Doctor Who-related audio release was a 21-minute narrated abridgement of the First Doctor television story The Chase released in 1966. Ten years later, the first original Doctor Who audio was released on LP record; Doctor Who and the Pescatons featuring the Fourth Doctor. The first commercially available audiobook was an abridged reading of the Fourth Doctor story State of Decay in 1981. In 1988, during a hiatus in the television show, Slipback, the first radio drama, was transmitted.

Since 1999, Big Finish Productions has released several different series of Doctor Who audios on CD. The earliest of these featured the Fifth, Sixth and Seventh Doctors, with Paul McGann's Eight Doctor joining the line in 2001. Tom Baker's Fourth Doctor began appearing for Big Finish in 2012. Along with the main range, adventures of the First, Second and Third Doctors have been produced in both limited cast and full cast formats, as well as audiobooks. The 2013 series Destiny of the Doctor, produced as part of the series' 50th Anniversary celebrations, marked the first time Big Finish created stories (in this case audiobooks) featuring the Doctors from the revived show. Along with this, in May 2016 the Tenth Doctor, David Tennant, appeared alongside Cathrine Tate in a collection of three audio adventures.

In addition to these main lines, both the BBC and Big Finish have produced original audio dramas and audiobooks based on spin-off material, such as Torchwood and The Sarah Jane Adventures series.

Books

Doctor Who books have been published from the mid-sixties through to the present day. From 1965 to 1991 the books published were primarily novelised adaptations of broadcast episodes; beginning in 1991 an extensive line of original fiction was launched, the Virgin New Adventures and Virgin Missing Adventures. Since the relaunch of the programme in 2005, a new range of novels have been published by BBC Books. Numerous non-fiction books about the series, including guidebooks and critical studies, have also been published, and a dedicated Doctor Who Magazine with newsstand circulation has been published regularly since 1979. This is published by Panini, as is the Doctor Who Adventures magazine for younger fans.

See also:

Video games

Numerous Doctor Who video games have been created from the mid-80s through to the present day. One of the recent ones is a match-3 game released in November 2013 for iOS, Android, Amazon App Store and Facebook called Doctor Who: Legacy. It has been constantly updated since its release and features all of the Doctors as playable characters as well as over 100 companions.[187]

Another video game instalment is LEGO Dimensions – in which Doctor Who is one of the many "Level Packs" in the game. At the moment, the pack contains the Twelfth Doctor (who can reincarnate into the others), K9, the TARDIS and a Victorian London adventure level area. The game and pack released in November 2015.

Chronology and canonicity

Since the creation of the Doctor Who character by BBC Television in the early 1960s, a myriad of stories have been published about Doctor Who, in different media: apart from the actual television episodes that continue to be produced by the BBC, there have also been novels, comics, short stories, audio books, radio plays, interactive video games, game books, webcasts, DVD extras, and even stage performances. In this respect it is noteworthy that the BBC takes no position on the canonicity of any of such stories, and producers of the show have expressed distaste for the idea.[188]

Awards

The show has received recognition as one of Britain's finest television programmes, winning the 2006 British Academy Television Award for Best Drama Series and five consecutive (2005–2010) awards at the National Television Awards during Russell T Davies' tenure as executive producer.[189][190] In 2011, Matt Smith became the first Doctor to be nominated for a BAFTA Television Award for Best Actor and in 2016, Michelle Gomez became the first female to receive a BAFTA nomination for the series, getting a Best Supporting Actress nomination for her work as Missy.

Matt Smith, Jenna Louise Coleman and Steven Moffat accepting an award for Doctor Who

In 2013, the Peabody Awards honoured Doctor Who with an Institutional Peabody "for evolving with technology and the times like nothing else in the known television universe."[191] The programme is listed in Guinness World Records as the longest-running science fiction television show in the world,[192] the "most successful" science fiction series of all time—based on its over-all broadcast ratings, DVD and book sales, and iTunes traffic—[193] and for the largest ever simulcast of a TV drama with its 50th anniversary special.[194] During its original run, it was recognised for its imaginative stories, creative low-budget special effects, and pioneering use of electronic music (originally produced by the BBC Radiophonic Workshop).

In 1975, Season 11 of the series won a Writers' Guild of Great Britain award for Best Writing in a Children's Serial. In 1996, BBC television held the "Auntie Awards" as the culmination of their "TV60" series, celebrating 60 years of BBC television broadcasting, where Doctor Who was voted as the "Best Popular Drama" the corporation had ever produced, ahead of such ratings heavyweights as EastEnders and Casualty.[195] In 2000, Doctor Who was ranked third in a list of the 100 Greatest British Television Programmes of the 20th century, produced by the British Film Institute and voted on by industry professionals.[196] In 2005, the series came first in a survey by SFX magazine of "The Greatest UK Science Fiction and Fantasy Television Series Ever". Also, in the 100 Greatest Kids' TV shows (a Channel 4 countdown in 2001), the 1963–1989 run was placed at number eight.

The revived series has received recognition from critics and the public, across various awards ceremonies. It won five BAFTA TV Awards, including Best Drama Series, the highest-profile and most prestigious British television award for which the series has ever been nominated.[197] It was very popular at the BAFTA Cymru Awards, with 25 wins overall including Best Drama Series (twice), Best Screenplay/Screenwriter (thrice) and Best Actor.[198] It was also nominated for 7 Saturn Awards, winning the only Best International Series in the ceremony's history. In 2009, Doctor Who was voted the 3rd greatest show of the 2000s by Channel 4, behind Top Gear and The Apprentice.[199] The episode "Vincent and the Doctor" was shortlisted for a Mind Award at the 2010 Mind Mental Health Media Awards for its "touching" portrayal of Vincent van Gogh.[200]

It has won the Short Form of the Hugo Award for Best Dramatic Presentation, the oldest science fiction/fantasy award for films and series, six times since 2006. The winning episodes were "The Empty Child"/"The Doctor Dances" (2006), "The Girl in the Fireplace" (2007), "Blink" (2008), "The Waters of Mars" (2010), "The Pandorica Opens"/"The Big Bang" (2011), and "The Doctor's Wife" (2012).[201][202][203][204] The 2016 Christmas special "The Return of Doctor Mysterio" is also a finalists for the 2017 Hugo Awards.[205] Doctor Who star Matt Smith won Best Actor in the 2012 National Television awards alongside Karen Gillan who won Best Actress. Doctor Who has been nominated for over 200 awards and has won over a hundred of them.

As a British series, the majority of its nominations and awards have been for national competitions such as the BAFTAs, but it has occasionally received nominations in mainstream American awards, most notably a nomination for "Favorite Sci-Fi Show" in the 2008 People's Choice Awards and the series has been nominated multiple times in the Spike Scream Awards, with Smith winning Best Science Fiction Actor in 2011. The Canadian Constellation Awards have also recognised the series.

Notes

  1. ^ Newman is often given sole creator credit for the series. Some reference works such as The Complete Encyclopedia of Television Programs 1947–1979 by Vincent Terrace erroneously credit Terry Nation with creating Doctor Who, because of the way his name is credited in the two Peter Cushing films.[citation needed]
    Newman and Lambert's role in originating the series was recognised in the 2007 episode "Human Nature", in which the Doctor, in disguise as a human named John Smith, gives his parents' names as Sydney and Verity.[citation needed]
  2. ^ This is often emphasised in the accompanying making-of documentaries in the series Doctor Who Confidential, as well as in occasional flashbacks to images of earlier versions of the Doctor.
  3. ^ The tapes, based on a 405-line broadcast standard, were rendered obsolete when UK television changed to a 625-line signal in preparation for the soon-to-begin colour transmissions.
  4. ^ When it became an entry in the Oxford English Dictionary, the word "TARDIS" often came to be used to describe anything that appeared larger on the inside than its exterior implied.
  5. ^ Earlier incarnations of the Doctor have occasionally appeared with the then current incarnation in later plots. The First and Second Doctors appeared in the 1973 Third Doctor story, The Three Doctors; the First, Second, Third and Fourth appeared in the 1983 Fifth Doctor story, The Five Doctors; the Second appeared with the Sixth in the 1985 story, The Two Doctors; the Fifth appeared with the Tenth in the 2007 mini-episode, "Time Crash"; the Eighth Doctor returned in the 2013 mini-episode "The Night of the Doctor"; the Tenth appeared with the Eleventh in the 2013 episode "The Day of the Doctor"; and the First appeared with the Twelfth in the 2017 episode "The Doctor Falls" and the upcoming Christmas special.
  6. ^ Often mistitled "I am the Doctor" on YouTube uploads. Originally released as a 7" vinyl single, plain sleeve, December 1972 on label Purple PUR III

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  156. ^ "Wire star set for Dr Who cartoon". BBC News. 9 October 2009. Retrieved 6 January 2010. 
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Cited texts

Further reading

  • Matt Hills. Triumph of a Time Lord: Regenerating "Doctor Who" in the Twenty-First Century (I.B. Tauris, 2010) 261 pages. Discusses the revival of the BBC's Doctor Who in 2005 after it had been off the air as a regular series for more than 15 years; topics include the role of "fandom" in the sci-fi programme's return, and notions of "cult" and "mainstream" in television.
  • Tabloid Bintang Indonesia, Doctor Who Pengganti Chalkzone
  • Majalah GADIS, Kenalan Bareng Doctor Who, Ketemu Bareng 1st–11th Doctor

External links

Official websites

Past official BBC websites

Reference websites

source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Doctor_Who

Doctor Who is a British science fiction television programme produced by the BBC. As of 1 July 2017,[update] 839 episodes of Doctor Who have aired, concluding the tenth series. This includes one television movie and multiple specials, and encompasses 275 stories over 36 seasons. Additionally, four charity specials and two animated serials have also been aired. The programme's high episode count has resulted in Doctor Who holding the world record for the highest number of episodes of a science-fiction programme.[1] In June 2017, it was announced that due to the terms of a deal between BBC Worldwide and SMG Pictures in China, the company has first right of refusal on the purchase for the Chinese market of future series of the programme until and including Series 15.[2][3]

Doctor Who ceased airing in 1989 and began again in 2005. Each story in the original series (1963–1989) is a multi-episode serial, with two exceptions: the 1965 cutaway episode "Mission to the Unknown", and the 20th anniversary story The Five Doctors. During the early seasons of the programme, and occasionally through its run, most serials were linked together; usually one story would lead directly into the next. Starting with the 2005 revival, the production team abandoned the traditional serial format for a largely self-contained episodic format with occasional multi-part stories and loose story arcs.

Due to the BBC's 1970s junking policy, 97 episodes from the 1960s are missing, with the result that 26 serials are incomplete, although all of these still exist as audio recordings, and some have been reconstructed. In the first two seasons and most of the third, each episode of a serial had an individual title; no serial had an overall on-screen title until The Savages. The serial titles given below are the most common title for the serials as a whole, used in sources such as the Doctor Who Reference Guide and the BBC's classic episode guide, and are generally those used for commercial release. The practice of individually titled episodes resurfaced with the show's 2005 revival, when Doctor Who's serial nature was abandoned in favour of an episodic format.

The story numbers are not official designations but are merely to serve as a guide to where the story stands in the overall context of the programme. There is some dispute about, for example, whether to count Season 23's The Trial of a Time Lord as one or four serials,[4] and whether the uncompleted Shada should be included.[5] The numbering scheme used here reflects the current internal practice of describing "Planet of the Dead" (2009) as the 200th story, used in the 407th issue of Doctor Who Magazine.[6] Other sources, such as the DVD releases of classic Doctor Who serials in Region 1, use different numbering schemes, which diverge after the 108th story, The Horns of Nimon (1979–1980).

Series overview

The following table dictates the season or series in question; singular specials are not included in episode counts or viewer totals.

Season / Series Doctor Serials Episodes Originally aired Average viewers
(millions)
First aired Last aired
Season 1 First Doctor 8 42 23 November 1963 (1963-11-23) 12 September 1964 (1964-09-12) 8.08
Season 2 9 39 31 October 1964 (1964-10-31) 24 July 1965 (1965-07-24) 10.46
Season 3 10 45 11 September 1965 (1965-09-11) 16 July 1966 (1966-07-16) 7.65
Season 4[a] Second Doctor 9 43 10 September 1966 (1966-09-10) 1 July 1967 (1967-07-01) 7.10
Season 5 7 40 2 September 1967 (1967-09-02) 1 June 1968 (1968-06-01) 7.23
Season 6 7 44 10 August 1968 (1968-08-10) 21 June 1969 (1969-06-21) 6.38
Season 7 Third Doctor 4 25 3 January 1970 (1970-01-03) 20 June 1970 (1970-06-20) 7.17
Season 8 5 25 2 January 1971 (1971-01-02) 19 June 1971 (1971-06-19) 7.96
Season 9 5 26 1 January 1972 (1972-01-01) 24 June 1972 (1972-06-24) 8.30
Season 10 5 26 30 December 1972 (1972-12-30) 23 June 1973 (1973-06-23) 8.90
Season 11 5 26 15 December 1973 (1973-12-15) 8 June 1974 (1974-06-08) 8.78
Season 12 Fourth Doctor 5 20 28 December 1974 (1974-12-28) 10 May 1975 (1975-05-10) 10.00
Season 13 6 26 30 August 1975 (1975-08-30) 6 March 1976 (1976-03-06) 10.14
Season 14 6 26 4 September 1976 (1976-09-04) 2 April 1977 (1977-04-02) 11.06
Season 15 6 26 3 September 1977 (1977-09-03) 11 March 1978 (1978-03-11) 8.98
Season 16[b] 6 26 2 September 1978 (1978-09-02) 24 February 1979 (1979-02-24) 8.57
Season 17 5[c] 20 1 September 1979 (1979-09-01) 12 January 1980 (1980-01-12) 11.21
Season 18 7 28 30 August 1980 (1980-08-30) 21 March 1981 (1981-03-21) 5.80
Season 19 Fifth Doctor 7 26 4 January 1982 (1982-01-04) 30 March 1982 (1982-03-30) 9.23
Season 20 6 22 4 January 1983 (1983-01-04) 16 March 1983 (1983-03-16) 7.03
Season 21[d] 7 24 5 January 1984 (1984-01-05) 30 March 1984 (1984-03-30) 7.18
Season 22 Sixth Doctor 6 13 5 January 1985 (1985-01-05) 30 March 1985 (1985-03-30) 7.12
Season 23[e] 4 14 6 September 1986 (1986-09-06) 6 December 1986 (1986-12-06) 4.80
Season 24 Seventh Doctor 4 14 7 September 1987 (1987-09-07) 7 December 1987 (1987-12-07) 4.87
Season 25 4 14 5 October 1988 (1988-10-05) 4 January 1989 (1989-01-04) 5.34
Season 26 4 14 6 September 1989 (1989-09-06) 6 December 1989 (1989-12-06) 4.15
TV movie Eighth Doctor 1 1 12 May 1996 (1996-05-12) 9.08
Series 1 Ninth Doctor 10 13 26 March 2005 (2005-03-26) 18 June 2005 (2005-06-18) 7.95
Series 2 Tenth Doctor 10 13 15 April 2006 (2006-04-15) 8 July 2006 (2006-07-08) 7.72
Series 3 9 13 31 March 2007 (2007-03-31) 30 June 2007 (2007-06-30) 7.55
Series 4 10 13 5 April 2008 (2008-04-05) 5 July 2008 (2008-07-05) 8.05
Specials 4 5 25 December 2008 (2008-12-25) 1 January 2010 (2010-01-01) 11.49
Series 5 Eleventh Doctor 10 13 3 April 2010 (2010-04-03) 26 June 2010 (2010-06-26) 7.70
Series 6 11 13 23 April 2011 (2011-04-23) 1 October 2011 (2011-10-01) 7.52
Series 7 13 13 1 September 2012 (2012-09-01) 18 May 2013 (2013-05-18) 7.44
Specials 2 2 23 November 2013 (2013-11-23) 25 December 2013 (2013-12-25) 11.97
Series 8 Twelfth Doctor 11 12 23 August 2014 (2014-08-23) 8 November 2014 (2014-11-08) 7.26
Series 9 9 12 19 September 2015 (2015-09-19) 5 December 2015 (2015-12-05) 6.04
Series 10 11 12 15 April 2017 (2017-04-15) 1 July 2017 (2017-07-01) 5.45
Series 11 Thirteenth Doctor TBA 10[7] 2018 (2018)[8] TBA TBA
  1. ^ The First Doctor remained for the first two serials of season 4. The Second Doctor featured for the remainder of the season from the third serial, The Power of the Daleks.
  2. ^ Also known by its subtitle, The Key to Time.
  3. ^ Shada was left unfinished due to a strike. Its recorded footage was later released on home video using linking narration by Tom Baker to complete the story. It is not included in the episode or story counts as it was not broadcast.
  4. ^ The Fifth Doctor regenerated in the sixth serial of season 21. The Sixth Doctor featured only in the final serial, The Twin Dilemma.
  5. ^ Also known by its subtitle, The Trial of a Time Lord.

Episodes

First Doctor

The first incarnation of the Doctor was portrayed by William Hartnell. During Hartnell's tenure, the episodes were a mixture of stories set on earth of the future with extraterrestrial influence, on alien planets, and in historical events without extraterrestrial influence, such as Marco Polo, one of the lost serials. In his last story, The Tenth Planet, the Doctor gradually grew weaker to the point of collapsing at the end of the fourth episode, leading to his regeneration.

Season 1 (1963–1964)

Story Serial Title Directed by Written by Original air date Prod.
code
UK viewers
(millions) [9]
AI[9]
1 1 An Unearthly Child
"An Unearthly Child"
"The Cave of Skulls"
"The Forest of Fear"
"The Firemaker"
Waris Hussein Anthony Coburn
23 November 1963 (1963-11-23)
30 November 1963
7 December 1963
14 December 1963
A
4.4
5.9
6.9
6.4

63
59
56
55
2 2 The Daleks
"The Dead Planet"
"The Survivors"
"The Escape"
"The Ambush"
"The Expedition"
"The Ordeal"
"The Rescue"
Richard Martin and Christopher Barry Terry Nation
21 December 1963 (1963-12-21)
28 December 1963
4 January 1964
11 January 1964
18 January 1964
25 January 1964
1 February 1964
B
6.9
6.4
8.9
9.9
9.9
10.4
10.4

59
58
63
63
63
63
65
3 3 The Edge of Destruction
"The Edge of Destruction"
"The Brink of Disaster"
Richard Martin
and Frank Cox
David Whitaker
8 February 1964 (1964-02-08)
15 February 1964
C
10.4
9.9

61
60
4 4 Marco Polo
"The Roof of the World"
"The Singing Sands"
"Five Hundred Eyes"
"The Wall of Lies"
"Rider from Shang-Tu"
"Mighty Kublai Khan"
"Assassin at Peking"
Waris Hussein and John Crockett John Lucarotti
22 February 1964 (1964-02-22)
29 February 1964
7 March 1964
14 March 1964
21 March 1964
28 March 1964
4 April 1964
D
9.4
9.4
9.4
9.9
9.4
8.4
10.4

63
62
62
60
59
59
59
5 5 The Keys of Marinus
"The Sea of Death"
"The Velvet Web"
"The Screaming Jungle"
"The Snows of Terror"
"Sentence of Death"
"The Keys of Marinus"
John Gorrie Terry Nation
11 April 1964 (1964-04-11)
18 April 1964
25 April 1964
2 May 1964
9 May 1964
16 May 1964
E
9.9
9.4
9.9
10.4
7.9
6.9

62
60
61
60
61
63
6 6 The Aztecs
"The Temple of Evil"
"The Warriors of Death"
"The Bride of Sacrifice"
"The Day of Darkness"
John Crockett John Lucarotti
23 May 1964 (1964-05-23)
30 May 1964
6 June 1964
13 June 1964
F
7.4
7.4
7.9
7.4

62
62
57
58
7 7 The Sensorites
"Strangers in Space"
"The Unwilling Warriors"
"Hidden Danger"
"A Race Against Death"
"Kidnap"
"A Desperate Venture"
Mervyn Pinfield and Frank Cox Peter R. Newman
20 June 1964 (1964-06-20)
27 June 1964
11 July 1964
18 July 1964
25 July 1964
1 August 1964
G
7.9
6.9
7.4
5.5
6.9
6.9

59
59
56
60
57
57
8 8 The Reign of Terror
"A Land of Fear"
"Guests of Madame Guillotine"
"A Change of Identity"
"The Tyrant of France"
"A Bargain of Necessity"
"Prisoners of Conciergerie"
Henric Hirsch and John Gorrie Dennis Spooner
8 August 1964 (1964-08-08)
15 August 1964
22 August 1964
29 August 1964
5 September 1964
12 September 1964
H
6.9
6.9
6.9
6.4
6.9
6.4

58
54
55
53
53
55

^† Episode is missing

Season 2 (1964–1965)

Story Serial Title Directed by Written by Original air date Prod.
code
UK viewers
(millions) [9]
AI [9]
9 1 Planet of Giants
"Planet of Giants"
"Dangerous Journey"
"Crisis"
Mervyn Pinfield and Douglas Camfield Louis Marks
31 October 1964 (1964-10-31)
7 November 1964
14 November 1964
J
8.4
8.4
8.9

57
58
59
10 2 The Dalek Invasion of Earth
"World's End"
"The Daleks"
"Day of Reckoning"
"The End of Tomorrow"
"The Waking Ally"
"Flashpoint"
Richard Martin Terry Nation
21 November 1964 (1964-11-21)
28 November 1964
5 December 1964
12 December 1964
19 December 1964
26 December 1964
K
11.4
12.4
11.9
11.9
11.4
12.4

63
59
59
59
58
63
11 3 The Rescue
"The Powerful Enemy"
"Desperate Measures"
Christopher Barry David Whitaker
2 January 1965 (1965-01-02)
9 January 1965
L
12.0
13.0

57
59
12 4 The Romans
"The Slave Traders"
"All Roads Lead to Rome"
"Conspiracy"
"Inferno"
Christopher Barry Dennis Spooner
16 January 1965 (1965-01-16)
23 January 1965
30 January 1965
6 February 1965
M
13.0
11.5
10.0
12.0

53
51
50
50
13 5 The Web Planet
"The Web Planet"
"The Zarbi"
"Escape to Danger"
"Crater of Needles"
"Invasion"
"The Centre"
Richard Martin Bill Strutton
13 February 1965 (1965-02-13)
20 February 1965
27 February 1965
6 March 1965
13 March 1965
20 March 1965
N
13.5
12.5
12.5
13.0
12.0
11.5

56
53
53
49
48
42
14 6 The Crusade
"The Lion"
"The Knight of Jaffa"
"The Wheel of Fortune"
"The Warlords"
Douglas Camfield David Whitaker
27 March 1965 (1965-03-27)
3 April 1965
10 April 1965
17 April 1965
P
10.5
8.5
9.0
9.5

51
50
49
48
15 7 The Space Museum
"The Space Museum"
"The Dimensions of Time"
"The Search"
"The Final Phase"
Mervyn Pinfield Glyn Jones
24 April 1965 (1965-04-24)
1 May 1965
8 May 1965
15 May 1965
Q
10.5
9.2
8.5
8.5

61
53
56
49
16 8 The Chase
"The Executioners"
"The Death of Time"
"Flight Through Eternity"
"Journey into Terror"
"The Death of Doctor Who"
"The Planet of Decision"
Richard Martin and Douglas Camfield Terry Nation
22 May 1965 (1965-05-22)
29 May 1965
5 June 1965
12 June 1965
19 June 1965
26 June 1965
R
10.0
9.5
9.0
9.5
9.0
9.5

57
56
55
54
56
57
17 9 The Time Meddler
"The Watcher"
"The Meddling Monk"
"A Battle of Wits"
"Checkmate"
Douglas Camfield Dennis Spooner
3 July 1965 (1965-07-03)
10 July 1965
17 July 1965
24 July 1965
S
8.9
8.8
7.7
8.3

57
49
53
54

^† Episode is missing

Season 3 (1965–1966)

The practice of giving each individual episode a different title was abandoned after The Gunfighters, near the end of the season.

Story Serial Title Directed by Written by Original air date Prod.
code
UK viewers
(millions) [9]
AI [9]
18 1 Galaxy 4
"Four Hundred Dawns"
"Trap of Steel"
"Air Lock"
"The Exploding Planet"
Derek Martinus and Mervyn Pinfield William Emms
11 September 1965 (1965-09-11)
18 September 1965
25 September 1965
2 October 1965
T
9.0
9.5
11.3
9.9

56
55
54
53
19 2 "Mission to the Unknown" Derek Martinus Terry Nation 9 October 1965 (1965-10-09) T/A 8.3 54
20 3 The Myth Makers
"Temple of Secrets"
"Small Prophet, Quick Return"
"Death of a Spy"
"Horse of Destruction"
Michael Leeston-Smith Donald Cotton
16 October 1965 (1965-10-16)
23 October 1965
30 October 1965
6 November 1965
U
8.3
8.1
8.7
8.3

48
51
49
52
21 4 The Daleks' Master Plan
"The Nightmare Begins"
"Day of Armageddon"
"Devil's Planet"
"The Traitors"
"Counter Plot"
"Coronas of the Sun"
"The Feast of Steven"
"Volcano"
"Golden Death"
"Escape Switch"
"The Abandoned Planet"
"Destruction of Time"
Douglas Camfield Terry Nation and Dennis Spooner
13 November 1965 (1965-11-13)
20 November 1965
27 November 1965
4 December 1965
11 December 1965
18 December 1965
25 December 1965
1 January 1966
8 January 1966
15 January 1966
22 January 1966
29 January 1966
V
9.1
9.8
10.3
9.5
9.9
9.1
7.9
9.6
9.2
9.5
9.8
8.6

54
52
52
51
53
56
39
49
52
50
49
57
22 5 The Massacre of St Bartholomew's Eve
"War of God"
"The Sea Beggar"
"Priest of Death"
"Bell of Doom"
Paddy Russell John Lucarotti and Donald Tosh
5 February 1966 (1966-02-05)
12 February 1966
19 February 1966
26 February 1966
W
8.0
6.0
5.9
5.8

52
52
49
53
23 6 The Ark
"The Steel Sky"
"The Plague"
"The Return"
"The Bomb"
Michael Imison Paul Erickson and Lesley Scott
5 March 1966 (1966-03-05)
12 March 1966
19 March 1966
26 March 1966
X
5.5
6.9
6.2
7.3

55
56
51
50
24 7 The Celestial Toymaker
"The Celestial Toyroom"
"The Hall of Dolls"
"The Dancing Floor"
"The Final Test"
Bill Sellars Brian Hayles and Donald Tosh
2 April 1966 (1966-04-02)
9 April 1966
16 April 1966
23 April 1966
Y
8.0
8.0
9.4
7.8

48
49
44
43
25 8 The Gunfighters
"A Holiday for the Doctor"
"Don't Shoot the Pianist"
"Johnny Ringo"
"The OK Corral"
Rex Tucker Donald Cotton
30 April 1966 (1966-04-30)
7 May 1966
14 May 1966
21 May 1966
Z
6.5
6.6
6.2
5.7

45
39
36
30
26 9 The Savages
(all episodes missing)
Christopher Barry Ian Stuart Black
28 May 1966 (1966-05-28)
4 June 1966
11 June 1966
18 June 1966
AA
4.8
5.6
5.0
4.5

48
49
48
48
27 10 The War Machines Michael Ferguson Ian Stuart Black and Kit Pedler
25 June 1966 (1966-06-25)
2 July 1966
9 July 1966
16 July 1966
BB
5.4
4.7
5.3
5.5

49
45
44
39

^† : Episode is missing

Season 4 (1966–1967)

The Smugglers and The Tenth Planet were the last serials to star the First Doctor, his regeneration to the Second occurring in the latter.

Story Serial Title Directed by Written by Original air date Prod.
code
UK viewers
(millions) [9]
AI [9]
28 1 The Smugglers
(all episodes missing)
Julia Smith Brian Hayles 10 September 1966 (1966-09-10)
17 September 1966
24 September 1966
1 October 1966
CC 4.3
4.9
4.2
4.5
47
45
43
43
29 2 The Tenth Planet
(episode 4 missing)
Derek Martinus Kit Pedler and Gerry Davis 8 October 1966 (1966-10-08)
15 October 1966
22 October 1966
29 October 1966
DD 5.5
6.4
7.6
7.5
50
48
48
47

Second Doctor

The Second Doctor was portrayed by Patrick Troughton, whose serials were more action-oriented than those of his predecessor. Additionally, after The Highlanders, stories moved away from the purely historical ones that featured during William Hartnell's tenure; instead, any historical tales also included a science fiction element. Patrick Troughton retained the role until the last episode of The War Games when members of the Doctor's race, the Time Lords, put him on trial for breaking the laws of time and forced him to regenerate.

Season 4 (1966–1967) continued

Story Serial Title Directed by Written by Original air date Prod.
code
UK viewers
(millions) [9]
AI [9]
30 3 The Power of the Daleks
(all episodes missing)
Christopher Barry David Whitaker and Dennis Spooner 5 November 1966 (1966-11-05)
12 November 1966
19 November 1966
26 November 1966
3 December 1966
10 December 1966
EE 7.9
7.8
7.5
7.8
8.0
7.8
43
45
44
47
48
47
31 4 The Highlanders
(all episodes missing)
Hugh David Elwyn Jones and Gerry Davis 17 December 1966 (1966-12-17)
24 December 1966
31 December 1966
7 January 1967
FF 6.7
6.8
7.4
7.3
47
46
47
47
32 5 The Underwater Menace
(episodes 1 & 4 missing)
Julia Smith Geoffrey Orme 14 January 1967 (1967-01-14)
21 January 1967
28 January 1967
4 February 1967
GG 8.3
7.5
7.1
7.0
48
46
45
47
33 6 The Moonbase
(episodes 1 & 3 missing)
Morris Barry Kit Pedler 11 February 1967 (1967-02-11)
18 February 1967
25 February 1967
4 March 1967
HH 8.1
8.9
8.2
8.1
50
49
53
58
34 7 The Macra Terror
(all episodes missing)
John Davies Ian Stuart Black 11 March 1967 (1967-03-11)
18 March 1967
25 March 1967
1 April 1967
JJ 8.0
7.9
8.5
8.4
50
48
52
49
35 8 The Faceless Ones
(episodes 2, 4, 5 & 6 missing)
Gerry Mill David Ellis and Malcolm Hulke 8 April 1967 (1967-04-08)
15 April 1967
22 April 1967
29 April 1967
6 May 1967
13 May 1967
KK 8.0
6.4
7.9
6.9
7.1
8.0
51
50
53
55
55
52
36 9 The Evil of the Daleks
(episodes 1, 3 - 7 missing)
Derek Martinus David Whitaker 20 May 1967 (1967-05-20)
27 May 1967
3 June 1967
10 June 1967
17 June 1967
24 June 1967
1 July 1967
LL 8.1
7.5
6.1
5.3
5.1
6.8
6.1
51
51
52
51
53
49
56

Season 5 (1967–1968)

Story Serial Title Directed by Written by Original air date Prod.
code
UK viewers
(millions) [9]
AI [9]
37 1 The Tomb of the Cybermen Morris Barry Kit Pedler and Gerry Davis 2 September 1967 (1967-09-02)
9 September 1967
16 September 1967
23 September 1967
MM 6.0
6.4
7.2
7.4
53
52
49
50
38 2 The Abominable Snowmen
(Episodes 1, 3, 4, 5 & 6 missing)
Gerald Blake Mervyn Haisman
and Henry Lincoln
30 September 1967 (1967-09-30)
7 October 1967
14 October 1967
21 October 1967
28 October 1967
4 November 1967
NN 6.3
6.0
7.1
7.1
7.2
7.4
50
52
51
50
51
52
39 3 The Ice Warriors
(Episodes 2 & 3 missing)
Derek Martinus Brian Hayles 11 November 1967 (1967-11-11)
18 November 1967
25 November 1967
2 December 1967
9 December 1967
16 December 1967
OO 6.7
7.1
7.4
7.3
8.0
7.5
52
52
51
51
50
51
40 4 The Enemy of the World Barry Letts David Whitaker 23 December 1967 (1967-12-23)
30 December 1967
6 January 1968
13 January 1968
20 January 1968
27 January 1968
PP 6.8
7.6
7.1
7.8
6.9
8.3
50
49
48
49
49
52
41 5 The Web of Fear
(Episode 3 missing)
Douglas Camfield Mervyn Haisman and Henry Lincoln 3 February 1968 (1968-02-03)
10 February 1968
17 February 1968
24 February 1968
2 March 1968
9 March 1968
QQ 7.2
6.8
7.0
8.4
8.0
8.3
54
53
51
53
55
55
42 6 Fury from the Deep
(All episodes missing)
Hugh David Victor Pemberton 16 March 1968 (1968-03-16)
23 March 1968
30 March 1968
6 April 1968
13 April 1968
20 April 1968
RR 8.2
7.9
7.7
6.6
5.9
6.9
55
55
56
56
56
57
43 7 The Wheel in Space
(Episodes 1, 2, 4 & 5 missing)
Tristan DeVere Cole David Whitaker and Kit Pedler 27 April 1968 (1968-04-27)
4 May 1968
11 May 1968
18 May 1968
25 May 1968
1 June 1968
SS 7.2
6.9
7.5
8.6
6.8
6.5
57
60
55
56
57
62

Season 6 (1968–1969)

Story Serial Title Directed by Written by Original air date Prod.
code
UK viewers
(millions) [9]
AI [9]
44 1 The Dominators Morris Barry Norman Ashby (Mervyn Haisman and Henry Lincoln) 10 August 1968 (1968-08-10)
17 August 1968
24 August 1968
31 August 1968
7 September 1968
TT 6.1
5.9
5.4
7.5
5.9
52
55
55
51
53
45 2 The Mind Robber David Maloney Peter Ling and Derrick Sherwin 14 September 1968 (1968-09-14)
21 September 1968
28 September 1968
5 October 1968
12 October 1968
UU 6.6
6.5
7.2
7.3
6.7
51
49
53
56
49
46 3 The Invasion
(Episodes 1 & 4 missing)
Douglas Camfield Derrick Sherwin and Kit Pedler 2 November 1968 (1968-11-02)
9 November 1968
16 November 1968
23 November 1968
30 November 1968
7 December 1968
14 December 1968
21 December 1968
VV 7.3
7.1
7.1
6.4
6.7
6.5
7.2
7.0
55
53
54
51
52
56
55
53
47 4 The Krotons David Maloney Robert Holmes 28 December 1968 (1968-12-28)
4 January 1969
11 January 1969
18 January 1969
WW 9.0
8.4
7.5
7.1
59
57
56
55
48 5 The Seeds of Death Michael Ferguson Brian Hayles and Terrance Dicks 25 January 1969 (1969-01-25)
1 February 1969
8 February 1969
15 February 1969
22 February 1969
1 March 1969
XX 6.6
6.8
7.5
7.1
7.6
7.7
57
59
55
55
57
59
49 6 The Space Pirates
(Episodes 1, 3 - 6 missing)
Michael Hart Robert Holmes 8 March 1969 (1969-03-08)
15 March 1969
22 March 1969
29 March 1969
5 April 1969
12 April 1969
YY 5.8
6.8
6.4
5.8
5.5
5.3
57
52
55
53
56
52
50 7 The War Games David Maloney Terrance Dicks and Malcolm Hulke 19 April 1969 (1969-04-19)
26 April 1969
3 May 1969
10 May 1969
17 May 1969
24 May 1969
31 May 1969
7 June 1969
14 June 1969
21 June 1969
ZZ 5.5
6.3
5.1
5.7
5.1
4.2
4.9
3.5
4.1
5.0
55
54
53
50
53
53
53
53
57
58

Third Doctor

The Third Doctor was portrayed by Jon Pertwee. Sentenced to exile on Earth and forcibly regenerated at the end of The War Games, the Doctor spent his time working for UNIT. After The Three Doctors, the Time Lords repealed his exile; however, the Doctor still worked closely with UNIT from time to time. The Third Doctor regenerated into his fourth incarnation as a result of radiation poisoning in the last moments of Planet of the Spiders.

Season 7 (1970)

From this season onwards the programme was produced in colour. To accommodate the new production methods the number of episodes in a season was cut: season 6 has 44 episodes; season 7 has 25 episodes. The seasons would continue to have between 20 and 28 episodes until season 22.

Story Serial Title Directed by Written by Original air date Prod.
code
UK viewers
(millions) [9]
AI [9]
51 1 Spearhead from Space Derek Martinus Robert Holmes 3 January 1970 (1970-01-03)
10 January 1970
17 January 1970
24 January 1970
AAA 8.4
8.1
8.3
8.1
54


57
52 2 Doctor Who and the Silurians Timothy Combe Malcolm Hulke 31 January 1970 (1970-01-31)
7 February 1970
14 February 1970
21 February 1970
28 February 1970
7 March 1970
14 March 1970
BBB 8.8
7.3
7.5
8.2
7.5
7.2
7.5
58
58
57
60
58
57
58
53 3 The Ambassadors of Death Michael Ferguson David Whitaker, Trevor Ray and Malcolm Hulke 21 March 1970 (1970-03-21)
28 March 1970
4 April 1970
11 April 1970
18 April 1970
25 April 1970
2 May 1970
CCC 7.1
7.6
8.0
9.3
7.1
6.9
6.4
60
61
59
58

61
62
54 4 Inferno Douglas Camfield and Barry Letts Don Houghton 9 May 1970 (1970-05-09)
16 May 1970
23 May 1970
30 May 1970
6 June 1970
13 June 1970
20 June 1970
DDD 5.7
5.9
4.8
6.0
5.4
6.7
5.5
61
61
60
60

58
60

Season 8 (1971)

This season forms a loose arc with the introduction of the Master, the villain in each of the season's storylines, and introduces the companion Jo Grant.

Story Serial Title Directed by Written by Original air date Prod.
code
UK viewers
(millions) [9]
AI [9]
55 1 Terror of the Autons Barry Letts Robert Holmes 2 January 1971 (1971-01-02)
9 January 1971
16 January 1971
23 January 1971
EEE 7.3
8.0
8.1
8.4
56 2 The Mind of Evil Timothy Combe Don Houghton 30 January 1971 (1971-01-30)
6 February 1971
13 February 1971
20 February 1971
27 February 1971
6 March 1971
FFF 6.1
8.8
7.5
7.4
7.6
7.3
57 3 The Claws of Axos Michael Ferguson Bob Baker and Dave Martin 13 March 1971 (1971-03-13)
20 March 1971
27 March 1971
3 April 1971
GGG 7.3
8.0
6.4
7.8
58 4 Colony in Space Michael E. Briant Malcolm Hulke 10 April 1971 (1971-04-10)
17 April 1971
24 April 1971
1 May 1971
8 May 1971
15 May 1971
HHH 7.6
8.5
9.5
8.1
8.8
8.7
59 5 The Dæmons Christopher Barry Guy Leopold (Robert Sloman and Barry Letts) 22 May 1971 (1971-05-22)
29 May 1971
5 June 1971
12 June 1971
19 June 1971
JJJ 9.2
8.0
8.1
8.1
8.3

Season 9 (1972)

Story Serial Title Directed by Written by Original air date Prod.
code
UK viewers
(millions) [9]
AI [9]
60 1 Day of the Daleks Paul Bernard Louis Marks 1 January 1972 (1972-01-01)
8 January 1972
15 January 1972
22 January 1972
KKK 9.8
10.4
9.1
9.1
61 2 The Curse of Peladon Lennie Mayne Brian Hayles 29 January 1972 (1972-01-29)
5 February 1972
12 February 1972
19 February 1972
MMM 10.3
11.0
7.8
8.4
62 3 The Sea Devils Michael E. Briant Malcolm Hulke 26 February 1972 (1972-02-26)
4 March 1972
11 March 1972
18 March 1972
25 March 1972
1 April 1972
LLL 6.4
9.7
8.3
7.8
8.3
8.5
63 4 The Mutants Christopher Barry Bob Baker and Dave Martin 8 April 1972 (1972-04-08)
15 April 1972
22 April 1972
29 April 1972
6 May 1972
13 May 1972
NNN 9.1
7.8
7.9
7.5
7.9
6.5
64 5 The Time Monster Paul Bernard Robert Sloman and Barry Letts 20 May 1972 (1972-05-20)
27 May 1972
3 June 1972
10 June 1972
17 June 1972
24 June 1972
OOO 7.6
7.4
8.1
7.6
6.0
7.6

Season 10 (1972–1973)

Story Serial Title Directed by Written by Original air date Prod.
code
UK viewers
(millions) [9]
AI [9]
65 1 The Three Doctors Lennie Mayne Bob Baker and Dave Martin 30 December 1972 (1972-12-30)
6 January 1973
13 January 1973
20 January 1973
RRR 9.6
10.8
8.8
11.9
66 2 Carnival of Monsters Barry Letts Robert Holmes 27 January 1973 (1973-01-27)
3 February 1973
10 February 1973
17 February 1973
PPP 9.5
9.0
9.0
9.2
67 3 Frontier in Space Paul Bernard Malcolm Hulke 24 February 1973 (1973-02-24)
3 March 1973
10 March 1973
17 March 1973
24 March 1973
31 March 1973
QQQ 9.1
7.8
7.5
7.1
7.7
8.9
68 4 Planet of the Daleks David Maloney Terry Nation 7 April 1973 (1973-04-07)
14 April 1973
21 April 1973
28 April 1973
5 May 1973
12 May 1973
SSS 11.0
10.7
10.1
8.3
9.7
8.5
69 5 The Green Death Michael E. Briant Robert Sloman and Barry Letts 19 May 1973 (1973-05-19)
26 May 1973
2 June 1973
9 June 1973
16 June 1973
23 June 1973
TTT 9.2
7.2
7.8
6.8
8.3
7.0

Season 11 (1973–1974)

This season introduces the companion Sarah Jane Smith.

Story Serial Title Directed by Written by Original air date Prod.
code
UK viewers
(millions) [9]
AI [9]
70 1 The Time Warrior Alan Bromly Robert Holmes 15 December 1973 (1973-12-15)
22 December 1973
29 December 1973
5 January 1974
UUU 8.7
7.0
6.6
10.6
59


60
71 2 Invasion of the Dinosaurs Paddy Russell Malcolm Hulke 12 January 1974 (1974-01-12)
19 January 1974
26 January 1974
2 February 1974
9 February 1974
16 February 1974
WWW 11.0
10.1
11.0
9.0
9.0
7.5
62

63


62
72 3 Death to the Daleks Michael E. Briant Terry Nation 23 February 1974 (1974-02-23)
2 March 1974
9 March 1974
16 March 1974
XXX 8.1
9.5
10.5
9.5
61

61
62
73 4 The Monster of Peladon Lennie Mayne Brian Hayles 23 March 1974 (1974-03-23)
30 March 1974
6 April 1974
13 April 1974
20 April 1974
27 April 1974
YYY 9.2
6.8
7.4
7.2
7.5
8.1
74 5 Planet of the Spiders Barry Letts Robert Sloman and Barry Letts 4 May 1974 (1974-05-04)
11 May 1974
18 May 1974
25 May 1974
1 June 1974
8 June 1974
ZZZ 10.1
8.9
8.8
8.2
9.2
8.9
58
60
57


56

Fourth Doctor

The Fourth Doctor was portrayed by Tom Baker. He is, to date, the actor who has played the Doctor on television for the longest time,[10] having held the role for seven seasons.

Season 12 (1974–1975)

All serials in this season continue directly one after the other, tracing one single problematic voyage of the TARDIS crew. Despite the continuity, each serial is considered its own standalone story. This season also introduced the character of Harry Sullivan as a companion; this character was intended to undertake action scenes, during the period prior to Tom Baker being cast, when it was unclear how old the actor playing the new Doctor would be.

Story Serial Title Directed by Written by Original air date Prod.
code
UK viewers
(millions) [9]
AI [9]
75 1 Robot Christopher Barry Terrance Dicks 28 December 1974 (1974-12-28)
4 January 1975
11 January 1975
18 January 1975
4A 10.8
10.7
10.1
9.0
53
53

51
76 2 The Ark in Space Rodney Bennett Robert Holmes 25 January 1975 (1975-01-25)
1 February 1975
8 February 1975
15 February 1975
4C 9.4
13.6
11.2
10.2
77 3 The Sontaran Experiment Rodney Bennett Bob Baker and Dave Martin 22 February 1975 (1975-02-22)
1 March 1975
4B 11.0
10.5

55
78 4 Genesis of the Daleks David Maloney Terry Nation 8 March 1975 (1975-03-08)
15 March 1975
22 March 1975
29 March 1975
5 April 1975
12 April 1975
4E 10.7
10.5
8.5
8.8
9.8
9.1

57

58
57
56
79 5 Revenge of the Cybermen Michael E. Briant Gerry Davis 19 April 1975 (1975-04-19)
26 April 1975
3 May 1975
10 May 1975
4D 9.5
8.3
8.9
9.4
57


58

Season 13 (1975–1976)

During this season, Ian Marter (Harry Sullivan) left after Terror of the Zygons, but returned for a guest appearance in The Android Invasion. Terror of the Zygons also saw the last semi-regular appearance of Nicholas Courtney (Brigadier Lethbridge-Stewart) who would not return until Season 20 in Mawdryn Undead.

Story Serial Title Directed by Written by Original air date Prod.
code
UK viewers
(millions) [9]
AI [9]
80 1 Terror of the Zygons Douglas Camfield Robert Banks Stewart 30 August 1975 (1975-08-30)
6 September 1975
13 September 1975
20 September 1975
4F 8.4
6.1
8.2
7.2
59

54
81 2 Planet of Evil David Maloney Louis Marks 27 September 1975 (1975-09-27)
4 October 1975
11 October 1975
18 October 1975
4H 10.4
9.9
9.1
10.1

56
57
54
82 3 Pyramids of Mars Paddy Russell Stephen Harris (Lewis Greifer and Robert Holmes) 25 October 1975 (1975-10-25)
1 November 1975
8 November 1975
15 November 1975
4G 10.5
11.3
9.4
11.7



60
83 4 The Android Invasion Barry Letts Terry Nation 22 November 1975 (1975-11-22)
29 November 1975
6 December 1975
13 December 1975
4J 11.9
11.3
12.1
11.4
58


84 5 The Brain of Morbius Christopher Barry Robin Bland (Terrance Dicks and Robert Holmes) 3 January 1976 (1976-01-03)
10 January 1976
17 January 1976
24 January 1976
4K 9.5
9.3
10.1
10.2


57
85 6 The Seeds of Doom Douglas Camfield Robert Banks Stewart 31 January 1976 (1976-01-31)
7 February 1976
14 February 1976
21 February 1976
28 February 1976
6 March 1976
4L 11.4
11.4
10.3
11.1
9.9
11.5
59




Season 14 (1976–1977)

Elisabeth Sladen (Sarah Jane Smith) left the series this season and was replaced by Louise Jameson (Leela). The season also saw the first story in which the Doctor did not have a companion, The Deadly Assassin.

Story Serial Title Directed by Written by Original air date Prod.
code
UK viewers
(millions) [9]
AI [9]
86 1 The Masque of Mandragora Rodney Bennett Louis Marks 4 September 1976 (1976-09-04)
11 September 1976
18 September 1976
25 September 1976
4M 8.3
9.8
9.2
10.6
58
56

56
87 2 The Hand of Fear Lennie Mayne Bob Baker and Dave Martin 2 October 1976 (1976-10-02)
9 October 1976
16 October 1976
23 October 1976
4N 10.5
10.2
11.1
12.0


62
88 3 The Deadly Assassin David Maloney Robert Holmes 30 October 1976 (1976-10-30)
6 November 1976
13 November 1976
20 November 1976
4P 11.8
12.1
13.0
11.8

59

61
89 4 The Face of Evil Pennant Roberts Chris Boucher 1 January 1977 (1977-01-01)
8 January 1977
15 January 1977
22 January 1977
4Q 10.7
11.1
11.3
11.7
61

59
60
90 5 The Robots of Death Michael E. Briant Chris Boucher 29 January 1977 (1977-01-29)
5 February 1977
12 February 1977
19 February 1977
4R 12.8
12.4
13.1
12.6
62


57
91 6 The Talons of Weng-Chiang David Maloney Robert Holmes 26 February 1977 (1977-02-26)
5 March 1977
12 March 1977
19 March 1977
26 March 1977
2 April 1977
4S 11.3
9.8
10.2
11.4
10.1
9.3



60

58

Season 15 (1977–1978)

Story Serial Title Directed by Written by Original air date Prod.
code
UK viewers
(millions) [9]
AI [9]
92 1 Horror of Fang Rock Paddy Russell Terrance Dicks 3 September 1977 (1977-09-03)
10 September 1977
17 September 1977
24 September 1977
4V 6.8
7.1
9.8
9.9
58

60
57
93 2 The Invisible Enemy Derrick Goodwin Bob Baker and Dave Martin 1 October 1977 (1977-10-01)
8 October 1977
15 October 1977
22 October 1977
4T 8.6
7.3
7.5
8.3



60
94 3 Image of the Fendahl George Spenton-Foster Chris Boucher 29 October 1977 (1977-10-29)
5 November 1977
12 November 1977
19 November 1977
4X 6.7
7.5
7.9
9.1



61
95 4 The Sun Makers Pennant Roberts Robert Holmes 26 November 1977 (1977-11-26)
3 December 1977
10 December 1977
17 December 1977
4W 8.5
9.5
8.9
8.4


68
59
96 5 Underworld Norman Stewart Bob Baker and Dave Martin 7 January 1978 (1978-01-07)
14 January 1978
21 January 1978
28 January 1978
4Y 8.9
9.1
8.9
11.7
65


97 6 The Invasion of Time Gerald Blake David Agnew
(Graham Williams and Anthony Read)
4 February 1978 (1978-02-04)
11 February 1978
18 February 1978
25 February 1978
4 March 1978
11 March 1978
4Z 11.2
11.4
9.5
10.9
10.3
9.8
56




Season 16 (1978–1979)

Season 16 consists of one long story arc encompassing six separate, linked stories. This season is referred to by the umbrella title The Key to Time and has been released on DVD under this title.

Story Serial Title Directed by Written by Original air date Prod.
code
UK viewers
(millions) [9]
AI [9]
98 1 The Ribos Operation George Spenton-Foster Robert Holmes 2 September 1978 (1978-09-02)
9 September 1978
16 September 1978
23 September 1978
5A 8.3
8.1
7.9
8.2
59


67
99 2 The Pirate Planet Pennant Roberts Douglas Adams 30 September 1978 (1978-09-30)
7 October 1978
14 October 1978
21 October 1978
5B 9.1
7.4
8.2
8.4
61

64
64
100 3 The Stones of Blood Darrol Blake David Fisher 28 October 1978 (1978-10-28)
4 November 1978
11 November 1978
18 November 1978
5C 8.6
6.6
9.3
7.6



67
101 4 The Androids of Tara Michael Hayes David Fisher 25 November 1978 (1978-11-25)
2 December 1978
9 December 1978
16 December 1978
5D 9.5
10.1
8.9
9.0

65

66
102 5 The Power of Kroll Norman Stewart Robert Holmes 23 December 1978 (1978-12-23)
30 December 1978
6 January 1979
13 January 1979
5E 6.5
12.4
8.9
9.9



63
103 6 The Armageddon Factor Michael Hayes Bob Baker and Dave Martin 20 January 1979 (1979-01-20)
27 January 1979
3 February 1979
10 February 1979
17 February 1979
24 February 1979
5F 7.5
8.8
7.8
8.6
8.6
9.6
65




66

Season 17 (1979–1980)

Story Serial Title Directed by Written by Original air date Prod.
code
UK viewers
(millions) [9]
AI [9]
104 1 Destiny of the Daleks Ken Grieve Terry Nation 1 September 1979 (1979-09-01)
8 September 1979
15 September 1979
22 September 1979
5J 13.0
12.7
13.8
14.4
67

63
64
105 2 City of Death Michael Hayes David Agnew
(Douglas Adams, Graham Williams and David Fisher)
29 September 1979 (1979-09-29)
6 October 1979
13 October 1979
20 October 1979
5H 12.4
14.1
15.4
16.1

64

64
106 3 The Creature from the Pit Christopher Barry David Fisher 27 October 1979 (1979-10-27)
3 November 1979
10 November 1979
17 November 1979
5G 9.3
10.8
10.2
9.6

67

107 4 Nightmare of Eden Alan Bromly Bob Baker 24 November 1979 (1979-11-24)
1 December 1979
8 December 1979
15 December 1979
5K 8.7
9.6
9.6
9.4



65
108 5 The Horns of Nimon Kenny McBain Anthony Read 22 December 1979 (1979-12-22)
29 December 1979
5 January 1980
12 January 1980
5L 6.0
8.8
9.8
10.4



67
6 Shada Pennant Roberts Douglas Adams Unaired[note 1] (Unaired[note 1]) 5M

Season 18 (1980–1981)

In a return to the format of early seasons, virtually all serials from Seasons 18 through 20 are linked together, often running directly into each other. Season 18 forms a loose story arc dealing with the theme of entropy. Full Circle, State of Decay, and Warriors' Gate trace the Doctor's adventures in E-Space; they were released in both VHS and DVD boxsets with the umbrella title The E-Space Trilogy.

Story Serial Title Directed by Written by Original air date Prod.
code
UK viewers
(millions) [9]
AI [9]
109 1 The Leisure Hive Lovett Bickford David Fisher 30 August 1980 (1980-08-30)
6 September 1980
13 September 1980
20 September 1980
5N 5.9
5.0
5.0
4.5



65
110 2 Meglos Terence Dudley John Flanagan
& Andrew McCulloch
27 September 1980 (1980-09-27)
4 October 1980
11 October 1980
18 October 1980
5Q 5.0
4.2
4.7
4.7
61
64

63
111 3 Full Circle Peter Grimwade Andrew Smith 25 October 1980 (1980-10-25)
1 November 1980
8 November 1980
15 November 1980
5R 5.9
3.7
5.9
5.4



65
112 4 State of Decay Peter Moffatt Terrance Dicks 22 November 1980 (1980-11-22)
29 November 1980
6 December 1980
13 December 1980
5P 5.8
5.3
4.4
5.4



69
113 5 Warriors' Gate Paul Joyce
& Graeme Harper
Stephen Gallagher 3 January 1981 (1981-01-03)
10 January 1981
17 January 1981
24 January 1981
5S 7.1
6.7
8.3
7.8
59


59
114 6 The Keeper of Traken John Black Johnny Byrne 31 January 1981 (1981-01-31)
7 February 1981
14 February 1981
21 February 1981
5T 7.6
6.1
5.2
6.1



63
115 7 Logopolis Peter Grimwade Christopher H. Bidmead 28 February 1981 (1981-02-28)
7 March 1981
14 March 1981
21 March 1981
5V 7.7
7.7
5.8
6.1

61

65

Fifth Doctor

The Fifth Doctor was portrayed by Peter Davison.

Season 19 (1982)

The show moved from its traditional once-weekly Saturday broadcast to being broadcast twice-weekly primarily on Monday and Tuesday, although there were regional variations to the schedule. Castrovalva, together with the previous two serials, The Keeper of Traken and Logopolis, form a trilogy involving the return of the Master. They were released on DVD under the banner title New Beginnings.

Story Serial Title Directed by Written by Original air date Prod.
code
UK viewers
(millions) [9]
AI [9]
116 1 Castrovalva Fiona Cumming Christopher H. Bidmead 4 January 1982 (1982-01-04)
5 January 1982
11 January 1982
12 January 1982
5Z 9.1
8.6
10.2
10.4
117 2 Four to Doomsday John Black Terence Dudley 18 January 1982 (1982-01-18)
19 January 1982
25 January 1982
26 January 1982
5W 8.4
8.8
8.9
9.4
118 3 Kinda Peter Grimwade Christopher Bailey 1 February 1982 (1982-02-01)
2 February 1982
8 February 1982
9 February 1982
5Y 8.4
9.4
8.5
8.9
119 4 The Visitation Peter Moffatt Eric Saward 15 February 1982 (1982-02-15)
16 February 1982
22 February 1982
23 February 1982
5X 9.1
9.3
9.9
10.1
120 5 Black Orchid Ron Jones Terence Dudley 1 March 1982 (1982-03-01)
2 March 1982
6A 9.9
10.1
121 6 Earthshock Peter Grimwade Eric Saward 8 March 1982 (1982-03-08)
9 March 1982
15 March 1982
16 March 1982
6B 9.1
8.8
9.8
9.6
122 7 Time-Flight Ron Jones Peter Grimwade 22 March 1982 (1982-03-22)
23 March 1982
29 March 1982
30 March 1982
6C 10.0
8.5
8.9
8.1

Season 20 (1983)

To commemorate the twentieth season, the stories in this season involve the return of previous villains. Mawdryn Undead, Terminus and Enlightenment involve the Black Guardian's plot to kill the Doctor; they were released individually on VHS and as a set on DVD as parts of The Black Guardian Trilogy. This season was broadcast twice weekly on Tuesday and Wednesday evenings on BBC1.

Story Serial Title Directed by Written by Original air date Prod.
code
UK viewers
(millions) [9]
AI [9]
123 1 Arc of Infinity Ron Jones Johnny Byrne 3 January 1983 (1983-01-03)
5 January 1983
11 January 1983
12 January 1983
6E 7.2
7.3
6.9
7.2
69
70
67
66
124 2 Snakedance Fiona Cumming Christopher Bailey 18 January 1983 (1983-01-18)
19 January 1983
25 January 1983
26 January 1983
6D 6.7
7.7
6.6
7.4
65
66
67
67
125 3 Mawdryn Undead Peter Moffatt Peter Grimwade 1 February 1983 (1983-02-01)
2 February 1983
8 February 1983
9 February 1983
6F 6.5
7.5
7.4
7.7
67
70
67
68
126 4 Terminus Mary Ridge Stephen Gallagher 15 February 1983 (1983-02-15)
16 February 1983
22 February 1983
23 February 1983
6G 6.8
7.5
6.5
7.4
65
67
64
67
127 5 Enlightenment Fiona Cumming Barbara Clegg 1 March 1983 (1983-03-01)
2 March 1983
8 March 1983
9 March 1983
6H 6.6
7.2
6.2
7.3
67
65
68
70
128 6 The King's Demons Tony Virgo Terence Dudley 15 March 1983 (1983-03-15)
16 March 1983
6J 5.8
7.2
65
63
Special
129 The Five Doctors Peter Moffatt Terrance Dicks 25 November 1983 (1983-11-25)[11] 6K 7.7 75

Season 21 (1984)

Episodes were broadcast twice weekly on Thursday and Friday evenings, with Resurrection of the Daleks broadcast on two consecutive Wednesday nights. The Caves of Androzani saw the regeneration of the Fifth Doctor, and the season finale The Twin Dilemma was the first story of the Sixth Doctor.

Story Serial Title Directed by Written by Original air date Prod.
code
UK viewers
(millions) [9]
AI [9]
130 1 Warriors of the Deep Pennant Roberts Johnny Byrne 5 January 1984 (1984-01-05)
6 January 1984
12 January 1984
13 January 1984
6L 7.6
7.5
7.3
6.6
65
64
62
65
131 2 The Awakening Michael Owen Morris Eric Pringle 19 January 1984 (1984-01-19)
20 January 1984
6M 7.9
6.6
65
63
132 3 Frontios Ron Jones Christopher H. Bidmead 26 January 1984 (1984-01-26)
27 January 1984
2 February 1984
3 February 1984
6N 8.0
5.8
7.8
5.6
66
69
65
65
133 4 Resurrection of the Daleks Matthew Robinson Eric Saward 8 February 1984 (1984-02-08)
15 February 1984
6P 7.3
8.0
69
65
134 5 Planet of Fire Fiona Cumming Peter Grimwade 23 February 1984 (1984-02-23)
24 February 1984
1 March 1984
2 March 1984
6Q 7.4
6.1
7.4
7.0
135 6 The Caves of Androzani Graeme Harper Robert Holmes 8 March 1984 (1984-03-08)
9 March 1984
15 March 1984
16 March 1984
6R 6.9
6.6
7.8
7.8
65

65
68

Sixth Doctor

The Sixth Doctor was portrayed by Colin Baker.

Season 21 (1984) continued

Story Serial Title Directed by Written by Original air date Prod.
code
UK viewers
(millions) [9]
AI [9]
136 7 The Twin Dilemma Peter Moffatt Anthony Steven 22 March 1984 (1984-03-22)
23 March 1984
29 March 1984
30 March 1984
6S 7.6
7.4
7.0
6.3
61
66
59
67

Season 22 (1985)

The series moved back to once-weekly Saturday broadcasts. All episodes were 45 minutes long, though they also exist in 25-minute versions. Although there were now only 13 episodes in the season, the total running time remained approximately the same as in previous seasons since the episodes were almost twice as long.

Story Serial Title Directed by Written by Original air date Prod.
code
UK viewers
(millions) [9]
AI [9]
137 1 Attack of the Cybermen Matthew Robinson Paula Moore 5 January 1985 (1985-01-05)
12 January 1985
6T 8.9
7.2
61
65
138 2 Vengeance on Varos Ron Jones Philip Martin 19 January 1985 (1985-01-19)
26 January 1985
6V 7.2
7.0
63
65
139 3 The Mark of the Rani Sarah Hellings Pip and Jane Baker 2 February 1985 (1985-02-02)
9 February 1985
6X 6.3
7.3
64
64
140 4 The Two Doctors Peter Moffatt Robert Holmes 16 February 1985 (1985-02-16)
23 February 1985
2 March 1985
6W 6.6
6.0
6.9
65
62
65
141 5 Timelash Pennant Roberts Glen McCoy 9 March 1985 (1985-03-09)
16 March 1985
6Y 6.7
7.4
66
64
142 6 Revelation of the Daleks Graeme Harper Eric Saward 23 March 1985 (1985-03-23)
30 March 1985
6Z 7.4
7.7
67
65

Season 23 (1986)

The whole season is titled as The Trial of a Time Lord, and is split into four segments. The segments are commonly referred to by their working titles[12] (listed below) but the season was broadcast as one fourteen-part story and the working titles did not appear on screen. Episode length returned to 25 minutes, but with only fourteen episodes in the season, making the total running time of this season (and subsequent seasons) just over half of the previous seasons, going back to season 7.

Story Serial Title Directed by Written by Original air date Prod.
code
UK viewers
(millions) [9]
AI [9]
143a 1 The Mysterious Planet Nicholas Mallett Robert Holmes 6 September 1986 (1986-09-06)
13 September 1986
20 September 1986
27 September 1986
7A 4.9
4.9
3.9
3.7
72
69
70
72
143b 2 Mindwarp Ron Jones Philip Martin 4 October 1986 (1986-10-04)
11 October 1986
18 October 1986
25 October 1986
7B 4.8
4.6
5.1
5.0
71
69
66
72
143c 3 Terror of the Vervoids Chris Clough Pip and Jane Baker 1 November 1986 (1986-11-01)
8 November 1986
15 November 1986
22 November 1986
7C 5.2
4.6
5.3
5.3
66
69
69
69
143d 4 The Ultimate Foe Chris Clough Robert Holmes
Pip and Jane Baker
29 November 1986 (1986-11-29)
6 December 1986
7C 4.4
5.6
69
69

Seventh Doctor

The Seventh Doctor was portrayed by Sylvester McCoy.

Season 24 (1987)

This season was moved to a Monday schedule.

Story Serial Title Directed by Written by Original air date Prod.
code
UK viewers
(millions) [9]
AI [9]
144 1 Time and the Rani Andrew Morgan Pip and Jane Baker 7 September 1987 (1987-09-07)
14 September 1987
21 September 1987
28 September 1987
7D 5.1
4.2
4.3
4.9
58
63
57
59
145 2 Paradise Towers Nicholas Mallett Stephen Wyatt 5 October 1987 (1987-10-05)
12 October 1987
19 October 1987
26 October 1987
7E 4.5
5.2
5.0
5.0
61
58
58
57
146 3 Delta and the Bannermen Chris Clough Malcolm Kohll 2 November 1987 (1987-11-02)
9 November 1987
16 November 1987
7F 5.3
5.1
5.4
63
60
60
147 4 Dragonfire Chris Clough Ian Briggs 23 November 1987 (1987-11-23)
30 November 1987
7 December 1987
7G 5.5
5.0
4.7
61
61
64

Season 25 (1988–1989)

The series was moved to Wednesdays.

Story Serial Title Directed by Written by Original air date Prod.
code
UK viewers
(millions) [9]
AI [9]
148 1 Remembrance of the Daleks Andrew Morgan Ben Aaronovitch 5 October 1988 (1988-10-05)
12 October 1988
19 October 1988
26 October 1988
7H 5.5
5.8
5.1
5.0
68
69
70
72
149 2 The Happiness Patrol Chris Clough Graeme Curry 2 November 1988 (1988-11-02)
9 November 1988
16 November 1988
7L 5.3
4.6
5.3
67
65
65
150 3 Silver Nemesis Chris Clough Kevin Clarke 23 November 1988 (1988-11-23)
30 November 1988
7 December 1988[14]
7K 6.1
5.2
5.2
71
70
70
151 4 The Greatest Show in the Galaxy Alan Wareing Stephen Wyatt 14 December 1988 (1988-12-14)
21 December 1988
28 December 1988
4 January 1989
7J 5.0
5.3
4.8
6.6
68
66
69
64

Season 26 (1989)

The final season continued to push the series towards a darker approach, focusing this time more on Ace's personal life as well as The Doctor's past and manipulations. This season set the tone for the Virgin New Adventures novels that followed.

Story Serial Title Directed by Written by Original air date Prod.
code
UK viewers
(millions) [9]
AI [9]
152 1 Battlefield Michael Kerrigan Ben Aaronovitch 6 September 1989 (1989-09-06)
13 September 1989
20 September 1989
27 September 1989
7N 3.1
3.9
3.6
4.0
69
68
67
65
153 2 Ghost Light Alan Wareing Marc Platt 4 October 1989 (1989-10-04)
11 October 1989
18 October 1989
7Q 4.2
4.0
4.0
68
68
64
154 3 The Curse of Fenric Nicholas Mallett Ian Briggs 25 October 1989 (1989-10-25)
1 November 1989
8 November 1989
15 November 1989
7M 4.3
4.0
4.0
4.2
67
68
68
68
155 4 Survival Alan Wareing Rona Munro 22 November 1989 (1989-11-22)
29 November 1989
6 December 1989
7P 5.0
4.8
5.0
69
69
71

Eighth Doctor

The Eighth Doctor was portrayed by Paul McGann. The movie is the only television appearance of this Doctor during his tenure. The only production title held by this story was Doctor Who. However, producer Philip Segal later suggested Enemy Within as an alternative title. Lacking any other specific name, many fans have adopted this to refer to the movie. Fan groups have also used other informal titles. The DVD release is titled Doctor Who: The Movie. In 2013, Paul McGann returned for the second television appearance of the Eighth Doctor in the minisode titled "The Night of the Doctor".

Television movie (1996)

Story Episode Title Directed by Written by Original air date Prod.
code
UK viewers
(millions) [9]
AI [9]
156 Doctor Who Geoffrey Sax Matthew Jacobs 12 May 1996 (1996-05-12) (Canada)
14 May 1996 (USA)
27 May 1996 (UK)
TVM
[note 2]
9.08 75

Ninth Doctor

In 2005, the BBC relaunched Doctor Who after a 16-year absence from episodic television, with Russell T Davies, Julie Gardner and Mal Young as executive producers, Phil Collinson as producer, and Christopher Eccleston taking the lead role of the Ninth Doctor.

The revival is a continuation of the original series. The new series is formatted to a 16:9 widescreen display ratio, and a standard episode length of 45 minutes. For the first time since the 1965–1966 season each episode has an individual title, although most stories do not span more than one episode. The show also returned to its traditional Saturday evening slot.

Series 1 (2005)

The 2005 series constitutes a loose story arc, dealing with the consequences of the Time War and the mysterious Bad Wolf.

Story Episode Title Directed by Written by Original air date Prod.
code
UK viewers
(millions) [9]
AI [9]
157 1 "Rose" Keith Boak Russell T Davies 26 March 2005 (2005-03-26) 1.1 10.81 81
158 2 "The End of the World" Euros Lyn Russell T Davies 2 April 2005 (2005-04-02) 1.2 7.97 79
159 3 "The Unquiet Dead" Euros Lyn Mark Gatiss 9 April 2005 (2005-04-09) 1.3 8.86 80
160a 4 "Aliens of London" Keith Boak Russell T Davies 16 April 2005 (2005-04-16) 1.4 7.63 81
160b 5 "World War Three" Keith Boak Russell T Davies 23 April 2005 (2005-04-23) 1.5 7.98 82
161 6 "Dalek" Joe Ahearne Robert Shearman 30 April 2005 (2005-04-30) 1.6 8.63 84
162 7 "The Long Game" Brian Grant Russell T Davies 7 May 2005 (2005-05-07) 1.7 8.01 81
163 8 "Father's Day" Joe Ahearne Paul Cornell 14 May 2005 (2005-05-14) 1.8 8.06 83
164a 9 "The Empty Child" James Hawes Steven Moffat 21 May 2005 (2005-05-21) 1.9 7.11 84
164b 10 "The Doctor Dances" James Hawes Steven Moffat 28 May 2005 (2005-05-28) 1.10 6.86 85
165 11 "Boom Town" Joe Ahearne Russell T Davies 4 June 2005 (2005-06-04) 1.11 7.68 82
166a 12 "Bad Wolf" Joe Ahearne Russell T Davies 11 June 2005 (2005-06-11) 1.12 6.81 85
166b 13 "The Parting of the Ways" Joe Ahearne Russell T Davies 18 June 2005 (2005-06-18) 1.13 6.91 89

Tenth Doctor

The Tenth Doctor was portrayed by David Tennant, who was cast before the first series aired.[18]

Series 2 (2006)

The back-story for the spin-off series Torchwood is "seeded" in various episodes in the 2006 series. Each episode also has an accompanying online Tardisode.

Story Episode Title Directed by Written by Original air date Prod.
code
UK viewers
(millions) [9]
AI [9]
Special
167 "The Christmas Invasion" James Hawes Russell T Davies 25 December 2005 (2005-12-25) 2X 9.84 84
Series
168 1 "New Earth" James Hawes Russell T Davies 15 April 2006 (2006-04-15) 2.1 8.62 85
169 2 "Tooth and Claw" Euros Lyn Russell T Davies 22 April 2006 (2006-04-22) 2.2 9.24 83
170 3 "School Reunion" James Hawes Toby Whithouse 29 April 2006 (2006-04-29) 2.3 8.31 85
171 4 "The Girl in the Fireplace" Euros Lyn Steven Moffat 6 May 2006 (2006-05-06) 2.4 7.90 84
172a 5 "Rise of the Cybermen" Graeme Harper Tom MacRae 13 May 2006 (2006-05-13) 2.5 9.22 86
172b 6 "The Age of Steel" Graeme Harper Tom MacRae 20 May 2006 (2006-05-20) 2.6 7.63 86
173 7 "The Idiot's Lantern" Euros Lyn Mark Gatiss 27 May 2006 (2006-05-27) 2.7 6.76 84
174a 8 "The Impossible Planet" James Strong Matt Jones 3 June 2006 (2006-06-03) 2.8 6.32 85
174b 9 "The Satan Pit" James Strong Matt Jones 10 June 2006 (2006-06-10) 2.9 6.08 86
175 10 "Love & Monsters" Dan Zeff Russell T Davies 17 June 2006 (2006-06-17) 2.10 6.66 76
176 11 "Fear Her" Euros Lyn Matthew Graham 24 June 2006 (2006-06-24) 2.11 7.14 83
177a 12 "Army of Ghosts" Graeme Harper Russell T Davies 1 July 2006 (2006-07-01) 2.12 8.19 86
177b 13 "Doomsday" Graeme Harper Russell T Davies 8 July 2006 (2006-07-08) 2.13 8.22 89

Series 3 (2007)

This series introduces Martha Jones and deals with the Face of Boe's final message, the mysterious Mr. Saxon, and the Doctor dealing with the loss of Rose Tyler.

Story Episode Title Directed by Written by Original air date Prod.
code
UK viewers
(millions) [9]
AI [9]
Special
178 "The Runaway Bride" Euros Lyn Russell T Davies 25 December 2006 (2006-12-25) 3X 9.35 84
Series
179 1 "Smith and Jones" Charles Palmer Russell T Davies 31 March 2007 (2007-03-31) 3.1 8.71 88
180 2 "The Shakespeare Code" Charles Palmer Gareth Roberts 7 April 2007 (2007-04-07) 3.2 7.23 87
181 3 "Gridlock" Richard Clark Russell T Davies 14 April 2007 (2007-04-14) 3.3 8.41 85
182a 4 "Daleks in Manhattan" James Strong Helen Raynor 21 April 2007 (2007-04-21) 3.4 6.69 86
182b 5 "Evolution of the Daleks" James Strong Helen Raynor 28 April 2007 (2007-04-28) 3.5 6.97 85
183 6 "The Lazarus Experiment" Richard Clark Stephen Greenhorn 5 May 2007 (2007-05-05) 3.6 7.19 86
184 7 "42" Graeme Harper Chris Chibnall 19 May 2007 (2007-05-19) 3.7 7.41 85
185a 8 "Human Nature" Charles Palmer Paul Cornell 26 May 2007 (2007-05-26) 3.8 7.74 86
185b 9 "The Family of Blood" Charles Palmer Paul Cornell 2 June 2007 (2007-06-02) 3.9 7.21 86
186 10 "Blink" Hettie MacDonald Steven Moffat 9 June 2007 (2007-06-09) 3.10 6.62 87
187a 11 "Utopia" Graeme Harper Russell T Davies 16 June 2007 (2007-06-16) 3.11 7.84 87
187b 12 "The Sound of Drums" Colin Teague Russell T Davies 23 June 2007 (2007-06-23) 3.12 7.51 87
187c 13 "Last of the Time Lords" Colin Teague Russell T Davies 30 June 2007 (2007-06-30) 3.13 8.61 88

Series 4 (2008)

This series explores the coincidences binding the Doctor and Donna together.

Story Episode Title Directed by Written by Original air date Prod.
code
UK viewers
(millions) [9]
AI [9]
Special
188 "Voyage of the Damned" James Strong Russell T Davies 25 December 2007 (2007-12-25) 4X 13.31 86
Series
189 1 "Partners in Crime" James Strong Russell T Davies 5 April 2008 (2008-04-05) 4.1 9.14 88
190 2 "The Fires of Pompeii" Colin Teague James Moran 12 April 2008 (2008-04-12) 4.3 9.04 87
191 3 "Planet of the Ood" Graeme Harper Keith Temple 19 April 2008 (2008-04-19) 4.2 7.50 87
192a 4 "The Sontaran Stratagem" Douglas Mackinnon Helen Raynor 26 April 2008 (2008-04-26) 4.4 7.06 87
192b 5 "The Poison Sky" Douglas Mackinnon Helen Raynor 3 May 2008 (2008-05-03) 4.5 6.53 88
193 6 "The Doctor's Daughter" Alice Troughton Stephen Greenhorn 10 May 2008 (2008-05-10) 4.6 7.33 88
194 7 "The Unicorn and the Wasp" Graeme Harper Gareth Roberts 17 May 2008 (2008-05-17) 4.7 8.41 86
195a 8 "Silence in the Library" Euros Lyn Steven Moffat 31 May 2008 (2008-05-31) 4.9 6.27 89
195b 9 "Forest of the Dead" Euros Lyn Steven Moffat 7 June 2008 (2008-06-07) 4.10 7.84 89
196 10 "Midnight" Alice Troughton Russell T Davies 14 June 2008 (2008-06-14) 4.8 8.05 86
197 11 "Turn Left" Graeme Harper Russell T Davies 21 June 2008 (2008-06-21) 4.11 8.09 88
198a 12 "The Stolen Earth" Graeme Harper Russell T Davies 28 June 2008 (2008-06-28) 4.12 8.78 91
198b 13 "Journey's End" Graeme Harper Russell T Davies 5 July 2008 (2008-07-05) 4.13 10.57 91

Specials (2008–2010)

From "Planet of the Dead", episodes were filmed in HD.[19]

Story Episode Title Directed by Written by Original air date Prod.
code
UK viewers
(millions) [9]
AI [9]
199 1 "The Next Doctor" Andy Goddard Russell T Davies 25 December 2008 (2008-12-25) 4.14 13.10 86
200 2 "Planet of the Dead" James Strong Russell T Davies & Gareth Roberts 11 April 2009 (2009-04-11) 4.15 9.75 88
201 3 "The Waters of Mars" Graeme Harper Russell T Davies & Phil Ford 15 November 2009 (2009-11-15) 4.16 10.32 88
202 4
5
The End of Time Euros Lyn Russell T Davies 25 December 2009 (2009-12-25)
1 January 2010 (2010-01-01)
4.17
4.18
12.04
12.27
87
89

Eleventh Doctor

The Eleventh Doctor was portrayed by Matt Smith.

Series 5 (2010)

Story Episode Title Directed by Written by Original air date Prod.
code
UK viewers
(millions) [9]
AI [9]
203 1 "The Eleventh Hour" Adam Smith Steven Moffat 3 April 2010 (2010-04-03) 1.1 10.09 86
204 2 "The Beast Below" Andrew Gunn Steven Moffat 10 April 2010 (2010-04-10) 1.2 8.42 86
205 3 "Victory of the Daleks" Andrew Gunn Mark Gatiss 17 April 2010 (2010-04-17) 1.3 8.21 84
206a 4 "The Time of Angels" Adam Smith Steven Moffat 24 April 2010 (2010-04-24) 1.4 8.59 87
206b 5 "Flesh and Stone" Adam Smith Steven Moffat 1 May 2010 (2010-05-01) 1.5 8.50 86
207 6 "The Vampires of Venice" Jonny Campbell Toby Whithouse 8 May 2010 (2010-05-08) 1.6 7.68 86
208 7 "Amy's Choice" Catherine Morshead Simon Nye 15 May 2010 (2010-05-15) 1.7 7.55 84
209a 8 "The Hungry Earth" Ashley Way Chris Chibnall 22 May 2010 (2010-05-22) 1.8 6.49 86
209b 9 "Cold Blood" Ashley Way Chris Chibnall 29 May 2010 (2010-05-29) 1.9 7.49 85
210 10 "Vincent and the Doctor" Jonny Campbell Richard Curtis 5 June 2010 (2010-06-05) 1.10 6.76 86
211 11 "The Lodger" Catherine Morshead Gareth Roberts 12 June 2010 (2010-06-12) 1.11 6.44 87
212a 12 "The Pandorica Opens" Toby Haynes Steven Moffat 19 June 2010 (2010-06-19) 1.12 7.57 88
212b 13 "The Big Bang" Toby Haynes Steven Moffat 26 June 2010 (2010-06-26) 1.13 6.70 89

Series 6 (2011)

The original transmission of series 6 was split into two parts, with the first seven episodes airing April to June 2011 and the final six from late August to October 2011.

Story Episode Title Directed by Written by Original air date Prod.
code
UK viewers
(millions) [9]
AI [9]
Special
213 "A Christmas Carol" Toby Haynes Steven Moffat 25 December 2010 (2010-12-25) 2.X 12.11 83
Part 1
214a 1 "The Impossible Astronaut" Toby Haynes Steven Moffat 23 April 2011 (2011-04-23) 2.1 8.86 88
214b 2 "Day of the Moon" Toby Haynes Steven Moffat 30 April 2011 (2011-04-30) 2.2 7.30 87
215 3 "The Curse of the Black Spot" Jeremy Webb Stephen Thompson 7 May 2011 (2011-05-07) 2.9 7.85 86
216 4 "The Doctor's Wife" Richard Clark Neil Gaiman 14 May 2011 (2011-05-14) 2.3 7.97 87
217a 5 "The Rebel Flesh" Julian Simpson Matthew Graham 21 May 2011 (2011-05-21) 2.5 7.35 85
217b 6 "The Almost People" Julian Simpson Matthew Graham 28 May 2011 (2011-05-28) 2.6 6.72 86
218 7 "A Good Man Goes to War" Peter Hoar Steven Moffat 4 June 2011 (2011-06-04) 2.7 7.51 88
Part 2
219 8 "Let's Kill Hitler" Richard Senior Steven Moffat 27 August 2011 (2011-08-27) 2.8 8.10 85
220 9 "Night Terrors" Richard Clark Mark Gatiss 3 September 2011 (2011-09-03) 2.4 7.07 86
221 10 "The Girl Who Waited" Nick Hurran Tom MacRae 10 September 2011 (2011-09-10) 2.10 7.60 85
222 11 "The God Complex" Nick Hurran Toby Whithouse 17 September 2011 (2011-09-17) 2.11 6.77 86
223 12 "Closing Time" Steve Hughes Gareth Roberts 24 September 2011 (2011-09-24) 2.12 6.93 86
224 13 "The Wedding of River Song" Jeremy Webb Steven Moffat 1 October 2011 (2011-10-01) 2.13 7.67 86

Series 7 (2012–2013)

Series 7 started with five episodes in late 2012, followed by a Christmas special and eight episodes in 2013.

Story Episode Title Directed by Written by Original air date UK viewers
(millions) [9]
AI [9]
Special (2011)
225 "The Doctor, the Widow and the Wardrobe" Farren Blackburn Steven Moffat 25 December 2011 (2011-12-25) 10.77 84
Part 1
226 1 "Asylum of the Daleks" Nick Hurran Steven Moffat 1 September 2012 (2012-09-01) 8.33 89
227 2 "Dinosaurs on a Spaceship" Saul Metzstein Chris Chibnall 8 September 2012 (2012-09-08) 7.57 87
228 3 "A Town Called Mercy" Saul Metzstein Toby Whithouse 15 September 2012 (2012-09-15) 8.42 85
229 4 "The Power of Three" Douglas Mackinnon Chris Chibnall 22 September 2012 (2012-09-22) 7.67 87
230 5 "The Angels Take Manhattan" Nick Hurran Steven Moffat 29 September 2012 (2012-09-29) 7.82 88
Special (2012)
231 "The Snowmen" Saul Metzstein Steven Moffat 25 December 2012 (2012-12-25) 9.87 87
Part 2
232 6 "The Bells of Saint John" Colm McCarthy Steven Moffat 30 March 2013 (2013-03-30) 8.44 87
233 7 "The Rings of Akhaten" Farren Blackburn Neil Cross 6 April 2013 (2013-04-06) 7.45 84
234 8 "Cold War" Douglas Mackinnon Mark Gatiss 13 April 2013 (2013-04-13) 7.37 84
235 9 "Hide" Jamie Payne Neil Cross 20 April 2013 (2013-04-20) 6.61 85
236 10 "Journey to the Centre of the TARDIS" Mat King Stephen Thompson 27 April 2013 (2013-04-27) 6.50 85
237 11 "The Crimson Horror" Saul Metzstein Mark Gatiss 4 May 2013 (2013-05-04) 6.47 85
238 12 "Nightmare in Silver" Stephen Woolfenden Neil Gaiman 11 May 2013 (2013-05-11) 6.64 84
239 13 "The Name of the Doctor" Saul Metzstein Steven Moffat 18 May 2013 (2013-05-18) 7.45 88

Specials (2013)

Story Episode Title Directed by Written by Original air date UK viewers
(millions) [9]
AI [9]
240 1 "The Day of the Doctor" Nick Hurran Steven Moffat 23 November 2013 (2013-11-23) 12.80 88
241 2 "The Time of the Doctor" Jamie Payne Steven Moffat 25 December 2013 (2013-12-25) 11.14 83

Twelfth Doctor

The Twelfth Doctor is portrayed by Peter Capaldi.

Series 8 (2014)

Story Episode Title Directed by Written by Original air date UK viewers
(millions) [9]
AI [9]
242 1 "Deep Breath" Ben Wheatley Steven Moffat 23 August 2014 (2014-08-23) 9.17 82
243 2 "Into the Dalek" Ben Wheatley Phil Ford & Steven Moffat 30 August 2014 (2014-08-30) 7.29 84
244 3 "Robot of Sherwood" Paul Murphy Mark Gatiss 6 September 2014 (2014-09-06) 7.28 82
245 4 "Listen" Douglas Mackinnon Steven Moffat 13 September 2014 (2014-09-13) 7.01 82
246 5 "Time Heist" Douglas Mackinnon Stephen Thompson & Steven Moffat 20 September 2014 (2014-09-20) 6.99 84
247 6 "The Caretaker" Paul Murphy Gareth Roberts & Steven Moffat 27 September 2014 (2014-09-27) 6.82 83
248 7 "Kill the Moon" Paul Wilmshurst Peter Harness 4 October 2014 (2014-10-04) 6.91 82
249 8 "Mummy on the Orient Express" Paul Wilmshurst Jamie Mathieson 11 October 2014 (2014-10-11) 7.11 85
250 9 "Flatline" Douglas Mackinnon Jamie Mathieson 18 October 2014 (2014-10-18) 6.71 85
251 10 "In the Forest of the Night" Sheree Folkson Frank Cottrell-Boyce 25 October 2014 (2014-10-25) 6.92 83
252a 11 "Dark Water" Rachel Talalay Steven Moffat 1 November 2014 (2014-11-01) 7.34 85
252b 12 "Death in Heaven" Rachel Talalay Steven Moffat 8 November 2014 (2014-11-08) 7.60 83

Series 9 (2015)

Story Episode Title Directed by Written by Original air date UK viewers
(millions) [9]
AI [9]
Special (2014)
253 "Last Christmas" Paul Wilmshurst Steven Moffat 25 December 2014 (2014-12-25) 8.28 82
Series
254a 1 "The Magician's Apprentice" Hettie MacDonald Steven Moffat 19 September 2015 (2015-09-19) 6.54 84
254b 2 "The Witch's Familiar" Hettie MacDonald Steven Moffat 26 September 2015 (2015-09-26) 5.71 83
255a 3 "Under the Lake" Daniel O'Hara Toby Whithouse 3 October 2015 (2015-10-03) 5.63 84
255b 4 "Before the Flood" Daniel O'Hara Toby Whithouse 10 October 2015 (2015-10-10) 6.05 83
256 5 "The Girl Who Died" Ed Bazalgette Jamie Mathieson and Steven Moffat 17 October 2015 (2015-10-17) 6.56 82
257 6 "The Woman Who Lived" Ed Bazalgette Catherine Tregenna 24 October 2015 (2015-10-24) 6.11 81
258a 7 "The Zygon Invasion" Daniel Nettheim Peter Harness 31 October 2015 (2015-10-31) 5.76 82
258b 8 "The Zygon Inversion" Daniel Nettheim Peter Harness and Steven Moffat 7 November 2015 (2015-11-07) 6.03 84
259 9 "Sleep No More" Justin Molotnikov Mark Gatiss 14 November 2015 (2015-11-14) 5.61 78
260 10 "Face the Raven" Justin Molotnikov Sarah Dollard 21 November 2015 (2015-11-21) 6.05 84
261 11 "Heaven Sent" Rachel Talalay Steven Moffat 28 November 2015 (2015-11-28) 6.19 80
262 12 "Hell Bent" Rachel Talalay Steven Moffat 5 December 2015 (2015-12-05) 6.17 82
Special (2015)
263 "The Husbands of River Song" Douglas Mackinnon Steven Moffat 25 December 2015 (2015-12-25) 7.69 82

Series 10 (2017)

Story Episode Title Directed by Written by Original air date UK viewers
(millions) [9]
AI [9]
Special (2016)
264 "The Return of Doctor Mysterio" Ed Bazalgette Steven Moffat 25 December 2016 (2016-12-25) 7.83 82
Series
265 1 "The Pilot" Lawrence Gough Steven Moffat 15 April 2017 (2017-04-15) 6.68 83
266 2 "Smile" Lawrence Gough Frank Cottrell-Boyce 22 April 2017 (2017-04-22) 5.98 83
267 3 "Thin Ice" Bill Anderson Sarah Dollard 29 April 2017 (2017-04-29) 5.61 84
268 4 "Knock Knock" Bill Anderson Mike Bartlett 6 May 2017 (2017-05-06) 5.73 83
269 5 "Oxygen" Charles Palmer Jamie Mathieson 13 May 2017 (2017-05-13) 5.27 83
270 6 "Extremis" Daniel Nettheim Steven Moffat 20 May 2017 (2017-05-20) 5.53 82
271 7 "The Pyramid at the End of the World" Daniel Nettheim Peter Harness and Steven Moffat 27 May 2017 (2017-05-27) 5.79 82
272 8 "The Lie of the Land" Wayne Yip Toby Whithouse 3 June 2017 (2017-06-03) 4.82 82
273 9 "Empress of Mars" Wayne Yip Mark Gatiss 10 June 2017 (2017-06-10) 5.02 83
274 10 "The Eaters of Light" Charles Palmer Rona Munro 17 June 2017 (2017-06-17) 4.73 81
275a 11 "World Enough and Time" Rachel Talalay Steven Moffat 24 June 2017 (2017-06-24) 5.00 85
275b 12 "The Doctor Falls" Rachel Talalay Steven Moffat 1 July 2017 (2017-07-01) 5.29 83
Special (2017)
276 "Twice Upon a Time"[20] Rachel Talalay[21] Steven Moffat[22] 25 December 2017 (2017-12-25) TBD TBD

Thirteenth Doctor

The Thirteenth Doctor will be portrayed by Jodie Whittaker.[23]

Series 11

Story Episode Title Directed by  Written by  Original air date UK viewers
(millions) [9]
AI [9]
277 1 TBA Jamie Childs[24] TBA 2018 (2018)[25] TBD TBD

References

Sources

  1. ^ "Dr Who 'longest-running sci-fi'". BBC. 28 September 2006. Retrieved 15 December 2007. 
  2. ^ "The BBC is already preparing for at least FIVE more series of Doctor Who". RadioTimes. Retrieved 2017-06-19. 
  3. ^ "BBC - Doctor Who Gets Brand Boost in China - Media Centre". www.bbc.co.uk. BBC. Retrieved 2017-06-19. 
  4. ^ Howe, David J.; Walker, Stephen James (2003) [1998]. "The Trial of a Time Lord: 1–4 : Details". Doctor Who: The Television Companion (Doctor Who website). BBC. Retrieved 27 October 2007. 
  5. ^ Cornell, Paul; Day, Martin; Topping, Keith (1995). "The Five Doctors: Details". Doctor Who: The Discontinuity Guide. BBC Doctor Who website. Retrieved 27 October 2007. 
  6. ^ Spilsbury, Tom (22 April 2009). "The Mighty 200!". Doctor Who Magazine. Royal Tunbridge Wells, Kent: Panini Comics (407): 26–29. 
  7. ^ "Doctor Who: Bradley Walsh among new cast members". BBC News. 22 October 2017. Retrieved 23 October 2017. 
  8. ^ "Everything we know so far about 'Doctor Who' Season 11". CultBox. 8 February 2017. Retrieved 20 February 2017. 
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf "Ratings Guide". Doctor Who News. Retrieved 27 December 2014. 
  10. ^ "Tom Baker". BBC Doctor Who website. 12 August 2004. Archived from the original on 29 December 2008. Retrieved 23 April 2013. 
  11. ^ The Five Doctors was first broadcast in the United States on 23 November 1983, the actual date of the programme's 20th anniversary.
  12. ^ "Doctor Who – Classic Series – Episode Guide – Second Doctor Index". BBC. Retrieved 18 May 2011. 
  13. ^ Sullivan, Shannon (7 August 2007). "Silver Nemesis". A Brief History of Time Travel. Retrieved 30 August 2008. 
  14. ^ Parts Two and Three of Silver Nemesis were first broadcast in New Zealand on 25 November 1988 as part of a compilation broadcast before their UK transmission.[13]
  15. ^ Howe, David J.; Walker, Stephen James. "The TV Movie: Details". Doctor Who: The Television Companion (Doctor Who website). BBC. Retrieved 26 July 2007. 
  16. ^ Segal, Philip; Russell, Gary (2000). Doctor Who: Regeneration. Harper Collins Entertainment. ISBN 0-00-710591-6. 
  17. ^ "The DWM Archive: Doctor Who (1996) – In Production". Doctor Who Magazine Special Edition (5). 3 September 2003. p. 69. ISSN 0957-9818. 
  18. ^ "Bad Wolf" / "The Parting of the Ways" at Doctor Who: A Brief History of Time (Travel) Retrieved 28 November 2007.
  19. ^ "Doctor Who to be filmed in HD". Doctor Who Online. 4 February 2009. Archived from the original on 10 February 2010. Retrieved 22 April 2010. 
  20. ^ "The 2017 Doctor Who Christmas special will be called.." Radio Times. 23 July 2017. Retrieved 23 July 2017. 
  21. ^ Marcus (10 July 2017). "Doctor Who at San Diego Comic-Con". Doctor Who News. Retrieved 11 July 2017. 
  22. ^ "Everything we know so far about 'Doctor Who' Season 10". CultBox. 20 August 2016. Retrieved 2 January 2017. 
  23. ^ "Doctor Who: Jodie Whittaker is to replace Peter Capaldi in the Time Lord regeneration game". The Telegraph. 16 July 2017. Retrieved 16 July 2017. 
  24. ^ Cite error: The named reference SarahDaviesCMM was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  25. ^ Cite error: The named reference BBC_companions was invoked but never defined (see the help page).

Footnotes

  1. ^ Shada was left unfinished due to a strike. Its recorded footage was later released on home video using linking narration by Tom Baker to complete the story. It is not included in the episode or story counts as it was not broadcast.
  2. ^ "TVM" is used in the BBC's online episode guide.[15] The actual code used during production is 50/LDX071Y/01X.[16]Doctor Who Magazine's "Complete Eighth Doctor Special" gives the production code as #83705.[17]Big Finish Productions uses the code 8A, and numbers its subsequent Eighth Doctor stories correspondingly.

General websites

External links