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Space Battleship Yamato

Space Battleship Yamato

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In 2199, five years after the start of the Gamilas attack on Earth, the planet has been ravaged by the aliens’ radiation bombs and the remnants of humanity have fled underground. One day, former pilot Susumu Kodai discovers a capsule sent from the planet Iskandar that tells of a device that can remove the radiation from the Earth’s surface. The United Nations of Space Administration rebuilds the battleship Yamato, with a new type of propulsion system – the wave motion engine. This enables her to make the long trip to Iskandar and back in hopes of saving the Earth. Within 73 days, the radiation will drive the rest of humanity to extinction.

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Space Battleship Yamato
Cosmoship Yamato vol 1.JPG
Cover of the first volume of the manga adaptation from the seventies titled Cosmoship Yamato.
宇宙戦艦ヤマト
(Uchū Senkan Yamato)
GenreSpace opera, Military science fiction, Adventure
Anime television series
Directed byLeiji Matsumoto
Produced byYoshinobu Nishizaki
Written byStory:
Yoshinobu Nishizaki
Screenplay:
Eiichi Yamamoto
Keisuke Fujikawa
Maru Tamura
Music byHiroshi Miyagawa
StudioAcademy Productions,
Group TAC
Original networkYomiuri TV
Original run October 6, 1974 March 30, 1975
Episodes26 (List of episodes)
Manga
Cosmoship Yamato
Written byLeiji Matsumoto
Published byAkita Shoten
English publisher
DemographicShōnen
MagazineAdventure King
Original runNovember 1974April 1975
Volumes3
Original video animation
Great Yamato No. Zero
Directed byTomoharu Katsumata
Produced byLeiji Matsumoto
Written byStory:
Leiji Matsumoto
Screenplay:
Kazuo Kasahara
Music byHiroshi Miyagawa
StudioGod Ship Company
JCF Studio
Released March 31, 2004 June 15, 2007
Runtime45 minutes (each)
Episodes5
Sequels, Spin-Offs and Remakes

TV series:

OVAs:

Animated films:

Live-action films:

Wikipe-tan face.svg Anime and Manga portal

Space Battleship Yamato (Japanese: 宇宙戦艦ヤマト, Hepburn: Uchū Senkan Yamato, also called Cosmoship Yamato and Star Blazers) is a Japanese science fiction anime series created by manga artist and director Leiji Matsumoto and writer Yoshinobu Nishizaki and animated by Academy Productions and Group TAC. The series aired in Yomiuri TV from October 6, 1974 to March 30, 1975, totaling up to 26 episodes. It revolves around the character Susumu Kodai and a crew of people on Earth, tasked in going into space aboard the space warship Yamato in search for the Planet Iscandar in order to reverse the damage done to their planet after it was destroyed by the Gamilians.

It is one of the most influential anime series in Japan due to its theme and story, marking a turn towards more complex serious works and influencing works such as Mobile Suit Gundam, Neon Genesis Evangelion[2] and Super Dimension Fortress Macross as well as video games such as Space Invaders.[3][4]Hideaki Anno has ranked Yamato as his favorite anime[5] and credited it with sparking his interest in anime.[6]

Yamato was the first anime series or movie to win the Seiun Award, a feat not repeated until the film Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind (1984).

Development

Conceived in 1973 by producer Yoshinobu Nishizaki, the project underwent heavy revisions. Originally intended to be an outer-space variation on Lord of the Flies, the project at first was titled "Asteroid Ship Icarus" and had a multinational teenage crew journeying through space in a hollowed-out asteroid in search of the planet Iscandar. There was to be much discord among the crew; many of them acting purely out of self-interest and for personal gain. The enemy aliens were originally called Rajendora.[7][8]

When Leiji Matsumoto was brought onto the project, many of these concepts were discarded.[9] It is his art direction, ship designs and unique style that accredit him in fans' eyes as the true creator of Space Battleship Yamato, even though Nishizaki retains legal rights to the work.[10]

Plot

In the year 2199, an alien race known as the Gamilas (Gamilons in the English Star Blazers dub) unleash radioactive meteorite bombs on Earth, rendering the planet's surface uninhabitable.[11] Humanity has retreated into deep underground cities, but the radioactivity is slowly affecting them as well, with humanity's extinction estimated in one year. Earth's space fleet is hopelessly outclassed by the Gamilas and all seems lost until a message capsule from a mysterious crashed spaceship is retrieved on Mars. The capsule yields blueprints for a faster-than-light engine and an offering of help from Queen Starsha of the planet Iscandar in the Large Magellanic Cloud. She says that her planet has a device, the Cosmo-Cleaner D (Cosmo DNA), which can cleanse Earth of its radiation damage.[12]

The inhabitants of Earth secretly build a massive spaceship inside the ruins of the gigantic Japanese battleship Yamato which lies exposed at the former bottom of the ocean location where she was sunk in World War II. This becomes the "Space Battleship Yamato" for which the story is titled. Using Starsha's blueprints, they equip the new ship with a space warp drive, called the "wave motion engine", and a new, incredibly powerful weapon at the bow called the "Wave Motion Gun". The Wave Motion Engine (波動エンジン, hadō enjin) is capable of converting the vacuum of space into tachyon energy, as well as functioning like a normal rocket engine, and providing essentially infinite power to the ship, it enables the Yamato to "ride" the wave of tachyons and travel faster than light. The Wave Motion Gun (波動砲, hadō hō), also called the Dimensional Wave Motion Explosive Compression Emitter, is the "trump card" of the Yamato that functions by connecting the Wave Motion Engine to the enormous firing gate at the ship's bow, enabling the tachyon energy power of the engine to be fired in a stream directly forwards. Enormously powerful, it can vaporize a fleet of enemy ships—or a small continent (as seen in the first season, fifth episode)—with one shot; however, it takes a brief but critical period to charge before firing. In the English Star Blazers dub, the ship is noted as being the historical Yamato, but is then renamed the Argo (after the ship of Jason and the Argonauts).

A crew of 114 departs for Iscandar in the Yamato to retrieve the radiation-removing device and return to Earth within the one-year deadline. Along the way, they discover the motives of their blue-skinned adversaries: the planet Gamilas, sister planet to Iscandar, is dying; and its leader, Lord Desslar (Desslok in the Star Blazers dub), is trying to irradiate Earth enough for his people to move there, at the expense of the "barbarians" he considers humanity to be.[13]

The first season contained 26 episodes, following the Yamato's voyage out of the Milky Way Galaxy and back again. A continuing story, it features the declining health of Yamato's Captain Okita (Avatar in the Star Blazers dub), and the transformation of the brash young orphan Susumu Kodai (Derek Wildstar) into a mature officer, as well as his budding romance with female crewmember Yuki Mori (Nova Forrester). The foreign edits tend to play up the individual characters, while the Japanese original is often more focused on the ship itself.[13] In a speech at the 1995 Anime Expo, series episode director Noboru Ishiguro said low ratings and high production expenses forced producer Yoshinobu Nishizaki to trim down the episode count from the original 39 episodes to only 26. The 13 episodes would have introduced Captain Harlock as a new series character.[14]

Movie edition

The series was condensed into a 130-minute-long movie by combining elements from a few key episodes of the first season. Additional animation was created for the movie (such as the scenes on Iscandar) or recycled from the series' test footage (such as the opening sequence). The movie, which was released in Japan on August 6, 1977, was edited down further and dubbed into English in 1978; entitled Space Cruiser Yamato or simply Space Cruiser, it was only given a limited theatrical release in Europe and Latin America, where it was called Patrulla Estelar (Star Patrol, in Brazilian Portuguese) or Astronave Intrepido (Starship Intrepid, in Spanish), though it was later released on video in most countries.

Fictional chronology

Sequels

Farewell to Space Battleship Yamato (1978)

The success of the Yamato movie in Japan eclipsed that of the local release of Star Wars, leading to the production of a second movie that would end the story. Also going by the name Arrivederci Yamato, Farewell to Space Battleship Yamato, set in the year 2201, shows the Yamato crew going up against the White Comet Empire, a mobile city fortress called Gatlantis, from the Andromeda Galaxy. A titanic space battle results in the crew going out on a suicide mission to save humanity. The film has been considered as a non-canonical, alternate timeline.

Space Battleship Yamato II (1978)

Viewer dissatisfaction with the ending of Farewell to Space Battleship Yamato prompted the production of a second Yamato television season which retconned the film and presented a slightly different plot against Zōdah (Prince Zordar in the Star Blazers dub) and his Comet Empire, and ended without killing off the Yamato or its primary characters. Like Farewell, the story is set in the year 2201, and expands the film story to 26 episodes. This second season featured additional plots such as a love story between Teresa (Trelaina) and Yamato crew member Daisuke Shima (Mark Venture), and an onboard antagonism between Kodai and Saito (Knox), leader of a group of space marines.[citation needed]

Footage from Farewell to Space Battleship Yamato was reused in the second season, particularly in the opening titles. The sequence of the Yamato launching from water was also reused in two of the subsequent movies.

Yamato: The New Voyage (1979)

The television movie Yamato: The New Voyage (aka Yamato: The New Journey), came next, featuring a new enemy, the Black Nebula Empire. The story opens in late 2201. In the film, later modified into a theatrical movie, Desslar sees his homeworld, Gamilas, destroyed by the grey-skinned aliens, and its twin planet Iscandar next in line for invasion. He finds an eventual ally in the Yamato, then on a training mission under deputy captain Kodai.

Be Forever Yamato (1980)

The theatrical movie Be Forever Yamato, set in the year 2202, sees the Black Nebula Empire launch a powerful weapon at Earth, a hyperon bomb which will annihilate humanity if they resist a full-scale invasion. The Yamato, under new captain, Yamanami, travels to the aliens' home galaxy only to discover what appears to be a future Earth—defeated and ruled by the enemy. Appearing in this film is Sasha, the daughter of Queen Starsha of Iscandar and Mamoru Kodai (Susumu's older brother).

Space Battleship Yamato III (1980)

Following these movies, a third season of the television series was produced, broadcast on Japanese television in 1980. Its date was not mentioned in the broadcast, but design documents, as well as anime industry publications, cited the year 2205. In the story, the Sun is hit by a stray proton missile from a nearby battle between forces of the Galman Empire and Bolar Federation. This missile greatly accelerates nuclear fusion in the Sun, and humanity must either evacuate to a new home or find a means of preventing a supernova. During the course of the story, it is learned that the people of the Galman Empire are actually the forebears of Desslar and the Gamilas race. Desslar and the remnants of his space fleet have found and liberated Galman from the Bolar Federation. Originally conceived as a 52-episode story, funding cuts meant the season had to be truncated to 25 episodes, with a corresponding loss of overall story development. This third season was adapted into English several years after the original Star Blazers run and, to the dissatisfaction of fans, used different voice actors than did the earlier seasons.

Final Yamato (1983)

Premiering in Japanese theaters on March 19, 1983, Final Yamato reunites the crew one more time to combat the threat of the Denguilu, a militaristic alien civilization that intends to use the water planet, Aquarius, to flood Earth and resettle there (having lost their home planet to a galactic collision). Captain Okita, who was found to be in cryogenic sleep since the first season, returns to command the Yamato and sacrifices himself to stop the Denguili's plan. Susumu and Yuki also get married.

The story is set in the year 2203, contradicting earlier assumptions that its predecessor, Yamato III, took place in 2205. Having a running time of 165 minutes, Final Yamato holds the record of being the longest animated film ever made, a record which has yet to be surpassed as of 2017.

Yamato 2520 (1994)

In the mid-1990s, Nishizaki attempted to create a sequel to Yamato, set hundreds of years after the original. Yamato 2520 was to chronicle the adventures of the eighteenth starship to bear the name, and its battle against the Seiren Federation. Much of the continuity established in the original series (including the destruction of Earth's moon) is ignored in this sequel.

In place of Leiji Matsumoto, American artist Syd Mead (∀ Gundam, Blade Runner, Tron and Star Trek: The Motion Picture) provided the conceptual art.

Due to the bankruptcy of Nishizaki's company Office Academy (former Academy Productions), and legal disputes with Matsumoto over the ownership of the Yamato copyrights, the series was never finished and only three episodes were produced.

Space Battleship Great Yamato (2000)

Space Battleship Great Yamato (新宇宙戦艦ヤマト, Shin Uchū Senkan Yamato, lit. "New Space Battleship Yamato") is a graphic novel comic created by the animator Leiji Matsumoto.[15][16] For a time it was streaming online.[17] However this has since stopped.

New Space Battleship Yamato (2004, cancelled)

In March 2002, a Tokyo court ruled that Yoshinobu Nishizaki legally owned the Yamato copyrights. Nishizaki and Matsumoto eventually settled, and Nishizaki pushed ahead with developing a new Yamato television series. Project proposals for a 26-episode television series were drawn up in early 2004, but no further work was done with Tohoku Shinsha not backing the project. American series expert Tim Eldred was able to secure a complete package of art, mecha designs, and story outline at an auction over Japanese store Mandarake in April 2014.[18]

Set 20 years after Final Yamato, the series would have shown Susumu Kodai leading a salvage operation for the remains of the Yamato. The ship is rebuilt as the Earth Defense Force builds a second Space Battleship Yamato to combat the Balbard Empire, an alien race that has erected a massive honeycombed cage called Ru Sak Gar, over Earth in a bid to stop the human race's spacefaring efforts. A feature film to be released after the series ended would have featured the original space battleship fighting the Balbards' attempt to launch a black hole at Earth. Kodai, Yuki, and Sanada are the only original series characters who would have returned in the series.

Great Yamato No. Zero (2004)

Great Yamato No. Zero (大ヤマト零号, Dai Yamato Zero-go) is the second original animated video based on Space Battleship Yamato[19]

The story begins in 3199, when a mighty enemy attacks the Milky Way from a neighbouring galaxy, and defeats the Milky Way Alliance, reducing them to just six fleets. After the Alliance headquarters is destroyed, and when the collapse of the central Milky Way Alliance is imminent, the Great Yamato "Zero" embarks on a mission to assist the Milky Way Alliance in one last great battle.

Yamato: Resurrection (2009)

Although New Space Battleship Yamato was sent to the discard pile, Nishizaki began work on a new movie titled Yamato: Resurrection (宇宙戦艦ヤマト 復活篇, Uchū Senkan Yamato: Fukkatsu hen), set after the original series, while Matsumoto planned a new Yamato series. However, additional legal conflicts stalled both projects until August 2008, when Nishizaki announced plans for the release of his film on December 12, 2009.[20][21]

Set 17 years after the events of Final Yamato, Resurrection brings together some members of the Yamato crew, who lead Earth's inhabitants to resettle in a far-flung star system after a black hole is discovered, which will destroy the solar system in three months.

Remakes

Live-action film (2010)

Released on December 1, 2010, Space Battleship Yamato is the franchise's first live-action film. Directed by Takashi Yamazaki, the movie stars Takuya Kimura as Susumu Kodai and Meisa Kuroki as Yuki. It was revealed originally that the plot would be based on that of the 1974 series.[22][23] However, an official trailer released during June 2010 on Japanese television has also shown elements from the series' second season (1978).

Yamato 2199 (2012)

Debuting in Japanese cinemas on April 7, 2012, 2199 is a remake of the 1974 series. Yutaka Izubuchi serves as supervising director, with character designs by Nobuteru Yuki, and Junichiro Tamamori and Makoto Kobayashi in charge of mecha and conceptual designs. The series is a joint project of Xebec and AIC. Hideaki Anno designed the new series' opening sequence.[24]

Yamato 2202 (2017)

The sequel to the first remake heptalogy, and debuting in Japanese Cinemas on February 25, 2017, 2202 is a remake of the second series, with Nobuyoshi Habara as director and Harutoshi Fukui as writer. Most of the staff and original cast from the first remake were brought back to the project. It is animated by Xebec.

Timeline(s)

With the retelling of Arrivederci Yamato as the open-ended Yamato II television series (ending in late 2201), Arrivederci Yamato was redesignated as a discardable, alternate timeline. The follow-on film, Yamato: New Journey, took place in late 2201; and its successor, Be Forever Yamato, in early 2202. Yamato III was commonly believed to be set in 2205 (several printed publications used this date, although it was never stated in the show's broadcast). But the following film, Final Yamato, was set in 2203. The opening narration of Final mentioned the Bolar/Galman conflict, implying that the date for Yamato III was to be regarded as some time between 2202 and 2203 (making for an unrealistic and compressed timeline).

It is not known if this change was due to the lackluster response to Yamato III, the production staff's dissatisfaction with the truncated series (additionally, Nishizaki and Matsumoto had limited involvement with it), or a mere oversight.

In 2220, the ship is rebuilt following the events of Final Yamato. The new captain of the ship is Susumu Kodai, who was the main character in the previous movies. This told in Space Battleship Yamato: Resurrection that it is set 17 years after Final Yamato.

Staff

Series Staff Studio
Direction Production Story Screenplay
Space Battleship Yamato
(1974 series)
Leiji Matsumoto Yoshinobu Nishizaki Eiichi Yamamoto
Keisuke Fujikawa
Maru Tamura
Academy Productions
& Group TAC
Space Battleship Yamato
(1977 film)
Eiichi Yamamoto
Arrivederci Yamato Noboru Ishiguro Yoshinobu Nishizaki Leiji Matsumoto
Space Battleship Yamato II Eiichi Yamamoto
Keisuke Fujikawa
Yamato: The New Voyage Toshio Masuda Hideaki Yamamoto
Be Forever Yamato
Space Battleship Yamato III Hiroshi Sasagawa Eiichi Yamamoto
Keisuke Fujikawa
Hideaki Yamamoto
Final Yamato Tomoharu Katsumata Eiichi Yamamoto
Kazuo Kasahara
Yamato 2520 Takeshi Shirato
Shigenori Kageyama
Yoshinobu Nishizaki Eiichi Yamamoto
Yasushi Hirano
Studio Take Off
Great Yamato No. Zero Tomoharu Katsumata Leiji Matsumoto Kazuo Kasahara God Ship Company
& JCF Studios
Yamato Resurrection Yoshinobu Nishizaki Toshio Masuda
Takeshi Shirato
Yoshinobu Nishizaki Bull Ishihara
Atsuhiro Tomioka
Enagio
Yamato 2199 Akihiro Enomoto Atsushi Ariyoshii
Hideaki Matsumoto
Fumi Teranishi
Mikio Gunji
Yutaka Izubuchi Yutaka Izubuchi
Hiroshi Ōnogi
Sadayuki Murai
Shigeru Morita
Xebec & AIC
Odyssey of the Celestial Ark Makoto Bessho Fumi Teranishi
Mikio Gunji
Yutaka Izubuchi Yutaka Izubuchi
Hiroshi Ōnogi
Xebec
Yamato 2202 Nobuyoshi Habara Shoji Nishizaki Harutoshi Fukui Harutoshi Fukui Xebec, OLM &
Production I.G.

Space Battleship Yamato arcade game

Space Battleship Yamato was a 1985 Japanese exclusive Laserdisc video game designed by Taito which was based on the television series of the same name.[25][26]

Characters

The Space Battleship Yamato series generally involves themes of brave sacrifice, noble enemies, and respect for heroes lost in the line of duty. This can be seen as early as the second episode of the first season, which recounts the defeat of the original battleship Yamato while sailors and pilots from both sides salute her as she sinks (this scene was cut from the English dub, but later included on the Star Blazers DVD release). The movies spend much time showing the crew visiting monuments to previous missions and recalling the bravery of their fallen comrades. Desslar, the enemy defeated in the first season and left without a home or a people, recognizes that his foes are fighting for the same things he fought for and, eventually, becomes Earth's most important ally.

English title

For many years, English-language releases of the anime bore the title Space Cruiser Yamato. This romanization has appeared in Japanese publications because Nishizaki, a sailing enthusiast who owned a cruiser yacht, ordered that this translation be used out of love for his boat. However, in reference to naval nomenclature, it is technically inaccurate, as senkan (戦艦) means "battleship" and not "cruiser" (which in Japanese would be jun'yōkan (巡洋艦)). Leiji Matsumoto's manga adaptation was titled Cosmoship Yamato.[15][16] Today, Yamato releases, including the Voyager Entertainment DVD, are marketed either as Star Blazers or Space Battleship Yamato.

Star Blazers (1979) is a heavily edited dubbed version for the United States market produced by Westchester Film Corporation. Voyager Entertainment released DVD volumes and comic adaptations of the anime years later.

References

  1. ^ "Seven Seas Shoots for the Stars With Release of Leiji Matsumoto's SPACE BATTLESHIP YAMATO: THE CLASSIC COLLECTION Hardcover Manga Omnibus". Seven Seas Entertainment. 14 November 2017. Retrieved 14 November 2017..mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser-output .citation q{quotes:"\"""\"""'""'"}.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-free a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/65/Lock-green.svg/9px-Lock-green.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-registration a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-gray-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-subscription a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-red-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration{color:#555}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span{border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help}.mw-parser-output .cs1-ws-icon a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/4c/Wikisource-logo.svg/12px-Wikisource-logo.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output code.cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:inherit;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-maint{display:none;color:#33aa33;margin-left:0.3em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right{padding-right:0.2em}
  2. ^ "Yamato also caused a paradigm shift in animation. Departing from the usual plot of "good vanquishes evil" so common in children’s programming, it acknowledged the enemy’s necessity in attacking Earth: the Gamilons must relocate, as their home planet is doomed to die. The highly realistic design of "mecha" (meka) — mechanical vessels and weapons — also set the standard for the genre of "mecha-robot anime". Without Yamato there would have been no Gundam or Evangelion (pls. 30, 33)." "Space Battleship Yamato" entry in Little Boy 2005 ed. Takashi Murakami ISBN 0300102852
  3. ^ Kohler, Chris (2016). Power-Up: How Japanese Video Games Gave the World an Extra Life. Courier Dover Publications. p. 19. ISBN 9780486801490.
  4. ^ "Tomohiro Nishikado – 2000 Developer Interview". Game Maestro. 1. 2000.
  5. ^ "Kazuhiko Shimamoto and Hideaki Anno". Web.archive.org. 7 April 2005. Archived from the original on 7 April 2005.
  6. ^ "A Yamato Discussion with Hideaki Anno, Leiji Matsumoto, and Hiroshi Miyagawa; translated from the 1998 Railway of Fantasy Concert Program". Starblazers.com. Archived from the original on 29 November 2010.CS1 maint: Unfit url (link)
  7. ^ "1973-1976 Timeline". StarBlazers.com. Archived from the original on 15 March 2012. Retrieved 6 September 2008.CS1 maint: Unfit url (link)
  8. ^ "Leiji Matsumoto 1976 Interview". StarBlazers.com. Archived from the original on 14 March 2012. Retrieved 1 September 2009.CS1 maint: Unfit url (link)
  9. ^ "Yamato X Harlock: Ships in the Night". Starblazers.com. Archived from the original on 2012-10-12. Retrieved 2012-08-13.
  10. ^ "A Rainbow of Threads". StarBlazers.com. Archived from the original on March 21, 2012. Retrieved 2008-09-10.CS1 maint: Unfit url (link)
  11. ^ "Yamato Origins". StarBlazers.com. Archived from the original on February 2, 2012. Retrieved 2010-06-03.CS1 maint: Unfit url (link)
  12. ^ "Matsumoto's Yamato". StarBlazers.com. Archived from the original on February 8, 2009. Retrieved 2009-09-01.CS1 maint: Unfit url (link)
  13. ^ a b "Make way for StarBlazers" (PDF). StarBlazers.com. Archived from the original on January 20, 2013. Retrieved 2009-09-11.CS1 maint: Unfit url (link)
  14. ^ Fenelon, Robert. Yamato Forever, Animerica, Vol 3 No 8, August 1995.
  15. ^ a b "Cosmoship Yamato Part 1: The Leiji Matsumoto Manga". StarBlazers.com. Archived from the original on January 5, 2011. Retrieved 2008-10-02.CS1 maint: Unfit url (link)
  16. ^ a b "Cosmoship Yamato Part 2: The Leiji Matsumoto Manga". StarBlazers.com. Archived from the original on March 14, 2012. Retrieved 2008-10-02.CS1 maint: Unfit url (link)
  17. ^ "Great Yamato #0 Volume 1 Streamed Online for Free". Anime News Network. 2007-06-01. Retrieved 2009-08-02.
  18. ^ "New Yamato Proposal Plan". Ourstarblazers.com. Retrieved 12 May 2016.
  19. ^ "Yamato Copyright Suits Settled for 250 Million Yen". Anime News Network. Retrieved 25 June 2009.
  20. ^ "New Attempt at Yamato Anime Project Announced". Anime News Network. 2008-08-01. Retrieved 2008-08-31.
  21. ^ "Brand New Day". StarBlazers.com. Archived from the original on September 1, 2009. Retrieved 2008-10-02.CS1 maint: Unfit url (link)
  22. ^ "Noboru Ishiguro Confirms Live-Action Yamato in Development (Update 2)". Anime News Network. 2009-07-18.
  23. ^ "Live-Action Space Battleship Yamato Film's Cast Listed (Update 3)". Anime News Network. 2009-10-02.
  24. ^ "Evangelion Director Hideaki Anno to Design Yamato 2199 Anime Opening". Crunchyroll. 2012-02-25. Retrieved 2012-02-25.
  25. ^ "The Forgotten Game 2". StarBlazers.com. Archived from the original on 14 March 2012.CS1 maint: Unfit url (link)
  26. ^ "1985 Laserdisc Game Part 2". StarBlazers.com. Archived from the original on 26 July 2012.CS1 maint: Unfit url (link)

External links

source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Space_Battleship_Yamato

Star Blazers

Star Blazers

imdb_logo* Summary text borrowed  (volunteer to craft a summary!)

In the late 2100s, the planet Gamilon, a world far beyond Earth’s solar system, declares an invasion of Earth. The nations of Earth fight as one against the Gamilons, but one by one, Earth’s fleets are defeated. When the nations of Earth refuse to surrender, Gamilon begins bombarding Earth with planet bombs, radioactive missiles that look like meteors, which gradually spread deadly radiation all over Earth, forcing what’s left of humanity to retreat to underground cities. Queen Starsha of planet Iscandar contacts Earth and promises to provide Cosmo-DNA that can remove the radioactivity and restore Earth to beautiful life. She provides plans to an engine that will allow a brave, young group of technicians to journey more than a hundred thousand light-years to Iscandar, obtain the Cosmo-DNA, and return to Earth within one Earth year. In 2199, an ancient seagoing vessel is fitted with the awesome engine and launched toward Iscandar. Along the way, the intrepid crew must fight the … Written by Kevin McCorry <mmccorry@nb.sympatico.ca>

Reviews & Trailers

Related Shows & Movies

Battleship Yamato: 2199 (TV series)

Wikipedia

Star Blazers
Starblazers title.jpg
StarringKenneth Meseroll
Eddie Allen
Amy Howard Wilson
Mike Czechopoulos
Jack Grimes
Chris Latta
Lydia Leeds
Corinne Orr
Gordon Ramsey
Tom Tweedy
Country of originUnited States
Japan
Original language(s)English
No. of seasons3
No. of episodes77 (list of episodes)
Production company(s)Claster Television
Sunwagon Productions
DistributorWestchester Film Corporation
ARP Films, Inc.
Release
Original releaseSeptember 17, 1979 –
December 4, 1984

Star Blazers is an American animated television series adaptation of the Japanese anime series Space Battleship Yamato I (1974), II (1978), and III (1980) (宇宙戦艦ヤマト, Uchū Senkan Yamato). Star Blazers was first broadcast in the United States in 1979. It was the first popular English-translated anime that had an overarching plot and storyline that required the episodes to be viewed in order, which paved the way for future arc-based, plot-driven anime translations.[1] It also dealt with somewhat more mature themes than other productions aimed at the same target audience at the time.

Plot

Star Blazers consists of three television seasons. Each is an English-language adaption of its Japanese counterpart Space Battleship Yamato. However, the Japanese saga entails more than just these three television seasons, and part of this missing portion of the saga occurs between Seasons Two and Three, in the movies Yamato: The New Voyage and Be Forever Yamato.

In the first season, Earth is attacked by Gamilon, a distant planet. The radiation from Gamilon's planet bombs forces everyone on Earth underground. With no way to remove the radiation, all life on Earth will be wiped out in one year. The Earth then receives unexpected help from Queen Starsha of the planet Iscandar, who offers a device called "Cosmo DNA" which will remove the radiation. However, since Iscandar is 148,000 light years away, Starsha also sends plans for the experimental Wave Motion Engine that, when constructed, will help whoever can travel to Iscandar. On Earth, a crew is recruited, headed by Captain Avatar, and an old sunken battleship (the Yamato) is transformed into a spaceship (the Argo), outfitted with the Wave Motion Engine, and sent to Iscandar.

The second season takes place one year after the Argo returns to Earth with the Cosmo DNA and Earth's ecosystem is restored. It now faces a new, dangerous enemy, the Comet Empire, led by Prince Zordar. Unlike Gamilon, which was seeking to capture and colonize Earth, Zordar simply wants to conquer and annex Earth to his Empire. Desslok, the Gamilon leader, also joins forces with Zordar, mainly because he wants revenge on the Argo for having destroyed Gamilon. The series revolves around the Argo, now commanded by Deputy Captain Derek Wildstar, working with the Earth Defense Force to face Zordar.

In the third season, the Argo is caught in the middle of a war between the Galmans (the reformed Gamilon Empire) and the Bolar Federation. A stray missile fired during the war causes the sun's thermonuclear reactions to go out of control. Unless it can be stopped, the sun will destroy the Earth in one year and the entire solar system in three. Now officially in command of the Argo, Derek Wildstar is charged to help find a new home for Earth's population.

Episodes

Characters

First and second seasons

Major characters appearing in Seasons One and Two are listed below by their canonical (Westchester) names:

Character Performer Position Origin
Captain Avatar Gordon Ramsey Captain of the Argo and Star Force Commander Earth
Derek Wildstar Kenneth Meseroll Deputy Captain, Argo (season 1); Acting Captain and Star Force Commander (season 2) Earth
Mark Venture[2] Tom Tweedy Chief Navigator, Argo Earth
Nova Forrester Amy Howard Wilson Radar Operator, Nurse, Argo Earth
Sandor (?) Science Officer, Argo Earth
Homer Michael Bertolini Communications Chief, Argo Earth
Eager (?) Assistant Navigator, Argo Earth
Dash Eddie Allen Artillery Unit, Argo Earth
Orion Gordon Ramsey Chief Engineer, Argo Earth
Conroy (?) Black Tiger Leader Earth
Hardy (?) Black Tiger Pilot Earth
Dr. Sane Frank Pita Doctor, Argo Earth
IQ-9 (?) Survey Robot, Argo Earth
Sgt. Knox Chris Latta Space Marine Leader, Brumus Earth
Captain Gideon Chris Latta Captain of Andromeda Earth
Commander (?) Commander, Earth Defense Force Earth
Stone same as Homer General, EDF Earth
Miss Efficiency (?) Medical Robot, EDF Earth
Alex Wildstar (?) Brother of Derek Earth
Queen Starsha Lydia Leeds Ruler of Iscandar Iscandar
Astra none sister of Starsha Iscandar
Leader Desslok Eddie Allen Gamilon Leader Gamilon
General Krypt (?) Adjutant to Desslok Gamilon
General Talan (?) Adjutant to Desslok Gamilon
General Lysis (?) Commander of Balan Base Gamilon
Volgar Mike Czechopoulos Adjutant to Lysis Gamilon
Colonel Ganz (?) Commander of Pluto Base Gamilon
Major Bane (?) Adjutant to Ganz Gamilon
Prince Zordar (?) Ruler of Comet Empire Comet Empire
Princess Invidia Morgan Lofting Daughter of Zordar Comet Empire
General Dire Chris Latta Imperial Command Staff Comet Empire
General Gorse Frank Pita Imperial Command Staff Comet Empire
General Turpis / Bleak (?) Combined Fleet Commander Comet Empire
General Torbuck (?) Antimatter Missile Fleet Commander Comet Empire
General Naska (?) Advance Attack Unit Commander Comet Empire
General Scorch (?) Tank Battalion Commander Comet Empire
Morta (?) Advisor to Desslok Comet Empire
Mazor (?) Bomber Pilot Comet Empire
Trelaina Lydia Leeds Sole survivor on Telezart Telezart

Third season

Major characters appearing in Season Three are as follows:

Character Performer Position Origin
Derek Wildstar John Belucci Captain, Argo Earth
Mark Venture Peter Fernandez Chief Navigator, Argo Earth
Nova Forrester Corinne Orr Radar Operator, Argo Earth
Sandor (?) Science Officer, Argo Earth
Homer Glitchman[Note 1] (?) Communications Chief, Argo Earth
Eager (?) Assistant Navigator, Argo Earth
Lt. Dash (?) Artillery Unit, Argo Earth
Orion (?) New Chief Engineer, Argo Earth
Cory Conroy[Note 2] (?) Black Tiger Leader Earth
Dr. Sane (?) Doctor, Argo Earth
IQ-9 (?) Survey Robot, Argo Earth
Jason Jetter Lionel Wilson[3] Recruit Dish-Washer, Argo Earth
Flash Contrail (?) Recruit Pilot, Argo Earth
Commander (?) Commander,
Earth Defense Force
Earth
Leader Desslok (?) Galman Emperor Galman
Sgt. Masterson (Talan) (?) Adjutant to Desslok Galman
Admiral Keeling (?) Head of Staff Galman
Admiral Smeerdom (?) Commander of Eastern Task Force Galman
Admiral Smellen (?) Commander of Western Task Force Galman
Admiral Gustaf Jack Grimes Commander of 3rd Local Fleet Galman
General Dagon (?) Commander of Carrier Fleet Galman
Luchner von Feral (?) Subspace Submarine Pack Commander Galman
Major Cranshaw (?) Technology Major Galman
Bemlayze (?) Bolar Prime Minister Bolar Federation
Golsakof (?) Adjutant to Bemlayze Bolar Federation
Brozof (?) Governor of Planet Berth Bolar Federation
Ram (?) Captain of Legendra Bolar Federation
Queen Mariposa Corinne Orr Exiled Ruler of Guardiana Guardiana
Queen Guardiana (?) Goddess of Guardiana Guardiana

Production and release

In 1977, before the debut of the American Star Blazers series, the Japanese anime film Space Battleship Yamato (or Space Cruiser Yamato as it was known at the time) was dubbed into English and retitled Space Cruiser. This film was sold and released in several countries, including the United States, Britain and France. The American release was extremely limited, and eventually ended up airing on television in the Los Angeles area in 1978.

Following this, the Westchester Corporation identified the first Space Battleship Yamato anime series from 1974 as a potential "kids' property"[4] and bought the rights to the first two seasons (season three had not been made yet). Dubbing and editing were done by Griffin-Bacal Advertising and production and syndication was handled by Claster Television. The Japanese language elements such as series title and scene captions were replaced or removed. New opening credit rolls were created featuring the "Star Blazers" logo. The series premiered in the San Francisco Bay Area on September 17, 1979 as part of the weekday show Captain Cosmic on KTVU 2.[5]Star Blazers initial broadcasts received high ratings, and subsequent rebroadcasts contributed to build anime fandom in northern California.

Being marketed to a school-age audience, this animated space opera was bowdlerized by the American editors in order to satisfy the broadcast standards and practices offices of American television stations.[6] However, far fewer edits were made than with another 1970s anime, Battle of the Planets (an edited version of Science Ninja Team Gatchaman). Even in its edited American form Star Blazers retains practically all of its uniquely Japanese characteristics in terms of content, plot, character development, and philosophy.[7]

Principal changes in the transformation to Star Blazers included westernization of character names, reduction of personal violence, toning down of offensive language and alcohol use (references to sake were changed to "spring water", and the Doctor's perpetually drunken state was portrayed as merely good humor), removal of sexual fan service, and reduction of references to World War II (though the sunken battleship ruins were still identified as the battleship Yamato in dialogue). The most significant reference removed—and the longest single edit in the series—was a section from episode two depicting the Battleship Yamato's final battle during World War II, including imagery of the captain tied to the helm as he went down with his ship. (This section was not in the bonus content on the Voyager Entertainment Series 1, Part II English-language DVD release.)

Many fans regard Star Blazers as more "adult" than other cartoons shown in the United States at the time, as personal tragedy, funeral scenes for fallen comrades, and the extinction faced by humanity were left intact. The very Japanese theme of "the honorable enemy" was also a tremendously important aspect of character development; in particular, the major villain of the first series, Desslok, during the second and third seasons, as well as in the later movies.

The most significant change made by Griffin-Bacal was purely narrative: In the original series, the Yamato and its crew were regarded as a single entity, the narrator each week urging "Yamato, hurry to Iscandar!". In English, the significance of the name Yamato as a word the viewers would identify with, signifying the land, people, and spirit of Japan, is lost, so in Star Blazers the crew were named the Star Force and became the focus of the series. The ship is still the historical Yamato and is referred to as such in early episodes (although the ship's backstory is edited out), but is renamed the Argo (after the ship Argo of Jason and the Argonauts); the crew keep calling "it" (not "her") Star Force and the ship becomes merely the vessel in which they travel.[6]

The first two seasons ("The Quest for Iscandar" and "The Comet Empire") were broadcast in 1979 and 1980. By the time the third season of Yamato was released, the original voice actors were unable to be reached by the American production company. The third season (released as "The Bolar Wars") played to a small test market and was not as widely seen until its release on video and DVD. It remains less popular than the first two seasons. Many of the original English voice actors have since been tracked down and interviewed for the more recent Star Blazers DVD releases.

The American dub version of Star Blazers series one and two aired in 1983 in Australia on the ABC network. The series aired Monday through Friday at 5pm.[8]

Remake

After four years of planning, a 26-episode animated remake of the 1974 story arc, Star Blazers: Space Battleship Yamato 2199 (Uchū Senkan Yamato 2199), debuted in Japan on April 7, 2012. The series began release in North America on limited-edition DVDs and Blu-rays via Voyager Entertainment USA and Bandai Visual on February 27, 2014, under the title Star Blazers 2199 in Japanese language with English Subtitles (created by Bang Zoom! Entertainment). The strong Japanese popularity of this remake, directed by Yutaka Izubuchi, has led to the production of an all-new animated feature film (set within the year 2199, during the return voyage to Earth), wherein our heroes encounter an advance fleet of the Comet Empire. Space Battleship Yamato 2199: Ark of the Stars (Uchū Senkan Yamato 2199: Hoshi-Meguru Hakobune) opened nationwide in Japan on December 6, 2014. A full series remake of the Comet Empire story arc started on February 25, 2017 as a sequel to the previous 26-episode remake under the title of Star Blazers: Space Battleship Yamato 2202 (Uchū Senkan Yamato 2202: Ai no Senshi-tachi) with the subtitle Warriors of Love. Funimation bought the rights to both remakes to create an English voiced dub.

Additionally, a feature film condensation of the 26-episode remake, Space Battleship Yamato 2199: Voyage of Remembrance (Uchū Senkan Yamato 2199: Tsuioku no Kokai), will screen nationwide in Japan on October 11, 2014 and make its U.S. Premiere at The Downtown Independent in Los Angeles on October 24, 2014 (under the title, Star Blazers 2199: A Voyage to Remember), as was officially announced during Voyager Entertainment's presentations in July 2014 at Anime Expo in Los Angeles and Comic-Con International in San Diego.

Live-action adaptations

During the mid-1990s, Walt Disney Pictures optioned the rights with the intent to produce a Star Blazers live-action movie from producer Josh C. Kline. An early draft of the script by Oscar-nominated writer Tab Murphy was leaked on the Internet in the late 1990s.[9] The story was a retelling of the Season One plot, and followed a ragtag crew of misfits (most of whom are not named after any of the original series' crew) aboard the rebuilt United States battleship Arizona on a mission to save Earth. The project was abandoned by Disney following the departure of David Vogel, Disney's President of Production. In April 2006, it was announced that another attempt at creating a live-action version of the story would be made, but no movie ever came out of it.[10][11]

A Space Battleship Yamato live-action movie was released in Japan on December 1, 2010, produced by Toshiaki Nakazawa and Kazuya Hamana. The film was directed by Takashi Yamazaki.

In February 2011, it was announced that an English-language live-action version was in the works. David Ellison's Skydance Productions was in negotiations to acquire the rights.[12][13]Christopher McQuarrie had been tapped to write the screenplay,[14][15] but no dates have been announced. By October 2013, Deadline reported that McQuarrie was also attached as director of the film and as co-producer as well alongside Josh C. Kline, David Ellison and Dana Goldberg, with Shouji Nizhizaki and Paul Schwake as executive producers for Skydance.[16] By March 2017, Ellison stated in an interview with LRM (Latino Review Media) at South by Southwest that Skydance has hired Zach Dean to write the screenplay with McQuarrie still attached as director, aiming to have it done by the time McQuarrie finishes directing Mission: Impossible – Fallout.[17][18]

American comic adaptations

To date, four American comic adaptations have been published: a five-volume series retelling the original story, two comic book series, and, most recently, a webcomic.[7]

West Cape Company Animation Comics

The first adaptation was a set of books presenting the original first season in five volumes using the original cel animation.[19] It was published in 1983 by West Cape Co., Ltd. under their imprint, W.C.C. Animation Comics. The books use digest footage that was already laid out and published for the Japanese market as "film comics". The translations relied heavily on the English dialog of Star Blazers, with minor modifications. The English language editions were printed in Japan and distributed by Books Nippan of Los Angeles, the American branch of Nippon Shuppan Hanbai. The title of each book includes "Original Title: Space Cruiser Yamato" as a subtitle.[7]

Comico

The second adaptation (actually two miniseries) was published by Comico Comics in the late 1980s and served as a postscript to the second season. The plot leveraged the fact that the Season Three script had misidentified the enemy in the New Voyage flashbacks as a remnant of the Comet Empire. In this series, it was discovered that the White Comet Empire's rear fleet (comprising fully half of the empire's entire fleet) still existed and—with Earth's entire fleet (other than the Argo) having been wiped out—only the Argo stood between this massive enemy fleet and Earth. In this story, the Comet Empire took over the Yamato and used it against Earth. The second Comico miniseries dealt with the Star Force's battle against a renegade Earth General and his alien allies. Due to its weak artwork and story, this second miniseries was less well received than the first.[20][21]

Voyager Entertainment Print

In the mid-1990s, Voyager Entertainment published 12 issues of a Star Blazers comic book before publication was halted due to poor sales.[22]

Voyager Entertainment webcomic

Star Blazers Rebirth is a webcomic formerly featured on the official Star Blazers site Although similar in storyline, it is not to be confused with the newest Yamato film, Yamato: Rebirth. The art and story is by Tim Eldred, who was also responsible for the Voyager Entertainment series. The Earth is once again threatened by a menace from space headed for the Earth 25 years after the first series; this time in the shape of what appears to be a moving black hole. At first, Earth's government does not believe the information, on the basis that black holes aren't supposed to be able to move. However, they eventually agree to send Earth's newest and most powerful ship, Andromeda II, to investigate. Upon reaching its destination, Andromeda II is quickly destroyed with all hands on board, though not before transmitting data to Earth. Shocked by the disaster and the lack of response from Earth's government, Wildstar remains out of service. He is now in his 40s, with gray hair and a beard grown in deliberate homage to the late Captain Avatar. He is haunted by nightmares both of his past and alternate pasts- the nightmares come but different people die, or familiar faces have new names. Finally Wildstar and Sandor devote their wealth and energies to rebuilding the nearly shattered Argo. The ship had been encased in ice and left floating in Earth orbit at the end of Final Yamato. Since most of the old surviving bridge crew of Argo are now captains in command of their own ships, many of the new crew members are the children or grandchildren of the original Argo crew. Earth's evacuation to numerous colonies has left Earth's forces stretched far too thinly, with several colonies beginning to break away from Earth's control under command of Captain Nenezich. Short on supplies, Argo heads toward the center of the galaxy in an attempt to learn more about the mysterious black hole and a rash of attacks on Earth's colonies.

Legacy

Television critic Matt Zoller Seitz of Vulture recommended the series in 2013 as one of eight great television series or mini-series people most likely have not seen before, stating that "this epic series about a refurbished battleship setting sail across the galaxy to save an apocalypse-ravaged Earth remains the reigning masterpiece of [the 1970s era of dubbed Japanese cartoons]—and its serialized storytelling was ahead of its time."[23] In Seitz's 2016 book co-written with Alan Sepinwall titled TV (The Book), they wrote that this series or its original Japanese counterpart would have made their list of the top 100 greatest shows of all time had they not excluded foreign television from the list, citing their lack of sufficient knowledge for television outside the United States.[24]

Home video releases

DVDs of the three television seasons were released in 2002 by Voyager Entertainment, entitled The Quest for Iscandar, The Comet Empire and The Bolar Wars.[25] Each season is contained on six discs, and each disc included bonus footage or material. The discs are available individually or as collections, in three separate boxed sets of six discs each.[26]

Notes

  1. ^ Homer's last name, Glitchman, was added by Westchester for the third season. No last name was used in previous seasons.
  2. ^ Cory is actually the younger brother of the Conroy from Seasons 1 and 2. That Conroy was never given a first name and was killed during the battle with the Comet Empire near Earth. Since this was not revealed in Star Blazers, the audience is allowed to assume that the two brothers are one and the same.

References

  1. ^ "Star Blazers Chronicles: Westchester Films". StarBlazers.com. Archived from the original on 12 October 2012.CS1 maint: Unfit url (link).mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser-output .citation q{quotes:"\"""\"""'""'"}.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-free a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/65/Lock-green.svg/9px-Lock-green.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-registration a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-gray-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-subscription a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-red-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration{color:#555}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span{border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help}.mw-parser-output .cs1-ws-icon a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/4c/Wikisource-logo.svg/12px-Wikisource-logo.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output code.cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:inherit;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-maint{display:none;color:#33aa33;margin-left:0.3em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right{padding-right:0.2em}
  2. ^ "Star Blazers Voice Actor Reunion". StarBlazers.com. Archived from the original on 13 October 2012.CS1 maint: Unfit url (link)
  3. ^ Wilson, Lionel (2018). ″and also in the cast . . . ″ : The Saga of a Supporting Player. p. 253. ISBN 978-1720738398.
  4. ^ "A Cult Phenomenon". Starlog. Star Blazers. 35 (June): 52–53. June 1980. Retrieved 19 March 2012.
  5. ^ "Cosmic Blazers". Sunday Datebook, San Francisco Chronicle & Examiner. 16 September 1979.
  6. ^ a b "Make way for StarBlazers" (PDF). StarBlazers.com. Archived from the original on 20 January 2013.CS1 maint: Unfit url (link)
  7. ^ a b c "WCC Animation Comics". StarBlazers.com. Archived from the original on 21 March 2012.CS1 maint: Unfit url (link)
  8. ^ "Geek Out Central," Dean Mayes. Retrieved 3 February 2014.
  9. ^ "Sci fi Scripts". Sci fi Scripts. Retrieved 2 September 2008.
  10. ^ "TV.com:Star Blazers movie will save Earth". TV.com. 24 June 2006. Retrieved 2 September 2008.
  11. ^ Stax (20 February 2003). "The Stax Report: Script Review of Star Blazers". IGN. IGN Entertainment, Inc. Archived from the original on 12 December 2010.
  12. ^ Schmitz, Greg Dean (25 February 2011). "Weekly Ketchup: A Live Action Version of Star Blazers?". Retrieved 15 March 2011.
  13. ^ Fleming, Mike (21 February 2011). "'True Grit' Co-Financier Skydance Targets 'Star Blazers' For Christopher McQuarrie". Retrieved 15 March 2011.
  14. ^ "Christopher McQuarrie to Pen Star Blazers Adaptation". Retrieved 15 March 2011.
  15. ^ Goldberg, Matt. "Christopher McQuarrie to Write STAR BLAZERS Adaptation for Skydance Productions". Collider. Retrieved 15 March 2011.
  16. ^ Fleming Jr., Mike (30 October 2013). "Chris McQuarrie To Direct 'Star Blazers' From '70s Sci-Fi Anime Series For Skydance". Deadline Hollywood. Penske Business Media, LLC. Retrieved 12 January 2018.
  17. ^ Douglas, Edward (18 March 2017). "Exclusive: Star Blazers Movie Is A Go With New Screenwriter On Board!". LRM. LatinoReview LLC. Archived from the original on 8 May 2017. Retrieved 12 January 2018.
  18. ^ Fleming Jr., Mike (20 March 2017). "Skydance Sets Zach Dean To Ready 'Star Blazers' For Christopher McQuarrie". Deadline Hollywood. Penske Business Media, LLC. Retrieved 12 January 2018.
  19. ^ "The Star Blazers you did not see". desslok.com. Retrieved 2 September 2008.
  20. ^ "Comico Comic Book Series". StarBlazers.com. Archived from the original on 14 March 2012.CS1 maint: Unfit url (link)
  21. ^ "Comico Comic Book Series 2". StarBlazers.com. Archived from the original on 14 March 2012.CS1 maint: Unfit url (link)
  22. ^ "Argo Press Comic Book Series". StarBlazers.com. 25 March 2009. Archived from the original on 21 March 2012.CS1 maint: Unfit url (link)
  23. ^ Seitz, Matt Zoller Seitz (10 November 2013). "Eight Great TV Series (or Mini-Series) You Probably Haven't Seen". Vulture. New York Media LLC. Retrieved 12 January 2018.
  24. ^ Sepinwall, Alan; Seitz, Matt Zoller (6 September 2016). TV (The Book): Two Experts Pick the Greatest American Shows of All Time. Grand Central Publishing. ISBN 978-1455588190. Fawlty Towers, Prime Suspect, Space Battleship Yamato (Star Blazers), Les Revenants (The Returned), both Kingdom miniseries, and other beloved imports would rank highly if we opened this book to international series.
  25. ^ "Star Blazers—Star Blazers Collection: Series I". TVShowsOnDVD.com. Archived from the original on 2 October 2008. Retrieved 2 September 2008.
  26. ^ "Star Blazers—Star Blazers Collection: Season II". TVShowsOnDVD.com. Archived from the original on 1 October 2008. Retrieved 2 September 2008.
source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Star_Blazers

Space Battleship Yamato 2199

Space Battleship Yamato 2199

imdb_logo* Summary text borrowed  (volunteer to craft a summary!) In the year 2199, Earth is invaded by an extraterrestrial race known as the Gamilas, who hail from a dying planet and decide to make Earth their new home. The Gamilas proceed to rain radioactive bombs on Earth, rendering the planet’s surface arid and uninhabitable (but hospitable for their race). Earth’s space fleet is hopelessly outclassed by the Gamilas and all seems lost… until a mysterious space probe is retrieved on Mars. The probe contains blueprints, and a message from Queen Starsha of the planet Iscandar, who claims to have a device which can cleanse Earth of its radiation damage. The blueprints are of a supercraft that can enable any ship to head to Iscandar (situated in another galaxy) and back in a year, and with these plans the denizens of Earth secretly rebuild a Japanese battleship, the Yamato, into a great space battleship. A large intrepid crew of 999 departs for Iscandar in the Yamato to require the device… but with the menace of the Gamilas, can they succeed in … Written by Q. Leo Rahman

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Star Blazers: Space Battleship Yamato 2199
Yamato 2199.jpg
Official poster for the series showing some of the main characters and the titular spaceship
宇宙戦艦ヤマト2199
(Uchū Senkan Yamato 2199)
GenreSpace opera, Military sci-fi, Adventure
Anime film series
(Theatrical Edition)
Directed byAkihiro Enomoto
Produced byAtsushi Ariyoshii
Hideaki Matsumoto
Fumi Teranishi
Mikio Gunji
Written byStory:
Yutaka Izubuchi
Screenplay:
Yutaka Izubuchi
Hiroshi Ōnogi
Sadayuki Murai
Shigeru Morita
Music byAkira Miyagawa
StudioAIC (films 1-3)
Xebec (films 4-7)
Licensed by
Voyager Entertainment (Licensing Rights)
Funimation (Home Video)
Released April 7, 2012 August 24, 2013
Runtime50 minutes (film 1)
100 minutes (films 2-7)
Films7
Anime television series
(TV Edition)
Directed byAkihiro Enomoto
Produced byAtsushi Ariyoshii
Hideaki Matsumoto
Fumi Teranishi
Mikio Gunji
Written byStory:
Yutaka Izubuchi
Screenplay:
Yutaka Izubuchi
Hiroshi Ōnogi
Sadayuki Murai
Shigeru Morita
Music byAkira Miyagawa
StudioAIC (ep. 1–10)
Xebec (ep. 11–26)
Licensed by
Voyager Entertainment (Licensing Rights)
Funimation (Streaming & Home Video)
Original networkJNN (MBS)
Original run April 6, 2012[1]
(premiere on Family Gekijo)
April 7, 2013
September 29, 2013
Episodes26 (List of episodes)
Anime film
A Voyage to Remember
(Compilation film)
Directed byYutaka Izubuchi
StudioAIC
Xebec
ReleasedOctober 11, 2014 (2014-10-11)
Runtime120 minutes
Related
Wikipe-tan face.svg Anime and Manga portal

Star Blazers 2199, known in Japan as Space Battleship Yamato 2199 (宇宙戦艦ヤマト2199, Uchū Senkan Yamato Ni-ichi-kyū-kyū), is a 2012–2013 Japanese military science fiction anime television series that is a remake of the first Space Battleship Yamato television series created by Yoshinobu Nishizaki and Leiji Matsumoto in 1974, known in the United States as Star Blazers. The series is a space opera,[2] and was originally screened back-to-back in theaters across Japan, a few episodes at a time prior to release on home video, and aired on television from April 7, 2013 to September 29, 2013. Voyager Entertainment currently licensed the series outside Japan, with Funimation streaming their English dub of the series starting on November 8, 2017.[3]

Two movies based on the series were released in 2014. A sequel series, titled Star Blazers: Space Battleship Yamato 2202, was released in theaters from February 27, 2017.

Plot

In 2191, Earth made first contact with aliens called Gamilas. First attempt at peaceful contact with the Gamilas failed, resulting in interstellar war. The United Nations Cosmo Navy, even though outmatched by the Gamilas space naval forces, was able to stop their direct assaults on Earth in the Second Battle for Mars, but suffered heavy losses in the process. The Gamilas, from their military base on Pluto, then started planetary bombardment with modified asteroids called planet bombs. The planet bombs hampered United Nations efforts to rebuild their space fleet and forced Earth to build underground cities to protect humanity. The planet bombs altered the atmosphere and irradiated the planetary surface, causing the complete destruction of the planet's biosphere. The Gamilas then started what is believed to be their first step in terraforming—preparing the Earth to be inhabited by themselves—by introducing plant life that was lethal to any life on Earth. With mankind facing extinction, the United Nations started planning for a small colony of humans to leave Earth in an attempt at the survival of humanity, called the Isumo Plan. But in early 2198 Starsha, from the planet Iscandar, learned of Earth's situation and dispatched her sister Yurisha to Earth. Yurisha brought with her the designs to what is called the Dimensional Wave Motion Engine, providing for interstellar flight along with other technological assistance to Earth. The Iscandarans revealed that they could reverse the damage done to the Earth with the Cosmo Reverse System. For technical reasons they could not send the system directly and would need Earth to send a ship for it. The United Nations then scrapped the Isumo Plan in order to build a new Cosmo Navy ship to retrieve the Cosmo Reverse System. The new ship was designed as a heavily armed space battleship. To conceal the ship's construction from the Gamilas, Earth built the new ship at the same site as the sunken World War II Yamato battleship. The new space battleship was also named the Yamato for which the series Space Battleship Yamato 2199 is named.[4]

Over the course of the series, the Yamato and its crew were continually attacked by Gamilan forces on Jupiter, the moons of Saturn, and Pluto. As the Yamato battled its way out of the Solar System and the Milky Way Galaxy, Gamilas leader Abert Dessler took a personal interest in the unusually advanced and seemingly unstoppable Earth vessel. Suspicious of Iscandar's involvement in the humans' quest, Dessler schemed to stop the Yamato at all costs before it could fulfill its mission—even as political intrigue plagued his empire. To this end, he ordered his top military commanders and most sophisticated spacecraft into the fight, putting the determination of the Yamato crew to even more rigorous tests as they coped with questions about their mission and strange incidents aboard their own ship.

Cast

Yamato Crew
Characters Japanese English[5]
Susumu Kodai Daisuke Ono Christopher Wehkamp
Daisuke Shima Kenichi Suzumura Ricco Fajardo
Juzo Okita Takayuki Sugo Brian Mathis
Yuki Mori Houko Kuwashima Mallorie Rodak

Production

The new series is a remake of the original Space Battleship Yamato television series from 1974, with some changes in the main story, new characters (including several female ones), a more modern tech design, and an animation style inspired by that of the original series. The original intro music theme from the first series composed by Hiroshi Miyagawa with vocals by Isao Sasaki has also been re-scored for this new production by Hiroshi's son Akira.[6]

Yutaka Izubuchi serves as supervising director, with character designs by Nobuteru Yuki, and Junichiro Tamamori and Makoto Kobayashi in charge of mecha and conceptual designs. The series is animated by AIC (episodes 1 to 10) and later by Xebec (episodes 11 to 26). Famous anime director and creator Hideaki Anno designed the new series' opening sequence, which is a homage to the one that appeared in the first television series.[7]

The full anime series started airing on April 7, 2013, in the MBS/TBS's 5:00 p.m timeslot, replacing Magi: The Labyrinth of Magic.[8]

The Yamato wreck in the 1974 series where the Space Battleship Yamato was built under was based on the general assumption in the 1970s that the warship sank intact. When the actual wreck was found in 1985, it was in a much more mangled shape than previously thought. In an April 2013 interview with Japanese online hobby shop Ami Ami, Bandai model developer Hirofumi Kishiyama said the emergence of the space battleship itself in 2199 was a plot device that needed to be resolved. Taking into account the 1985 discovery, he said the new Yamato "wreck" is simply camouflage for the warship being built underneath. Where the 1974 space battleship Yamato was conceptualized to be the same length as the original battleship at 263 meters, the spaceship in the new series was enlarged to 333m to address design discrepancies found in the first show.[9]

Characters who appeared in the original series' second and third seasons are included in 2199 as well.

The first episode of the show has been dubbed into English by Bang Zoom! Entertainment, and was shown at both Anime Expo and San Diego Comic-Con in the Summer of 2013.[10]

In 2014, a feature-length compilation of the Space Battleship Yamato 2199 series titled Space Battleship Yamato 2199: A Voyage to Remember and an original movie based on the series, Space Battleship Yamato 2199: Odyssey of the Celestial Ark, were released.[11]

On November 3, 2017, FUNimation announced that they had acquired streaming rights to the series and would stream the English dub on November 8.[12]

Marketing

Release

Episode 1 of the series was previewed on April 6, 2012 on Family Gekijo channel, although the remaining 25-minute episodes did not run on television until 2013.[1][13][14]

Episodes 1 and 2 of the new series were released as a fifty-minute anime film called Dai-Isshō Harukanaru Tabidachi (Chapter 1: "The Long Journey") premiering in Japanese cinemas on April 7, 2012 (the sixty-seventh anniversary of the loss of the Yamato during the Battle of Okinawa). It was also released on May 25, 2012 as Blu-ray and DVD format volumes in Japan.[15][16] Six more anime films which will be one hundred-plus minute compilations, containing four episodes each, for a total of twenty-six, will be released every few months in select theaters across Japan through 2013. The series commenced weekly broadcast on April 7, 2013.[13]

The second film, Dai-nishō: Taiyōken no Shitō (Chapter 2: "Desperate Struggle in the Heliosphere"), featured episodes 3-6. It opened in ten theaters in Japan on June 30, 2012. The Blu-ray Disc and DVD volumes were released on July 27, 2012.[17]

The third film, Dai-sanshō: Hateshinaki Kōkai (Chapter 3: "The Endless Voyage"), featuring Episodes 7-10, opened in twelve Japanese theaters from October 13 through October 26, 2012 (expanding from ten theaters for the previous films). The Blu-ray and DVD volumes were released on November 22, 2012.[18]

The fourth film, Dai-yonshō: Ginga Henkyō no Kōbō (Chapter 4: "Defense of the Galactic March"), featured Episodes 11-14, and opened in twelve Japanese theaters from January 12 through January 26, 2013. The Blu-ray and DVD volumes were released on February 22, 2013.

The fifth film, Dai-goshō: Bōkyō no Gingakan Kukan (Chapter 5: "The Redolence of Intergalactic Space") featuring Episodes 15-18, was released in twelve Japanese theaters on April 13, 2013. The Blu-ray and DVD volumes were released on May 28, 2013.

The sixth film, Dai-rokushō: Tōtatsu! Dai Magellan (Chapter 6: "Arrival! Large Magellanic Cloud") featuring episodes 19-22 was released in sixteen Japanese theaters on June 15, 2013. The Blu-ray and DVD volumes were released on July 26, 2013.

The seventh and final film, Dai-nanashō: Soshite Kan wa Iku (Chapter 7: "And Now the Warship Comes") featuring episodes 23-26 was released in Japanese theaters on August 24, 2013. Unlike the previous episodes (other than the first one), they first aired on TV before the Blu-ray and DVD volumes were released on October 25, 2013.

Compilation film

Space Battleship Yamato 2199: A Voyage to Remember (宇宙戦艦ヤマト2199 追憶の航海, Uchū Senkan Yamato 2199: Tsuioku No Koukai), also known as Space Battleship Yamato 2199: Voyage of Remembrance, is a 2014 Japanese anime recap film that compiles the twenty-six episodes of the Space Battleship Yamato 2199 anime series.[19][20] Writers have unofficially used the English translations Space Battleship Yamato 2199: Voyage of Remembrance and Space Battleship Yamato 2199: A Voyage to Remember.[21][22] However, the distributor has yet to choose an official English language title.

Toys/models

Bandai started releasing kits based on the vehicles seen in the series in 2012.

As of January 2015, the company produced 1/1000 scale models of the Yamato, two sets of UNCN warships, four sets of Garmilas warships, the Gamilas Polmeria-class Assault Carrier, the Gelvades-class Assault Carrier "Darold," and the Guipellon-class multi-deck carriers Lambea, Balgray, and the Schderg. Some of these kits also contain bonus kits, including reissues of certain warship kits from the original series' Mecha Collection line. The line Garmillas warships are also available as online-exclusive Imperial Guard sets, sporting green blue colors. Test shots of a 1/1000 version of the Zelguud-class dreadnought Domelus III and the Deusula II dreadnought were made public in 2013. Bandai originally held back on a full release for the Domelus III, stating that the model's size - around two feet long - was too big for the average Japanese home. The 1/500 release of the Yamato, measuring at over two feet, two inches - eventually prompted the release. The Gatlantis Empire's ships also appeared in the main kit line and the Mecha Collection line in 2014.

Vehicles from the series are available in 1/72 scale. The line started with the α-1 and α-2 Cosmo Zeroes in 2012. The March 2013 issue of Dengeki Hobby magazine had a free 1/72 Cosmo Falcon fighter packaged and Bandai followed suit with recast of the Cosmo Falcon (in Saburo Kato and Akira Yamamoto's paint schemes) later in 2013. Some of the 1/1000 kits also have their own space fighter models, with the Polmeria including a free DWG229 Melanka flying-wing bomber, two FG14 Zedora fighters with the Balgray, a DWG262 Czvarke fighter with Garmillas Warship set III and the FG156 Sumaruhi recon plane with Garmillas Warship Set IV.

Taking off from previous efforts to produce specific paint sets for Gundam HGUC models, Gunze Sangyo is also producing special paint sets for the 2199 warship kits.

In January 2014, Bandai also released a Yamato 2199 version of the Battleship Yamato (number GX-64) in their Soul of Chogokin line of adult collector's toys, which is a total redesign from their previous release (number GX-57.)

Differences from the original series

The series is markedly different from the original in many ways. Those include:

  • The Yamato is bigger than previous incarnations of the ship, because the anime design team now scaled the entire ship to be on proportion with the dimensions of the bridge, so now Yamato is 333m long (original was 263m). Also the entire ship has been internally reworked to make more sense and it is no longer built in the wreck of the original sunken battleship Yamato.
  • Queen Starsha had only one sister, Sasha (Astra in the English dub), in the original series, who was sent to Earth with both Starsha's message and the plans for the Wave Motion Engine. In 2199, the queen has two sisters, Yurisha and Sasha. Yurisha was sent to Earth one year before Sasha with the message and the engine schematics; Sasha was tasked with bringing the engine's "activation core". Yurisha bears an uncanny resemblance to Yuki, leading to a protracted case of mistaken identity between them (with Yuki even being taken prisoner by Gamilas operatives who believe she is Yurisha).
  • The Yamato departs Earth with a much larger crew of 999 crew on board. In the original series, Yamato had a crew of 114. This is quite possibly a nod to Galaxy Express 999, another series created by Leiji Matsumoto.
  • While main weapons remain largely the same, the Yamato now has missile ports in the under keel to cover that previously assumed as "blind" spot.
  • Captain Okita is much more involved in the storyline. In the original Yamato, his illness took him out much sooner and he spent more time laid up in bed. Here, he remains in command almost to the end.
  • There is considerable cordial if tense interaction between Gamilas and humans, something that did not happen in the original series.
  • In the original series, Kodai assumed command of the Yamato when Okita was taken ill. Here, Sanada is the designated XO and takes over when Okita cannot command. Sanada is considerably fleshed out from the original series, with much more back story and complexity to his character.
  • The Analyzer robot repeatedly sexually harassed Yuki in the original series, but in the remake it is much better behaved.
  • In the original version Sanadas limbs were cybernetic. In this version there's no indication of that.
  • The Yamato's main guns can fire projectile shells in addition to antielectron pulses. In the first series, she never fired shells (which turn out to be critical to the ship's survival in more than one instance).
  • Yuki is no longer needed in the medical bay, as there is full medical staff on board. There are many more women compared to the original series since now one third of the crew is female, including a pilot and an intelligence officer.
  • The character Akira Yamamoto is made into a woman, and has a much larger role in this part of the story.
  • We see much more of Gamilas society. Many of its leaders are shown sympathetically to be family men more worried about their children than war. People conquered by Gamilas serve as second-class citizens, and are often looked down upon by Gamilas.
  • The Gamilas military and Dessler are much more obvious Nazi figures than before. Their clothing is similar to Nazi dress field uniforms, they wear a logo on their neck that looks like the SS lightning bolts and the names of all of the admirals and generals are distinctly German-sounding, like Dietz, Goer, Hiss, Dommel and Shultz; most of whom are allegories of the top military officers of Nazi Germany. (Despite this, in one sense the Gamilas do still reflect Americans. The military platoon made up of Zaltzi volunteers, second class citizens of the Gamilas, is still called the 442nd Special Operations platoon, a reference to the US Army's heavily decorated 442nd Infantry Regiment during World War II, made up of Japanese volunteers.) The official designations for many Gamilas assets, such as the Snuka Dive Bomber (which features the inverted gull wings of the Stuka) and DWG 262 fighter (which visually is similar to the Me 262) bear similarities to their WW2 counterparts.
  • The suicide run of Mamoru Kodai's command, Yukikaze, occurs for a different motive - to cover the retreat of Okita rather than being unable to bear the shame of defeat as in the original. This was the motive given in the Star Blazers dub, and also used in the 2010 Live Action film.
  • The Gamilas fleet has a new ship, the dimensional submarine, commanded by Captain Flaken, whom even his peers acknowledge is independent and difficult to control. The sub can hide in another dimension and fire torpedoes into regular space. This establishes the character and submarine in the series well before being seen in the third season 'Bolar Wars' of the original series
  • After surviving the Battle of Pluto and being taken prisoner, Mamoru Kodai crash-landed on Iscandar and was rescued by Starsha. In the original series, she nursed him back to health; the two fell in love, and he remained with her on Iscandar to rebuild its population. In 2199, he died before the Yamato arrived, leaving a recorded message.
  • While the Yamato has an all-Japanese crew, she flies as a United Nations ship. The United Nations logo is seen on the vessel and Okita talks to United Nations officials via long range communication, not officials in Japan.
  • In the early episodes of the original 1974 series, Gamilas characters had caucasian skintones. Dessler also had a more yellowish skintone in early appearances. This abruptly changed after episode ten when all Gamilas characters were given a blue skin tone to make them more alien in appearance. The discrepancy remains unexplained. In the 2199 series, the difference is justified by establishing caucasian Gamilas characters such as Shulz, Ganz, and the commander of the Jupiter floating continent as Zaltzi, a subject race of Gamilas (blue skinned members being of the Imperial race). This also effectively establishes Gamilas as an interstellar empire that absorbs other races into its culture.
  • The Gamilas Empire is shown using a number of robotic soldiers, possibly another nod to the Star Blazers dub, which needed to justify the enemy soldiers being shot at in order to make the original series less violent. But most likely they are simply an earlier introduction of the robot soldiers shown in the 1978 original series movie, "Farewell to Space Battleship Yamato".

Reception

Kotaku reviewer Richard Eisenbeis praised Yamato 2199, stating that "as a series, it succeeded on nearly every level. It took one of the classic 70s anime, Space Battleship Yamato (called Starblazers in the West), and brought it to a new generation by adding new characters, a deeper story, and stunning visuals"; however, he also gave the film A Voyage to Remember an unequivocally negative judgment. In his review, Eisenbeis noted that unlike many other recap anime movies, A Voyage to Remember added virtually no meaningful new content to the Yamato 2199 story. He went on to point out that the twenty-six episodes of the series had already been shown in cinemas and therefore did not benefit from an additional big screen showing, and with nine and a half hours of original story cut to two and a half for the recap film, backstory and character development were almost completely sacrificed.[23]

References

  1. ^ a b "Yamato 2199 #1 Previewed on TV on April 6". Anime News Network. 2012-03-01. Retrieved 2012-06-07..mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser-output .citation q{quotes:"\"""\"""'""'"}.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-free a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/65/Lock-green.svg/9px-Lock-green.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-registration a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-gray-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-subscription a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-red-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration{color:#555}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span{border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help}.mw-parser-output .cs1-ws-icon a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/4c/Wikisource-logo.svg/12px-Wikisource-logo.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output code.cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:inherit;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-maint{display:none;color:#33aa33;margin-left:0.3em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right{padding-right:0.2em}
  2. ^ Richard Eisenbeis (9 October 2013). "If You Like Space Operas, You'll Love Yamato 2199". Kotaku. Retrieved 15 January 2017.
  3. ^ https://www.animenewsnetwork.com/news/2017-11-03/funimation-to-offer-english-dub-of-star-blazers-space-battleship-yamato-2199/.123583
  4. ^ Space Battleship Yamato 2199 Episode 1 'Message from Iscandar'. Retrieved 15 June 2016.
  5. ^ "Star Blazers English cast list". www.funimation.com. Retrieved 2017-11-08.
  6. ^ ""Evangelion" Director Hideaki Anno to Design "Yamato 2199" Anime Opening". Crunchyroll. 2012-02-25. Retrieved 2012-09-03.
  7. ^ "Yamato 2199 Composer Is Original Yamato Composer's Son". Anime News Network. 2012-01-13. Retrieved 2012-09-03.
  8. ^ "5th Yamato 2199 Film, TV Premiere Slated for April". Anime News Network. 2013-01-10. Retrieved 2013-01-11.
  9. ^ "[あみブロ] 【第2回】バンダイホビー事業部 『宇宙戦艦ヤマト2199』プラモデル開発者インタビュー公開!総員、新たなる『ヤマト』の旅立ちに備えよ!". Blog.amiami.com. 2013-09-20. Retrieved 2013-10-02.
  10. ^ "Bang Zoom Dubs 1st Star Blazers/Yamato 2199's Episode - News". Anime News Network. 2013-09-28. Retrieved 2013-10-02.
  11. ^ "New Yamato 2199 Film's Title, Date, Studio Announced". Anime News Network. 2014-04-21. Retrieved 2014-04-25.
  12. ^ "Funimation to Offer English Dub of Star Blazers: Space Battleship Yamato 2199". Anime News Network. November 3, 2017. Retrieved November 3, 2017.
  13. ^ a b "New Yamato Anime to Be 26 Episodes, Split Into 7 Films". Anime News Network. 2011-12-23. Retrieved 2012-02-01.
  14. ^ "New Yamato 2199 Anime Is Also a TV Series". Anime News Network. 2011-11-11. Retrieved 2012-02-01.
  15. ^ "50 Top-Selling Animation Blu-ray Discs in Japan: 2012". Anime News Network. January 6, 2013. Retrieved September 30, 2016.
  16. ^ "50 Top-Selling Animation DVDs in Japan: 2012". Anime News Network. January 6, 2013. Retrieved September 30, 2016.
  17. ^ "2nd Yamato 2199 Film's Promo Video Streamed". Anime News Network. 2012-05-24. Retrieved 2012-09-03.
  18. ^ "3rd Yamato 2199 Film Slated for October 13". Anime News Network. 2012-06-27. Retrieved 2012-09-03.
  19. ^ "Yamato 2199 Films' Trailer, Teaser, Story Line Unveiled" Anime News Network
  20. ^ Yamato Crew official film page (in Japanese)
  21. ^ "Yamato 2199 Films' Trailer, Teaser, Story Line Unveiled" Anime News Network
  22. ^ "SPACE BATTLESHIP YAMATO 2199: A VOYAGE TO REMEMBER Opening Day Report" SciFi Japan
  23. ^ Richard Eisenbeis (14 October 2014). "Yamato 2199 Is the Worst Recap Movie I Have Ever Seen". Kotaku. Retrieved 29 July 2015.

External links

source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Space_Battleship_Yamato_2199

Related Titles

Space Battleship Yamato (2010)
Star Blazers (1979) (TV Series) aka “Space Battleship Yamato”
Uchû senkan Yamato (1974) (TV Series) aka “Space Battleship Yamato”
Space Battleship Yamato (1985) (Video Game)
Space Battleship Yamato Special (2010) (TV Episode) – Smap×Smap (1996) (TV Series) 
Space Battleship Yamato Resurrection (2009)
Space Battleship Yamato – Did You Know Anime? (2014) (TV Episode) – Did You Know Anime? (2014) (TV Mini-Series) 
Space Battleship Yamato: The Making of an Anime Legend (2005) (Video)
Space Battleship Yamato 2199 (2012) (TV Series)
Final Yamato (1983) aka “Space Battleship Yamato: The Final Chapter”

Robotech

Robotech

imdb_logo* Summary text borrowed  (volunteer to craft a summary!)

In the year 1999, an alien battle fortress crash lands on an island in the South Pacific. Over the next ten years, mankind repairs and refits this fortress, using the advanced “robotechnology” found aboard her to create fighter planes that can transform into giant robots. As soon as the repaired fortress is ready for launch, the aliens to whom she belongs finally discover its location. Thus begins a series of wars that will devastate the planet Earth. This television series was created by Carl Macek from three Japanese television series, Super Dimensional Fortress Macross, Super Dimensional Cavalry Southern Cross and Genesis Climber Mospeada.  Written by Christopher E. Meadows <cmeadows@nyx.cs.du.edu>

Reviews & Trailers

Related Shows & Movies

Robotech: The Movie

Robotech II: The Sentinels

Shadow Chronicles

Wikipedia

Robotech
RobotechTitle1985.jpg
Title screen from the 1985 broadcast
GenreEpic, Mecha, Space opera
Created byCarl Macek
Based onSeason 1:
The Super Dimension Fortress Macross
Season 2:
Super Dimension Cavalry Southern Cross
Season 3:
Genesis Climber MOSPEADA
Written byStory:
Carl Macek[1]
Screenplay:
Ardwight Chamberlain
Greg Finley
Steve Flood
Jason Klassi
Steve Kramer
Mike Reynolds
Gregory Snegoff
Jim Wager
Tao Will
Uncredited:
Winston Richard
Tom Wyner[2]
Directed byRobert V. Barron
Ippei Kuri
Starring(see below)
Narrated byJ. Jay Smith
Theme music composerUlpio Minucci
Composer(s)Ulpio Minucci
Country of originUnited States
Japan
No. of seasons3
No. of episodes85 (list of episodes)
Production
Producer(s)Carl Macek
Ahmed Agrama
Running time25 minutes
Production company(s)Harmony Gold USA
Tatsunoko Production
Uncredited:
Studio Nue
Artland
Artmic
DistributorHarmony Gold USA
Release
Original networkFirst-run syndication
Sci-Fi Channel
Cartoon Network
KTEH
Picture formatNTSC
Audio format1.0 monaural (1985)
5.1 Dolby surround sound (2004)
Original releaseMarch 4 –
June 28, 1985 (1985-06-28)
Chronology
Preceded byCodename: Robotech
Followed byRobotech: The Movie
Robotech II: The Sentinels
Robotech: The Shadow Chronicles
Robotech: Love Live Alive
External links
Website

Robotech is an American 85-episode adaptation of three unrelated anime television series (from three different fictional universes) made between 1982-1984 in Japan; the adaptation was aired in 1985. Within the combined and edited story, Robotechnology refers to the scientific advances discovered in an alien starship that crashed on a South Pacific island.[3] With this technology, Earth developed giant robotic machines or mecha (many of which were capable of transforming into vehicles) to fight three successive extraterrestrial invasions.[4]

Background

Robotech was one of the first anime televised in the United States that attempted to include most of the complexity and drama of its original Japanese source material.[5] Produced by Harmony Gold USA, Inc. in association with Tatsunoko Productions Co. Ltd., Robotech is a story adapted with edited content and revised dialogue from the animation of three different mecha anime series: The Super Dimension Fortress Macross from 1982, Super Dimension Cavalry Southern Cross from 1984, and Genesis Climber Mospeada from 1983. Harmony Gold's cited reasoning for combining these unrelated series was its decision to market Macross for US-American weekday syndication television, which required a minimum of 65 episodes at the time (thirteen weeks at five episodes per week). Macross and the two other series each had fewer episodes than required since they originally aired in Japan as a weekly series.[6]

Production history

Harmony Gold hired American writers to adapt the scripts of the three Japanese series.[7] This complicated process was supervised by producer Carl Macek, a pioneer of the anime industry in the United States.[8][9]

This combination resulted in a storyline that spans three generations as mankind must fight three destructive Robotech Wars in succession over a powerful energy source called "Protoculture":

  • The First Robotech War (The Macross Saga) concerns humanity's discovery of a crashed alien ship and subsequent battle against a race of giant warriors called the Zentraedi, who have been sent to retrieve the ship for reasons unknown. In the course of this chapter, Earth is nearly annihilated, the Zentraedi are defeated, and humans gain knowledge of the energy source called protoculture. Humanity also learns of the Robotech Masters whose galactic empire the Zentraedi protected and patrolled.
  • The Second Robotech War (The Masters) focuses on the arrival in Earth orbit of the Robotech Masters, who have come seeking what turns out to be the sole means in the universe of producing protoculture. Through a combination of mistrust and arrogance, their attempts at retrieving this meet with opposition from the humans and unleash a war that leaves the Masters defeated and Earth awash in the spores of a plant called the Flower of Life—the source of protoculture and a beacon to the mysterious Invid who scour the galaxy for its presence.
  • The Third Robotech War (The New Generation) begins with the arrival on Earth of the Invid, who are lured by the Flower of Life and rapidly conquer the planet. References in the previous two chapters explain to viewers that many of the heroes of the First Robotech War had left Earth to seek out the Robotech Masters on a preemptive mission, and it is this Robotech Expeditionary Force that sends missions back from across the galaxy to attempt a liberation of their homeworld. The storyline follows one group of freedom fighters as they work their way towards the final battle with the Invid.

Codename: Robotech

Codename: Robotech is a 73-minute animated pilot that preceded the series. It is set within the events of the First Robotech War. It was a greatly extended version of Gloval's Report, the fourteenth television episode that summarizes the beginning of the series. It was aired on some television stations before the broadcast of the series in 1985. It was included on DVD as an extra with the first volume of the Robotech Legacy Collection and the complete Protoculture Collection, from ADV Films.[10] The disc includes the option of audio commentary by producer Carl Macek and was also released in Australia by Madman Entertainment.

Television broadcast

  • North American television debut: Robotech originally aired in 1985 in first-run syndication, meaning it was sold directly to local television stations without having been run on a network first—this was part of a trend in animation in the 1980s. Previously, local stations would rerun theatrical cartoons like Looney Tunes or shows that had previously aired on network TV on Saturday mornings. This changed after He-Man and the Masters of the Universe introduced a new economic model: shows sold directly for first-run to stations, driving and funded by sales of related toys.[5] Though the original Robotech series did well in ratings, the attempt to cash in on toys may have doomed Robotech II: The Sentinels as the original series attracted older viewers, not necessarily the children targeted by the toy line. The failure of the Matchbox toy line is cited as a primary reason for the cancellation of the Sentinels series.
  • International broadcast: In Australia, Robotech was aired from 1986 to and throughout 1988 and in the late 1990s by both the Seven and Ten networks and various regional stations in different states. Ten cut the series at episode 52, while Seven broadcast all 85 episodes. In 2018, also in Australia, Network Ten multichannel Eleven started airing the Macross Saga. In France, Robotech was originally broadcast by La Cinq during the summer of 1987; the show moved to TF1 in 1991. The Philippine network GMA-7 aired the Masters and New Generation episodes in the late 1980s (as RPN-9 aired Macross in the early 1980s), as part of the late-afternoon weekday animation block (together with Captain Harlock). The Hong Kong cable television channel Star Plus (now Star World) aired all 85 episodes, from May 1994 to January 1995, with changes in time-slots (May-early October 1994, 11:00 a.m. Sundays; October 1994-January 1995, 5:30 p.m. Weekdays). The series was broadcast in a number of European countries by the then Super Channel during the 1980s. In the UK, Robotech aired on The Children's Channel in the mid to late 1980s, and it was transmitted on Prem1ere, the satellite movie channel, in the same period. In Spain, all Robotech episodes were aired using the Latin American Dubbing, from August 1990 to April 1991, with changes in time slots, in Telecinco channel. The series was aired again in the same channel from October 1993 to May 1994. At that time only The Macross Saga and The Robotech Masters Saga were aired, leaving the third part of the show unaired. In Russia, the entire series was shown in the beginning of 1990's on 2x2 - the first commercial Russian channel. The Dubai-based channel MBC 3 began broadcasting an Arabic-language dubbed version in early 2010.
  • Subsequent airings: Robotech appeared on the Sci-Fi Channel in 1993, and on Cartoon Network's Toonami in 1998. Toonami aired only episodes 1 through 60, finishing the run at the end of the Robotech Masters story-line. Toonami reran 3 selected episodes of Robotech as part of the Giant Robot Week in 2003. Superstation KTEH, a PBS public television station in San Jose, California, as part of its Sunday Late-Prime (9pm-after 12) Sci-Fi programming line-up aired the "Macross" and "New Generation" storylines, as well as the Robotech II: The Sentinels feature. Robotech formerly aired daily on The Anime Network. As of January 7, 2007, the show also airs in Canada on Space and Retro. As of 2017, all three storyline sagas of Robotech are currently available for streaming on Netflix.

Critical reception

The series has attained a significant cult-following over the years along with critical appraisal; in 2009, IGN ranked Robotech as the 34th greatest animated show of all time in their Top 100 list.[11]

Home video releases

  • Family Home Entertainment (FHE) first attempted to release one episode per VHS tape, but only got through a handful of early episodes before abandoning this approach. In 1987, the company then heavily edited the 36-episode Macross Saga portion into six feature-length tapes, cutting out episode introductions and slower scenes, and ignoring the Southern Cross and New Generation series entirely. A third VHS run finally succeeded at releasing the entire series with two uncut episodes per tape, over a total of 42 volumes. The Macross Saga and The Masters were also released on Laserdisc in 1993 and 1994, respectively. Each Laserdisc contained four uncut episodes.
  • Palladium Books, past and current publishers of the Robotech role-playing game, was the first company to release Southern Cross, New Generation, and Robotech II: The Sentinels on VHS home video. These VHS videos were available via mail-order, as well as some direct-market game and hobby shops.
  • Streamline Pictures, founded by Macek after the end of Robotech, released Robotech II: The Sentinels on VHS and Laserdisc after the Palladium Books releases went out of print. In 1994, Streamline Pictures also released an incomplete series of "Perfect Collection" VHS videos. Each volume included two episodes of Robotech after their corresponding episodes of Macross, Southern Cross, or Mospeada, completely uncut but inaccurately subtitled. This series allowed English-speaking viewers to see many of the changes made.
  • GameTek Cinema released the first episode of Robotech on CD-ROM in 1994. This uncut episode was encoded in QuickTime 2.0 format at a video resolution of 320x226. The episode contained a marginally different arrangement of background music.
  • AnimEigo, a specialty anime company, released the original Japanese Super Dimension Fortress Macross TV series on DVD in 2001 with subtitles and unedited in its pre-Robotech form. The footage was extensively restored from the original film stock by Shin Kurokawa, making this the most pristine release of Super Dimension Fortress Macross outside Japan. The final DVD of the series also contains commentary by chief director Noburo Ishiguro.
  • ADV Films, an American distributor of anime, began releasing the entire series on DVD in 2001, typically with six episodes per disc. The first box sets of the series (dubbed the Robotech Legacy Collection) included extra discs with special features ranging from Robotech II: The Sentinels to pre-Robotech dubs of the first Macross and Mospeada episodes. Complete collection box-sets were also released, containing all the episodes of each of the three Robotech sagas, minus the extras discs.
    • The restoration of the original Super Dimension Fortress Macross TV series led to speculation among fans that the remastered footage could also be used to create a similarly-remastered version of Robotech. However, Carl Macek stated that a remaster would be impossible at the time because they lacked the necessary source materials, including edit-decision lists, unmixed audio elements, and restored video elements for Southern Cross and Mospeada, as well as for Macross. Some of this (the audio elements and edit-lists) had been destroyed in a flood in the early 1990s; some of it (remastered footage for the other two series) had never been available to begin with. But in 2002, a set of off-site audio backup tapes was discovered to include the missing audio elements, and in 2003 ADV delayed its release of the subtitled Super Dimension Cavalry Southern Cross and Genesis Climber Mospeada series by several months in order to remaster them, as well. With the remastered footage and audio elements available, ADV were able to forego needing the edit-decision lists by commissioning the same video production company that had originally edited Robotech to create a new edit of the show. Robotech: Remastered included the restoration of some scenes previously cut from the original Robotech release to conform to broadcast standards and broadcast length requirements, new opening/ending sequences, 5.1 Dolby surround sound with rerecorded sound effects, and new eyecatch sequences.
    • Robotech: Remastered is not without its share of controversy. Some fans were upset by the reversal of ADV's position on a remastered Robotech, feeling betrayed because they purchased the expensive Legacy Collection during the time ADV was insisting that there would be no remaster, and that this would be the best way Robotech would ever be seen on DVD. Other fans feel that the new 5.1 mix is overly loud and lacks subtlety; they prefer the unremastered version of the series, because it represents the Robotech that they love and remember as it first aired on television without the distraction of new sound effects. Also, the extent of the new footage is limited to sequences that did not require newly recorded dialogue (though other cut scenes are included, in the original Japanese, on one of the Legacy Collection extras discs). The video quality suffers slightly by comparison to AnimEigo's Macross DVDs: ADV includes six episodes per Robotech disc to AnimEigo's four per disc of Macross, meaning that more compression is necessary, and therefore more compression artifacts appear. However, there is little question that the audio and video quality are substantially improved over the prior Robotech DVD release, and Robotech fans would likely prefer having had two different DVD versions released than none at all.
    • In 2003, the original Super Dimension Cavalry Southern Cross and Genesis Climber Mospeada series were released subtitled on DVD in their original Japanese language by ADV Films.
    • Finally, in 2005, ADV released yet another box set, Robotech: The Protoculture Collection, containing all the Robotech: Remastered DVDs plus the seven extras discs from the Legacy Collection in one thin-pack box. Detractors criticize these DVD re-releases as part of an industry trend to entice buyers to "double-dip", or buy more than one edition of the same DVD.
    • Nevertheless, ADV Films announced at Anime Expo 2005 that they would be creating an uncut dub for Macross, with the original Japanese voice actress Mari Iijima reprising her role as Minmei. This six-volume release has been completed, with the first volume being released on January 10, 2006, and the final volume being released on December 19, 2006. However, this dub did not utilize the same voice actors used in Robotech.
  • Manga Entertainment started to release Robotech on DVD as two-disc sets in the UK in late 2005. These sets are essentially the same as the Robotech: Remastered release from the US, but in different packaging.
  • Madman Entertainment released an Australian Region 4 version of the Robotech Legacy Collection boxed sets starting in November 2002 with Volume One, and ending with Volume Seven in May 2003; the Australian version almost identical to the original US release, except for not repeating the "gold box" mistake.
    • Claiming for a long time there wasn't enough demand for subtitled-only DVD releases, Madman eventually chose to test the waters with the release of the Japanese Macross series in March 2004. It was successful enough to secure the release of Southern Cross in July and Genesis Climber Mospeada in October of the same year. All three series are released in their own Madman-designed box, and bear little resemblance to the US releases; many fans preferring the Madman Macross box design over the various US versions.
    • When initially asked about the possibility of an Australian release of Robotech: Remastered, Madman claimed that it would not be cost-effective or profitable with the Legacy Collection already in the market, only to change their tune and release the Robotech 20th Anniversary Remastered Extended Edition, a single box with all 14 discs, in June 2005. The recommended retail price for this box was only a little more than that of two of Madman Legacy Collection boxes.
    • Continuing to follow the ADV Films trend, Madman announced the release of an Australian version of Robotech: The Protoculture Collection in November 2007, again with an RRP only a little more than the preceding 20th Anniversary set.
  • A&E Networks Home Entertainment picked up the video distribution rights to Robotech following ADV's closure in 2009 and re-released the series on DVD in 2011, based on ADV's remastered version of the series. Their release includes many of the special features of ADV's Legacy and Protoculture collections as well as new features, including a documentary, Carl Macek's Robotech Universe, an edited version of Robotech II: The Sentinels (which omits the Macross flashback scenes) and a 29-minute version of Robotech: The Movie (which does not include the Megazone 23 footage, as Harmony Gold USA no longer has the rights to that series). This release was duplicated by Go Entertainment for a Region 2 release in the UK and Beyond Home Entertainment for a Region 4 release in Australia, after Manga Entertainment and Madman Entertainment respectively lost the distribution rights. An advantage that the Beyond Home version presents over A&E and Go Entertainment's versions is that it also includes Love Live Alive.

Original series episodes

Original series cast and crew

English-language cast

Executive and creative staff

  • Ahmed Agrama - Executive Producer
  • Jehan Agrama - Associate Producer
  • Debbie Alba - Dialogue Director
  • Robert V. Barron - Supervising Director / Writer / Dialogue Director
  • Ardwight Chamberlain - Writer
  • Greg Finley - Writer / Dialogue Director
  • Kent Hayes - Production Manager
  • Jason Klassi - Writer
  • Steve Kramer - Script Editor / Writer / Dialogue Director
  • Carl Macek - Producer / Story Editor
  • Mike Reynolds - Writer / Dialogue Director
  • Gregory Snegoff - Script Editor / Writer / Dialogue Director
  • Tao Will - Writer

Production crew

  • Jorge Allia - Transfer
  • Leonardo Araujo - Recording Engineer
  • George Bours - Recording Engineer
  • Guillermo Coelho - Video Tape Engineer
  • John Reiner - Recording Engineer
  • Bryan J. Rusenko - Chief Engineer
  • Eduardo Torres - Recording Engineer
  • Gerardo Valdez - Transfer
  • Joel Valentine - Final Re-Recording

Music staff

  • Julian Costas aka Claudio Costa [1] - Composer / Songwriter / Arranger / Producer
  • Michael Bradley - Composer / Songwriter / Lancer's Singing Voice
  • Alberto Ruben Estevez - Music Composer
  • Ulpio Minucci - Composer / Main Theme
  • John Mortarotti - Music Editor
  • Arlon Ober - Composer / Arranger / Songwriter
  • Reba West - Minmei's Singing Voice
  • Thomas A. White - Executive Music Producer

Since Robotech was a non-union project, many of the voice actors involved worked under pseudonyms to avoid trouble with their union.[citation needed] The voice-actor list printed in Robotech Art One lists the pseudonyms rather than the real names of most of the actors.[citation needed]

Continuing after the original series

  • Harmony Gold attempted to produce several follow ups (see Robotech: Animated sequels and spinoffs) to the original series, most notably Robotech II: The Sentinels. The project fell through due to problems with toy licensing and changes in the Japanese yen-US Dollar exchange rate, among other reasons. The Sentinels saga continued to be chronicled in the novelizations by Jack McKinney and comic book adaptations by the Waltrip brothers.
  • A poor screen-test at the Robotech: The Movie screening in Texas led to Cannon Films pulling the feature from release in 1986, getting a very limited home video release in Europe.
  • A disastrous reception by the fans to the Robotech 3000 trailer in 2000 prompted Harmony Gold to cancel the project before any more footage was completed. In addition, Netter Digital, the animation producers of the trailer, went bankrupt shortly afterward.
  • Robotech: The Shadow Chronicles was first announced at Anime Expo 2004 as the latest incarnation of the Robotech saga. Unlike previous attempts, the movie was a direct continuation of the original series' last episode. The first teaser trailer debuted one year later at Anime Expo 2005 for the 20th anniversary of Robotech. The 88-minute movie premiered at various film festivals in 2006 and a limited theatrical run in January 2007, but the DVD release was delayed until February 6, 2007, the film's reception was very mixed.
  • Robotech: Shadow Rising was a proposed sequel to the Shadow Chronicles that was originally intended to be released in 2009. Pre-production ceased after Harmony Gold could not reach an agreement with FUNimation Entertainment. The Shadow Rising trademark has been abandoned since 2007.[13]
  • Warner Bros. and Material Pictures licensed the film rights to Robotech and were reportedly considering the production of a live-action adaptation. Tobey Maguire (Spider-Man and Seabiscuit) "is eyeing the lead role"[14] and were to serve as the film's producer.
  • Robotech: Love Live Alive is a co-production between Harmony Gold and Tatsunoko Production, released in July 2013. It is based on the OVA Genesis Climber MOSPEADA: Love Live Alive, but also includes new material.[15]
  • Robotech: Academy was a planned crowd-funded TV pilot based on an idea by the late series' creator Carl Macek. The Kickstarter project ran from July to August 2014, but was prematurely cancelled after funding fell significantly short of its goal.

References

  1. ^ Yang, Jeff (2010-05-06). "The 'Robotech' master". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved 2010-09-16..mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser-output .citation q{quotes:"\"""\"""'""'"}.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-free a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/65/Lock-green.svg/9px-Lock-green.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-registration a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-gray-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-subscription a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-red-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration{color:#555}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span{border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help}.mw-parser-output .cs1-ws-icon a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/4c/Wikisource-logo.svg/12px-Wikisource-logo.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output code.cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:inherit;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-maint{display:none;color:#33aa33;margin-left:0.3em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right{padding-right:0.2em}
  2. ^ "Robotech: The Macross Saga (TV)". CrystalAcids. Retrieved 2017-04-20.
  3. ^ "The Past, Present and Future of Macross". IGN. Archived from the original on 2010-07-25. Retrieved 2010-04-20.
  4. ^ "An Introduction to Robotech". Robotech.com. Archived from the original on 2008-09-14. Retrieved 2008-09-01.
  5. ^ a b "Macek Training". Anime News Network. Retrieved 2010-01-25.
  6. ^ "Why were the names from the original shows changed?". Robotech.com. Archived from the original on 2008-04-21. Retrieved 2008-09-01.
  7. ^ "The Past, Present and Future of Macross". IGN. Archived from the original on 2010-07-25. Retrieved 2010-04-20.
  8. ^ Yang, Jeff (2010-05-06). "The 'Robotech' master". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved 2010-10-25.
  9. ^ "What is Robotech?". Robotech.com. Archived from the original on 2008-04-21. Retrieved 2008-09-01.
  10. ^ Darius Washington (2001-07-22). "Robotech: The Macross Saga Legacy Collection 1". EX: The Online World of Anime & Manga. Archived from the original on 2001-11-19.
  11. ^ "34, Robotech". IGN. 2009-01-23. Retrieved 2009-01-24.
  12. ^ IMDb, The Invid Invasion, retrieved 3 October 2018
  13. ^ "Abandoned Shadow Rising Trademark". Trademarkia.
  14. ^ Borys Kits. Maguire, WB attack the big screen with 'Robotech' , reported by HollywoodReporter.com September 7, 2007. Last accessed Dec 29, 2007
  15. ^ Kevin McKeever. Robotech :Love Live Aive cast announced at NYCC robotech.com October 12, 2012. Last accessed Nov 5, 2012
source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robotech_(TV_series)

Legend of the Galactic Heroes: Side Stories

Legend of the Galactic Heroes: Side Stories

imdb_logo* Summary text borrowed  (volunteer to craft a summary!)

A classic SpaceOpera, where 2 major empires fight between them with their own beliefs and ideals. In the imperial side “Reinhard Von Lohengram” a military genius and somehow different to make the change on the core of the corrupt noble elite on the other side in the free Planets coalition is Wen-Li, who joined the military to be an historian, this makes him a well known tactician men with an variety of knowledge in past military tactics, very driven and heroic person which makes his own rights to come to an end, essentially fighting against an corrupted democracy of his country government. The clash of the two main chars is addicted and somehow engaging seeing how two different hero’s with different ideals, “power vs will”, comes always to the same goal the best for their people.  Written by ricardo cardoso

Reviews & Trailers

Wikipedia

Legend of the Galactic Heroes
LoGH vol1 first edition tokuma novels.jpg
Cover of the original novel of Legend of the Galactic Heroes volume 1, first edition (Tokuma Novels, 1982).
銀河英雄伝説
(Ginga Eiyū Densetsu)
GenreSpace opera,[1]military science fiction[2]
Novel series
Written byYoshiki Tanaka
Illustrated byNaoyuki Kato (vol. 1–5)
Yukihisa Kamoshita (vol. 6–10)
Published byTokuma Shoten
English publisher
Original runNovember 30, 1982November 15, 1987
Volumes10 (List of volumes)
Novel series
Legend of the Galactic Heroes: Side Stories
Written byYoshiki Tanaka
Illustrated byKatsumi Michihara (vol. 1, 3-4)
Akira Kasahara (vol. 2)
Hiroshi Yokoyama (short stories)
Published byTokuma Shoten
Original runSeptember 1, 1984July 31, 1989
Volumes4 (+5 short stories) (List of volumes)
Manga
Legend of the Galactic Heroes: Golden Wings
Written byKatsumi Michihara
Published byTokuma Shoten
DemographicShōjo
MagazineChara
PublishedAugust 10, 1986[citation needed]
Manga
Written byKatsumi Michihara
Published byTokuma Shoten
DemographicShōnen
MagazineShōnen Captain
Original runAugust 1986February 2000
Volumes11
Anime film
Legend of the Galactic Heroes: My Conquest is the Sea of Stars
Directed byNoboru Ishiguro
Produced byShaun Clayton
Written byTakeshi Shudo
Music bySetsuo Sasaki
StudioArtland & Madhouse
Licensed by
ReleasedFebruary 6, 1988
Runtime60 minutes
Original video animation
Directed byNoboru Ishiguro
Music byShinsuke Kazato
StudioArtland (all episodes)
Madhouse (eps. 1-26)
Magic Bus (eps. 27-110)
Licensed by
Released January 8, 1988 March 17, 1997
Runtime25 minutes (each)
Episodes110 (List of episodes)
Anime film
Legend of the Galactic Heroes: Golden Wings
Directed byKeizou Shimizu
Music byTomoki Hasegawa
StudioArtland & Magic Bus
Licensed by
ReleasedDecember 12, 1992
Runtime60 minutes
Anime film
Legend of the Galactic Heroes: Overture to a New War
Directed byKen'ichi Maeda
StudioArtland & Magic Bus
Licensed by
ReleasedDecember 18, 1993
Runtime90 minutes
Original video animation
Legend of the Galactic Heroes: A Hundred Billion Stars, A Hundred Billion Lights
Directed byNoboru Ishiguro
StudioArtland & Magic Bus
Licensed by
Released February 9, 1998 September 26, 1998
Runtime25 minutes (each)
Episodes24
Original video animation
Legend of the Galactic Heroes: Spiral Labyrinth
Directed byNoboru Ishiguro
StudioArtland & Magic Bus
Licensed by
Released December 24, 1999 June 27, 2001
Runtime25 minutes (each)
Episodes28
Manga
Legend of the Galactic Heroes: Portrait of Heroes
Written byKatsumi Michihara
Published byTokuma Shoten
DemographicSeinen
MagazineMonthly Comic Ryū
Original runOctober 19, 2006September 19, 2012
Volumes4
Anime television series
The Legend of the Galactic Heroes: Die Neue These Kaikō
Directed byShunsuke Tada
Produced byTokuma Shoten
Shochiku
DMM Pictures
Written byNoboru Takagi
Music byShin Hashimoto
StudioProduction I.G
Licensed by
Original networkFamily Gekijo, Tokyo MX, MBS, BS11
Original run April 3, 2018 June 26, 2018
Episodes12
Anime film series
Legend of the Galactic Heroes: Die Neue These Seiran
StudioProduction I.G
Released 2019 planned
Wikipe-tan face.svg Anime and Manga portal

Legend of the Galactic Heroes (銀河英雄伝説, Ginga Eiyū Densetsu), referred to as Heldensagen vom Kosmosinsel (incorrect German, translating to "heroic tales from the cosmic island") in the opening credits and sometimes abbreviated as LOTGH (銀英伝, Gin'eiden), is a series of science fiction novels written by Yoshiki Tanaka. In humanity's distant future, two interstellar states – the monarchic Galactic Empire and the democratic Free Planets Alliance – are embroiled in a never-ending war. The story focuses on the exploits of rivals Reinhard von Lohengramm and Yang Wen-li as they rise to power and fame in the Galactic Empire and the Free Planets Alliance respectively.

An anime adaptation of the novels, produced by Kitty Films and animated for the most part by Artland and Magic Bus, ran from 1988 to 1997. There is also a manga based on the novels, with art by Katsumi Michihara. In addition, there are several video game adaptations with the most recent release in 2008 being a real-time strategy game. The series did not receive an official English release until 2015, when North American anime and manga distributor Viz Media announced they had acquired the license to the novels. On the same day, North American anime licensor Sentai Filmworks announced their license to the anime and the anime was later released on Hidive starting in June 20, 2017.

Setting

In AD 2801 the Galactic Federation is formed, which results in political power moving away from the planet Earth (now named Terra) and the Space Era calendar replacing the Gregorian calendar, with 2801 AD now being SE 1.[3] Rudolf von Goldenbaum, an ex-admiral turned dictatorial politician is elected to power, makes himself Emperor Rudolf I, absolute monarch of the renamed Galactic Empire, and restarts the calendar again, starting the Imperial Calendar on SE 310/AD 3110. Rudolf adopts extremist policies including the suppression of any opposition and the extermination of anyone perceived too weak, such as the disabled and those in poverty, which he carried out until his death in IC 42/SE 351/AD 3151.[4] He also moves the capital of the Empire to the planet Odin, third planet in the Valhalla system.[5]

In IC 164/SE 473/AD 3273, a group of serfs in the Altair star system manage to escape captivity and make "the Long March of 10,000 Light-Years" into the Sagittarius Arm to escape the Galactic Empire, which is located within the Orion Arm. These people set up the Free Planets Alliance, a democratic republic, using the Space Era calendar, founding the Alliance in SE 527/IC 218/AD 3327 on the planet Heinessen. In SE 640/IC 331/AD 3440 the first battle between the Empire and Alliance occurs, resulting in a major Alliance victory. The two realms have been at war ever since.[6]

A third realm is also set up, the Dominion of Phezzan, a planet-state (city-state on a galactic scale) with connections to Terra. It technically remains a part of the Empire and pays tribute, but it also maintains a relationship with the Alliance. Ruled by a domain lord called the "landsherr" Phezzan gains power by acting as both the paragon and trickster, providing the only link between the Empire and Alliance whilst simultaneously playing the two sides against one another.[7]

Plot

An advertisement for the movie Legend of the Galactic Heroes: Overture to a New War (1993) which shows the main characters.

The story is staged in the distant future within our own Milky Way Galaxy, starting in SE 796/IC 487/AD 3596.[8] A portion of the galaxy is filled with terraformed worlds inhabited by interstellar traveling human beings. For 150 years two mighty space powers have intermittently warred with each other: the Galactic Empire and the Free Planets Alliance.

Within the Galactic Empire, based on mid 19th century Prussia, an ambitious military genius, Reinhard von Müsel, later conferred Reinhard von Lohengramm, is rising to power. He is driven by the desire to free his sister Annerose, who was taken by the Kaiser as a concubine. Later, he wants not only to end the corrupt Goldenbaum dynasty but also to defeat the Free Planets Alliance and to unify the whole galaxy under his rule.

In the Free Planets Alliance Star Fleet is another genius, Yang Wen-li. He originally aspired to become a historian through a military academy, and joined the tactical division only out of need for tuition money. He was rapidly promoted to an admiral because he demonstrated excellence in military strategy in a number of decisive battles and conflicts. He becomes the archrival of Reinhard, though they highly respect one another. Unlike Reinhard he is better known for his underdog victories and accomplishments in overcoming seemingly impossible odds and mitigating casualties and damages due to military operations.

As a historian, Yang often predicts the motives behind his enemies and narrates the rich history of his world and comments on it. One of his famous quotes is: "There are few wars between good and evil; most are between one good and another good."

Besides the two main heroes, the story is full of vivid characters and intricate politics. All types of characters, from high nobility, admirals and politicians, to common soldiers and farmers, are interwoven into the story. The story frequently switches away from the main heroes to the Unknown Soldier fighting for his life on the battlefield.

There is a third neutral power nominally attached to the Galactic Empire called the Phezzan Dominion, a planet-state which trades with both warring powers. There is also a Terraism cult, which claims that humans should go back to Earth, gaining popularity throughout the galaxy. Throughout the story executive political figures of Phezzan in concert with the upper-hierarchy of the Terraism cult orchestrate a number of conspiracies to shift the tide of the galactic war so that it may favor their objectives.

Novels

Legend of the Galactic Heroes (Japanese: 銀河英雄伝説, Ginga Eiyū Densetsu) is a series of ten science-fiction novels written by Tanaka Yoshiki, as well as a number of other, shorter stories set in the same universe. It won the Seiun Award for "Best Novel of the Year" in 1988.[9] On July 2, 2015, Viz Media had announced that they had licensed the novels for release in North America under their Haikasoru imprint.[10] They have only licensed the first three novels, but will license more if sales are good.[10] The first novel, Dawn was released on March 8, 2016 with Ambition released soon after on July 19, 2016. By December 2018, V. 8 had been published, leaving V. 9 to be published in 2019 (announced) and V 10 (TBA).

Adaptations

1988–2001 anime

My Conquest is the Sea of Stars

Legend of the Galactic Heroes: My Conquest is the Sea of Stars (銀河英雄伝説 わが征くは星の大海, Ginga Eiyū Densetsu: Waga Yuku wa Hoshi no Taikai) is the first animated adaptation of Yoshiki Tanaka's Legend of the Galactic Heroes series of novels. It was originally released in Japan on 6 February 1988. The film chronicles the first combat encounter between Reinhard von Müsel (who later adopted the Lohengramm name) and Yang Wen-li, the two primary protagonists of the series. The main original video animation (OVA) series followed only months later.

Legend of the Galactic Heroes

Legend of the Galactic Heroes (銀河英雄伝説, Ginga Eiyū Densetsu), also known by the (ungrammatical) German title Heldensagen vom Kosmosinsel, which is written on the official logo, sometimes abbreviated as LOTGH. This is the main series. It is the second and longest-running animated adaptation of Yoshiki's series of novels. It was released in direct home video installments during four separate periods between December 1988 and March 1997. The OVA comprises 110 episodes, which together total more than 2800 minutes of animation. It was later shown on television and has seen multiple releases on both DVD and Blu-ray formats.

Golden Wings

Legend of the Galactic Heroes: Golden Wings (銀河英雄伝説外伝 黄金の翼, Ginga Eiyū Densetsu: Ōgon no Tsubasa) is the third animated adaptation of Tanaka's novels. It was originally released on home video in Japan in October 1992, then released in cinemas in December of the same year. Its art style is notable in that it follows the art style of the manga rather than the other animated works. Its ending theme song is "Futari Mita Yume ~Two of Us~", performed and composed by Hiroyuki Matsuda, written by Gorou Matsui and arranged by David Campbell.

Overture to a New War

Legend of the Galactic Heroes: Overture to a New War (銀河英雄伝説外伝 新たなる戦いの序曲(オーヴァチュア), Ginga Eiyū Densetsu: Arata Naru Tatakai no Ōvachua) is the fourth animated adaptation of Tanaka's novels. It was originally released in Japan on 18 December 1993. It expands upon the events covered in the first two episodes of the 1988 OVA series.

Gaiden

Legend of the Galactic Heroes Gaiden (銀河英雄伝説 外伝, Ginga Eiyū Densetsu Gaiden) is the fifth animated adaptation (counting films) of Tanaka's novel series. It was originally released in Japan between February 1998 and July 2000. It served as a prequel to the main series.

Series 1, released in 1998, is the first animated adaptation of the Legend of the Galactic Heroes Gaiden, or side stories, series of novels, consisting of adaptations of the short stories "Silver-White Valley", "Dreams of the Morning", "Songs of the Night", "Dishonour" and the novel A Hundred Billion Stars, a Hundred Billion Lights.

Series 2, released between December 1999 and June 2001, is the second animated adaptation of the side stories from the Legend of the Galactic Heroes series of novels, consisting of the adaptations of the novels Spiral Labyrinth and part of Star Crusher (adapted as "The Third Battle of Tiamat"), as well as the original stories "The Mutineer", "The Duellist" and "The Retriever".

English release

On 2 July 2015, Sentai Filmworks announced their license to the anime series at their panel at Anime Expo[11] and later commented that they hoped to create the "definitive release".[12]

On 20 June 2017, Sentai Filmworks announced the streaming release on Hidive's anime streaming service starting the same day.[13]

2018 anime

Die Neue These

Legend of the Galactic Heroes: Die Neue These (銀河英雄伝説 .mw-parser-output ruby>rt,.mw-parser-output ruby>rtc{font-feature-settings:"ruby"1}.mw-parser-output ruby.large{font-size:250%}.mw-parser-output ruby.large>rt,.mw-parser-output ruby.large>rtc{font-size:.3em}DIE(ディ) NEUE(ノイエ) THESE(テーゼ), Ginga Eiyū Densetsu: Di Noie Tēze) started being produced by Production I.G during 2017.[14] Shunsuke Tada directed the series and Noboru Takagi supervised the scripts. Yoko Kikuchi, Iwao Teraoka, and Katsura Tsushima designed the characters. The mecha designs by Naoyuki Kato were drafted by Atsushi Takeuchi, Shinji Usui, and Shinobu Tsuneki. DMM Pictures, Shochiku, and Tokuma Shoten were credited with production of the anime alongside Production I.G. The series was split into two seasons. Season 1, The Legend of the Galactic Heroes Die Neue These Kaikō (The New Thesis: Star-Crossed) began airing 12 episodes beginning April 3, 2018.[15] Season 2, The Legend of the Galactic Heroes Die Neue These Seiran (The New Thesis: Stellar War) is to premiere in Japanese theaters as three films of four episodes each in 2019.[16]

The anime stars Mamoru Miyano as Reinhard von Lohengramm, Kenichi Suzumura as Yang Wen-li & Yuichiro Umehara as Siegfried Kircheis (main characters). For season one, the opening theme is "Binary Star" by SawanoHiroyuki[nZk]:Uru, and the ending theme is "Wish" by Elisa.[17]

Stage productions

2014 stage production

On 12 February 2014, the latest stage production of Legend of the Galactic Heroes opened, and it ended with an announcement of a new anime adaptation. Tanaka's secretary, Hirofumi Adachi, confirmed the news and relayed the producer's comments that the new anime is not a remake of the earlier anime, but another anime adaptation of the original novels with a new staff.

Musical

The series has[when?] been adapted as a musical by the all female performance troupe Takarazuka Revue.[18]

1989–2000 manga

The first manga adaptation is authored by Katsumi Michihara, and is derived from the first two volumes of the original-novel. This manga story is faithful to the original, possibly more faithful than the anime. However, there are some changes that could be considered major, e.g. the sex of several characters is changed. Akira Kasahara cooperated in drawing mechanics.

References

  1. ^ Lauenroth,, Anne (August 2, 2017). "Why Legend of the Galactic Heroes is Worth Your Tim". Anime News Network. Retrieved December 30, 2018..mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser-output .citation q{quotes:"\"""\"""'""'"}.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-free a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/65/Lock-green.svg/9px-Lock-green.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-registration a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-gray-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-subscription a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-red-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration{color:#555}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span{border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help}.mw-parser-output .cs1-ws-icon a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/4c/Wikisource-logo.svg/12px-Wikisource-logo.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output code.cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:inherit;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-maint{display:none;color:#33aa33;margin-left:0.3em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right{padding-right:0.2em}
  2. ^ War Is Boring (March 13, 2016). "It's Time to Start Watching Japan's Best Military Sci-Fi Series". Medium. Retrieved December 30, 2018.
  3. ^ Tanaka, Yoshiki (March 8, 2016). Legend of the Galactic Heroes. 1: Dawn. San Francisco: Haika Soru. p. 9. ISBN 978-1-4215-8494-2.
  4. ^ Tanaka, Volume 1: Dawn, p. 14-17
  5. ^ Tanaka, Volume 1: Dawn, p. 25
  6. ^ Tanaka, Volume 1: Dawn, p.19-21
  7. ^ Tanaka, Volume 1: Dawn, p. 23
  8. ^ Tanaka, Volume 1: Dawn, p. 26
  9. ^ "Seiun Award List". Seiun. Retrieved 2 June 2015.
  10. ^ a b "Viz Adds Legend of the Galactic Heroes Novels, One Punch Man Anime". Anime News Network. Retrieved 2015-07-02.
  11. ^ "Sentai Filmworks Adds Legend of the Galactic Heroes, Higurashi Anime". Anime News Network. Retrieved 2015-07-02.
  12. ^ "Ask Sentai #16: Foppery and Whim? Ok.", sentaifilmworks.com, 7 August 2015. Retrieved 7 September 2016.
  13. ^ "Sentai Filmworks Releases Streaming Details for 'Legend of the Galactic Heroes'", sentaifilmworks.com, 20 June 2017. Retrieved 31 July 2017.
  14. ^ "Legend of the Galactic Heroes Gets New Anime Project by Production I.G in 2017". Anime News Network. 2015-08-13. Retrieved 2016-08-18.
  15. ^ "New Legend of the Galactic Heroes TV Anime Premieres April 3". Anime News Network. February 28, 2018. Retrieved February 28, 2018.
  16. ^ "New Legend of the Galactic Heroes Anime Reveals Cast, Staff, Promo Video, Dates, Titles". Anime News Network. Retrieved September 20, 2017.
  17. ^ "New Legend of the Galactic Heroes Anime Reveals Music Staff, Posts Main Theme". Anime News Network. February 6, 2018. Retrieved February 14, 2018.
  18. ^ "All-Female Performance Troupe Takarazuka Revue Presents 'Legend of the Galactic Heroes'". Crunchyroll. 2012-06-13. Retrieved 2013-09-30.

External links

source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Legend_of_the_Galactic_Heroes

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